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5 Written questions

4 Matching questions

  1. c
  2. b
  3. a
  4. d
  1. a In classical conditioning, the stimulus that is originally neutral in regard to the response to be learned is the:
    a. unconditioned stimulus
    b. unconditioned response
    c. conditioned stimulus
    d. conditioned response
  2. b After owning a car with a manual transmission, Don buys a car with an automatic transmission. when first driving his new car, he keeps reaching for the nonexistent clutch and gear shift. This is a n example of:
    a. acquisition
    b. stimulus generalization
    c. stimulus discrimination
    d. shaping
  3. c Operant conditioning is a type of learning in which:
    a. responses come to be controlled by their consequences
    b. an organism's responding is influenced by the observation of others' behavior
    c. involuntary responses are slowly replaced by voluntary responses
    d. a neutral stimulus acquires the ability to elicit a response that was originally elicited by another stimulus
  4. d In Pavlov's original experiment on classical conditioning, the unconditioned response (UCR) was:
    a. the sound of a tone
    b. salivation elicited by a tone
    c. the presentation of meat powder following a tone
    d. salivation elicited by meat powder

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. When resistance to extinction is high it means that:
    a. responding will continue for a long time after reinforcement is discontinued
    b. responding will taper off quickly when reinforcement is discontinued
    c. responding will fail to show spontaneous recovery following a period of extinction
    d. shaping was done incorrectly when the initial response was acquired
  2. Learning to ride a bicycle is most likely acquired via the process of:
    a. classical conditioning
    b. shaping
    c. spontaneous recovery
    d. innate stimulus release
  3. Simon cringes every time he hears a dentists's drill, even when he is sitting in the waiting room of his dentist's office. In this example, cringing in the waiting room is:
    a. an unconditioned response
    b. a conditioned stimulus
    c. a conditioned response
    d. an unconditioned stimulus
  4. __________ means treating two stimuli alike; __________ means treating two stimuli differently.
    a. Acquisition; extinction
    b. Generalization; discrimination
    c. Extinction; acquisition
    d. Discrimination; generalization
  5. Holly was dancing with her new boyfriend at an Elvis tribute. When the band started playing "Can't Help Falling in Love with you" her boyfriend gave her a long, passionate kiss, which Holly found very enjoyable. Now Holly finds that every time she hears "Can't Help Falling Love with You" on the radio, she becomes a little flushed. In this example, the conditioned stimulus is:
    a. the long , passionate kiss
    b. the song "Can't Help Falling in Love with You"
    c. the enjoyment she experienced after the kiss from her boyfriend
    d. the flushing she experiences when she hears the song on the radio

5 True/False questions

  1. bthe process of selectively reinforcing responses that are closer and closer approximations of some desired response is called:
    a. stimulus discrimination
    b. selection
    c. shaping
    d. step-wise conditioning


  2. cShaquille is a professional basketball player. He never knows for sure which of his shots will result in a basket, but the more shots he takes the more baskets he makes. In this example, Shaquille's shooting is being reinforced on:
    a. a fixed-ratio schedule
    b. a fixed-interval schedule
    c. a variable-ratio schedule
    d. a variable-interval schedule


  3. cIn the LIttle Albert experiment on conditioned emotional responses, the unconditioned stimulus was:
    a. the rabbit
    b. the rat
    c. the loud noise
    d. the fear reaction


  4. dYou are watching a rat pressing a lever in a Skinner box to obtain food pellets. The rat is pressing the lever at a very high rate, and does not stop, even when a food pellet is delivered. In this example, the reinforcement schedule that is in place is most likely:
    a. a fixed-interval schedule
    b. a variable-ratio schedule
    c. a fixed-ratio schedule
    d. a variable-interval schedule


  5. bthe process of selectively reinforcing responses that are closer and closer approximations of some desired response is called:
    a. stimulus discrimination
    b. selection
    c. shaping
    d. step-wise conditioning


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