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5 Written questions

3 Matching questions

  1. b
  2. c
  3. a
  1. a Learning to ride a bicycle is most likely acquired via the process of:
    a. classical conditioning
    b. shaping
    c. spontaneous recovery
    d. innate stimulus release
  2. b Simon cringes every time he hears a dentists's drill, even when he is sitting in the waiting room of his dentist's office. In this example, cringing in the waiting room is:
    a. an unconditioned response
    b. a conditioned stimulus
    c. a conditioned response
    d. an unconditioned stimulus
  3. c When advertisers pair their products with attractive people or enjoyable surroundings, in the hope that the pairings will cause their products to evoke good feelings, they are using principles derived from:
    a. classical conditioning
    b. instrumental conditioning
    c. observational learning
    d. operant conditioning

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. The technique used to teach animals complex tricks, such as teaching pigeons to play ping-pong, is:
    a. respondent conditioning
    b. continuous reinforcement
    c. programming
    d. shaping
  2. In classical conditioning, the stimulus that naturally evokes an unlearned response is the:
    a. conditioned stimulus
    b. unconditioned stimulus
    c. unconditioned reinforcer
    d. conditioned reinforcer
  3. the newest winning numbers in the state lottery are announced on the local television station every Saturday night, at the end of the news hour. people who are watching for the lottery numbers, will have their "watching" reinforced on:
    a. a fixed-ratio schedule
    b. a variable-ratio schedule
    c. a variable-interval schedule
    d. a fixed-interval schedule
  4. In Pavlov's original experiment on classical conditioning, the unconditioned response (UCR) was:
    a. the sound of a tone
    b. salivation elicited by a tone
    c. the presentation of meat powder following a tone
    d. salivation elicited by meat powder
  5. When Diana was three years old she became terrified when the neighbor's budgie bird kept flying near her head. today she is afraid off all birds, including robins, pigeons, and blue jays. Diana's fear illustrates the classical conditioning process of:
    a. instinctive drift
    b. stimulus generalization
    c. stimulus discrimination
    d. negative avoidance

5 True/False questions

  1. bPrimary reinforcers __________, while secondary reinforcers __________.
    a. depend on learning; satisfy biological needs
    b. satisfy biological needs; depend on learning
    c. are associated with classical conditioning; are associated with operant conditioning
    d. are associated with operant conditioning; are associated with classical conditioning

          

  2. aIn general, the longer the delay between a response and reinforcement:
    a. the faster conditioning proceeds
    b. the more effective the reinforcer becomes
    c. the more slowly conditioning proceeds
    d. the more likely it is that stimulus generalization will occur

          

  3. aLearning to tie one's shoes is most likely acquired via the process of:
    a. operant conditioning
    b. reflexive conditioning
    c. spontaneous recovery
    d. classical conditioning

          

  4. aIn general, the longer the delay between a response and reinforcement:
    a. the faster conditioning proceeds
    b. the more effective the reinforcer becomes
    c. the more slowly conditioning proceeds
    d. the more likely it is that stimulus generalization will occur

          

  5. cShaquille is a professional basketball player. He never knows for sure which of his shots will result in a basket, but the more shots he takes the more baskets he makes. In this example, Shaquille's shooting is being reinforced on:
    a. a fixed-ratio schedule
    b. a fixed-interval schedule
    c. a variable-ratio schedule
    d. a variable-interval schedule

          

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