Charles Dickens, Tale of Two Cities:
"It was the best of times, it was the worst of times."
"A stitch in time saves nine"
"Make hay while the sun shines"
ad hominem argument
People who support capital punishment attack those who oppose it by calling them "soft on crime"
Lord of the Flies (Book)
Pilgrims Progress (Book)
Edgar Allan Poe's Poem Raven:
"On a midnight, dark and dreary, as I pondered weak and weary."
Ishmael stands for the Biblical Ishmael, an outcast
Moby Dick, Chapter "Monkey Rope":
An analogy of human independence.
In the Declaration of Independence, the listing of King George's abuses.
[no example given]
"Tom gave his book to Bob."
Either Tom or Bob could be "his."