Chapter 11 and 12 Review Questions

50 terms by hunterjumper00

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

left atrium

The pulmonary veins empty directly into the _____ ____.

oxygenated

The pulmonary veins are unusual because they carry _______ blood.

bicuspid

From the left atrium, blood flows through the ________ valve.

left ventricle

From the left atrium, blood goes to the _____ _______.

aorta

From the left ventricle, the blood is pushed to the ________.

aorta

Many arteries branch from the ______, carrying oxygen rich blood to all parts of the body.

vena cava

The blood that has been pumped throughout the body eventually returns to the heart, entering at either the superior or inferior ______ ______.

right atrium

The vena cava dump deoxygenated blood into the _______ _______.

right ventricle

Blood passes from the right atrium to the ______ _______.

pulmonary trunk

Blood leaves the right ventricle, and goes into the _______ _______, which subsequently branches into arteries that carry deoxygenated blood to the lungs.

left

Blood returns from the lungs and enters the _____ side of the heart.

pulmonary veins

The ________ ________ bring blood back to the heart.

left gastric

The ______ _____ artery supplies the stomach.

intrinsic

The _______ conduction system sets the heart's basic rhythm.

sinoatrial

The ________ node, starts each heart beat and sets the pace for the whole heart.

veins

These drain the tissues and return the blood to the heart.

externa

The outermost layer of a blood vessel is called the tunica _______, its mainly composed of fibrous connective tissue.

media

The middle layer of blood vessels, thats mostly smooth muscle and elastic fibers is called the tunica ________.

intima

The tunica ________, which lines the interior or "lumen" of a blood vessel, is a thin layer of endothelium resting on a basement membrane.

aorta

Blood pressure is highest in the ________.

vena cava

Blood pressure is lowest in the ______ _______.

right atrium

The SA node is located in the ____ ______.

epicardium

The visceral layer of the heart is called the __________, which is actually part of the heart wall.

interventricular septum

The wall that separates the ventricles is called the ______ ______

blood pressure

What is the pressure that blood exerts against the inner walls of the blood vessels called?

peripheral resistance

The amount of friction that blood encounters as it flows through the blood vessels is called ________ ________.

tachycardia

A rapid heart rate over 100 beats per minute is called _________.

isograph

Tissue grafts donated by a genetically identical person - an identical twin - are called what?

autograph

Tissue graft transplanted from one site to another in the same person is called an _________.

skin, mucous membranes

The bodys first line of defense agains disease causing microorganisms would be the ____ and ______ _______.

keratinized

The skins __________ epidermis is a strong physical barrier to most microorganisms that swarm on the skin.

naturally, artificially

Acquired immunity can happen ________ or ________.

active naturally aquired

Having an infection - direct contact with the pathogen - is an example of what form of acquired immunity?

passive naturally aquired

Antibodies passing from mother to fetus via placenta, or infant to mother via breastmilk is what form of immunity?

active artificially aquired

A vaccine of dead or attenuated pathogens is what form of immunity?

passive artificially aquired

An injection of immune serum, gamma globulin, is what form of immunity?

inflammation

Redness, heat, swelling and pain are the four signs of _________.

IgG

This antibody crosses the placenta and provides passive immunity to the fetus.

IgE

This antibody binds to mast cells, triggers the release of histamines.

toward

Lymph flows only _______ the heart.

complement

________ is the chief antibody ammunition used against cellular antigens, such as bacterial of mismatched RBC.

neutralization

________ occurs when antibodies bind to specific sites on bacterial endotoxins. They block the harmful effects of the endotoxin or virus.

agglutination

This type of antigen-antibody reaction occurs when mismatched blood is transfused and is the basis of tests used for blood typing.

precipitation

When antigen-antibody complexes are so large that they settle out of the solution, it is called _____.

MADGE

What women's name helps you remember the 5 immunoglobulin classes?

2nd

Phagocytes are part of the body's ___ line of defense

2nd

NK cells are part of the body's ____ line of defense.

1st

Secretions of the skin and mucous membranes are part of the body's ____ line of defense.

immunity

Resistence to disease is called _______.

lysozyme

Saliva and lacrimal fluid contain ________, an enzyme that destroys bacteria.

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set