a person who takes advantage of a crisis to make money.
a northerner who opposed using force to keep the southern states in the Union.
law that requires people of a certain age to enlist in the military.
the right not to be held in prison without first being charged with a specific crime.
a tax on people's earnings.
a rise in prices and a decrease in the value of money.
rule by the army instead of the elected government.
a slave trade that remained in the Union during the Civil War.
Battle of Shiloh
an 1862 Civil War battle in Tennessee that ended in a Union victory.
Battle of Chancellorsville
an 1863 Civil War battle in Virginia; important victory for the Confederacy.
Battle of Fredericksburg
an 1862 Civil War battle in Virginia; one of the Union's worst defeats.
Battle of Antietam
an 1862 Civil War battle in Maryland.
an ironclad Union warship.
an ironclad warship used by the Confederates to break the Union blockade.
Battle of Bull Run
the first major battle of the Civil War; fought in Virginia in 1861.
to set free.
Lincoln's 1863 declaration freeing slaves in the Confederacy.
54th Massachusetts Regiment
African American unit in the Union Army.
a fort in South Carolina that was the site of an attack by the African American 54th Massachusetts Regiment in 1863.
military blockade or bombardment of an enemy town or position in order to force it to surrender
Battle of Gettysburg
an 1863 Civil War battle in Pennsylvania that ended a Confederate invasion of the North.
failed Confederate charge at the Battle of Gettysburg.
speech made by President Lincoln in 1863 after the Battle of Gettysburg
all-out war that affects civilians at home as well as soldiers in combat.
Appomattox Court House
Virginia town that was the site of the Confederate surrender in 1865.