European Police Methods:
•English "bobby" foot patrol methods
Northeastern States "Watch and Ward System:"
Watch was nighttime while ward was daytime police.
Criminal Justice and corruption:
As American policing developed in New York, Boston, and Philadelphia, an entire system of criminal justice began to experience corruption
Texas originally ruled by:
During Texas' 100 years as a province of Mexico, Mexican governors reigned over the territory that would later become Texas
Texas Rangers history:
Stephen F. Austin employed a group of militia to protect the settlers from Indian and bandit raids.
This militia became known later as the Texas Rangers.
Watch & Ward System in Texas:
The watch/ward system of police did not evolve in Texas because of its large territory and absence of large
is the statutory authority for the Commission to establish rules that law enforcement agencies and officers must follow.
Reporting Responsibilities of Individuals:
(a) When a person who holds a commission license or certificate is arrested,charged, or indicted for a criminal offense above the grade of Class Cmisdemeanor or for any Class C misdemeanor involving the duties andresponsibilities of office or family violence, that person must report such fact tothe commission in writing within 30 days, including the name of the arrestingagency, the style, court, and cause number of the charge or indictment, if any,and the address to which notice of any commission action will be mailed.(b) A person to whom this section applies must also report to the commission thefinal disposition of the criminal action within 30 days of the effective date of thedisposition.(c) A license holder must report any name change to the commission within 30 days.(d) The effective date of this section is March 1, 2001
The commission shall immediately revoke the license of a person licensed under this chapter who is
convicted of a felony.
(b) The commission shall immediately suspend the license of a person licensed under this chapter who is
charged with a felony and is placed on community supervision regardless of whether the court defers further proceedings without entering an adjudication of guilt.
(c) The commission may reinstate, as provided by commission rules, a license that is suspended under
Subsection (b) when the license holder is released from community supervision
Continuing Education Requirement for Peace Officers:
Each peace officer shall complete at least 40 hours of [a] continuing education programs [program at least] once every 24 months. The commission may suspend the license of a peace officer who fails to comply with this requirement.
Civil Process Constable training:
, the commission shall require the constable or deputy constable to attend at least 20 hours of instruction in civil process
Firearms Proficiency Testing:
Each agency or entity that employs at least two peace officers shall:(1) require each peace officer that it employs to successfully complete thecurrent firearms proficiency requirements at least once each year;(2) designate a firearms proficiency officer to be responsible for thedocumentation of annual firearms proficiency.
Annual Firearms Proficiency Course: Handguns
handguns - a minimum of 50 rounds, including at least five rounds of dutyammunition, fired at ranges from point-blank to at least 15 yards with atleast 20 rounds at or beyond seven yards, including at least one timedreload;
Annual Firearms Proficiency Course: Shotguns
a minimum of five rounds of duty ammunition fired at a rangeof at least 15 yards
Annual Firearms Proficiency Course: Rifles
a minimum of 20 rounds of duty ammunition fired at a range of atleast 100 yards, however an agency may, in its discretion, allow a rangeof less than 100 yards but not less than 50 yards if the minimum passingpercentage is raised to 90;
Annual Firearms Proficiency Course: Fully Automatic Weapons
a minimum of 30 rounds of duty ammunitionfired at ranges from seven to at least 10 yards, including at least onetimed reload, with at least 25 rounds fired in full automatic (short bursts oftwo or three rounds), and at least five rounds fired semi-automatic, ifpossible with the weapon
Minimum passing requirement for firearms:
The minimum passing percentage shall be 70 for each weapon
Active License Renewal:
Active licensees who have met the current legislatively required continuingeducation will have their license(s) automatically renewed on August 31 of eachodd numbered year.(b) The executive director shall notify in writing each active licensee who is in noncompliancewith the current legislatively required continuing education at least 90days prior to expiration. The notice shall be mailed to the licensee and to thelicensee's last appointing agency, if any. The notice shall inform the licensee thatthe license will expire if the licensee does not meet the current legislativelyrequired continuing education by the expiration date. The notice shall also informthe licensee of his or her opportunity to have the license reinstated.(c) In order for an expired license to be reinstated, the licensee must meet thereactivation requirements
Most of the workload of patrol officers and detectives consists of handling crimes that have already been committed,
disturbances in progress, traffic violations, and the lot. The exceptions include crime prevention and narcotics
Relies on limited information mostly from victims, witnesses, and suspects.
Small Claims Court:
when cases involve money matters of $5,000.00 or less and no attorney is required
Staff generally do not want to work
Given the right conditions for employees, their application of physical and mental effort in work is as natural as rest or play. Work is play, offers satisfactions and meaning
strategy that allows the police and community residents to work closely together in new ways to solve the problems of crime, fear of crime, physical and social disorder, and neighborhood decay.
Gender Percentage of Peace Officers;
85.5% male, 14.4% female
Race Percentage of Peace Officers:
8.7% African-American, .3% American Indian, Hispanic 17%, Asian-American .4, Caucasian 73.4%