AP Government Chapter 8

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Historical periods in which voters cling to the party in power.

Party eras

One of the institutions that keeps the party operating between conventions.

National Committee

The policy positions stated in party platforms are

Very important because nearly three-fourths of them result in policy action when the party is in power.

Linkage institutions

Translate inputs from the public into outputs from the policymakers.

Loyalty to a political party has __________ over the past 30 years.

Decreased

Voting with one party for one office and with another party for other offices.

Ticket splitting

An example of a splinter party would be

George Wallace's American Independents.

The channels through which people's concerns become political issues on the government's policy agenda.

Linkage Institutions

Voters can select from a list of all candidates either Democrats and or Republicans to vote for.

Blanket primary

The chairperson of the party that controls the White House is normally selected by

the President

A group of people seeking to control the government by gaining office.

Political Party

The theory that seeks to explain political processes and outcomes as consequences of purposive behavior is called the

Rational-choice theory

The Depression of the 1930s gave rise to what is called

The New Deal Coalition

A job or promotion that is given for political reasons.

Patronage

According to the "three-headed political giant" model of political parties, the largest component of an American party is the

Party-in-the-electorate.

Only people who have registered in advance with the party can vote for the party's candidates.

Closed primary

Party realignments in the United States

Are rare events in the United States, usually associated with a major national crisis or trauma, in which one party's majority domination is replaced with anothers.

Voters decide on Election Day whether they want to participate in the Democratic or Republican contest.

Open primary

The weakening of party control over American

Is in part due to the increasing influence of the media.

The election of 1896 is considered a watershed

Shifted the party coalition and entrenched the Republicans in power for another generation.

In a winner-take-all system

Unless a party wins, there is no reward for the votes it gets.

Power in the major U.S. political parties is

Fragmented among local, state, and national party organizations.

The meeting of party delegates every four years to choose a presidential ticket and write the party's platform.

National Convention

A political party organization that relies on patronage to win votes and to govern

Party Machine

An electoral where new issues emerge, new coalitions replace old ones, and the majority party is displaced by the minority party.

Critical election

A coalition forged by the Democrats, who dominated American politics from the 1930s to the 1960s.

New deal Coalition

The "responsible party" model holds that parties should

Present clear alternatives to voters.

An electoral system in which legislative seats are awarded only to the candidates who come in first in their constituencies.

Winner-take-all system

The displacement of the majority party by the minority party.

Party realignment

A political party is

A team of men and women seeking to control the government by gaining office in elections.

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