A class of organic compounds containing a hydroxyl (OH) functional group bounded to a carbon atom
Carbon atom of the carbonyl group is bonded to another carbon and one hydrogen atom
a hydrocarbon containing only single covalent bonds
Hydrocarbons with one or more carbon-carbon double bonds
The part of an alkane that remains when a hydrogen atom removed
a hydrocarbon containg one or more triple covalent bonds
Any compound derived from ammonia by substitution of a carbonyl group (C=O) for hydrogen or from an organic acid by replacing the -OH group of the carboxyl group with an amino group (-NH2). Formed by the neutralization of an organic acid with ammonia.
A compound that has on or more organic groups bonded to a nitrogen
a hydrocarbon containing one or more benzene rings that are characteristic of the benzene series of compounds; Benzene has a six-carbon ring with a hydrogen atom attached to each carbon.
A carbon group or halogen bonded to the main carbon chain
an alkane in which at least one carbon atom is bonded to three or four other carbon atoms; A hydrocarbon containing a substituent bonded to the main chain
A functional group present in aldehydes and ketones and consisting of a carbon atom double-bonded to an oxygen atom.
a compund that contains the -COOH functional group
A chemical reaction in which an alkane reacts with oxygen to produce CO2,H2O, and energy
condensed structural formula
structural molecular formula showing the general arrangement of atoms but without showing all the covalent bonds
alkane (beginning with propane) in which carbon atoms form a ring; general formula CnH2n
A compound with the general formula RCOOR1 (where R is a hydrocarbon group or a hydrogen and R1 is a hydrocarbon group) formed from and alcohol and organic or carboxylic acid compound by removal of water (dehydration). Produced when an alcohol and an organic acid are joined together General Formula:R-COOR Common ending: -ate
Any organic compound with the general formula ROR1 where R and R1 are hydrocarbon groups formed by dehydration between two alcohols produced by joining (dehydrating) 2 alcohols. General Formula: R-O-R Common Ending:ether
expanded structural formula
A structural formula that shows all atoms in a molecule and all bonds connecting the atoms using Lewis Dot or Line drawings.
A group of atoms that determine the physical and chemical properties and naming of a class of organic compounds
organic molecules that are composed of only carbon and hydrogen
A functional group consisting of a hydrogen atom (-OH) joined to an oxygen atom by a polar covalent bond. Molecules possessing this group are soluble in water and are called alcohols.
Organic compounds in which identical molecular formulas have different arrangements of atoms
An organisation known as International union of pure and applied chemistry that determines the system for naming organic compounds.
develop when there is no glucose in the cell so uses fat as glucose, as fat breaks down it releases ketones in your blood
Always contain Carbon, often contains hydrogen, are connected by covalent bonds.(Most form large and complex structure Ex: C6H1206), nonpolar molecules, low melting and boiling points, are insoluble in water, and are flammable
Groups of atoms such as an alkyl group or a halogen bonded to the main chain or ring of carbon atoms
A class of organic compounds containing sulfhydryl groups bonded to a carbon atom