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5 Written questions

4 Matching questions

  1. b
  2. a
  3. d
  4. c
  1. a the newest winning numbers in the state lottery are announced on the local television station every Saturday night, at the end of the news hour. people who are watching for the lottery numbers, will have their "watching" reinforced on:
    a. a fixed-ratio schedule
    b. a variable-ratio schedule
    c. a variable-interval schedule
    d. a fixed-interval schedule
  2. b In classical conditioning, the stimulus that naturally evokes an unlearned response is the:
    a. conditioned stimulus
    b. unconditioned stimulus
    c. unconditioned reinforcer
    d. conditioned reinforcer
  3. c Pavlov found that meat powder placed on a dog's tongue will make the dog salivate. In Pavlov's terms, the meat powder is:
    a. an unconditioned stimulus
    b. an unconditioned response
    c. a conditioned stimulus
    d. a conditioned response
  4. d In the LIttle Albert experiment on conditioned emotional responses, the unconditioned stimulus was:
    a. the rabbit
    b. the rat
    c. the loud noise
    d. the fear reaction

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. The technique used to teach animals complex tricks, such as teaching pigeons to play ping-pong, is:
    a. respondent conditioning
    b. continuous reinforcement
    c. programming
    d. shaping
  2. the process of selectively reinforcing responses that are closer and closer approximations of some desired response is called:
    a. stimulus discrimination
    b. selection
    c. shaping
    d. step-wise conditioning
  3. In Pavlov's original experiment on classical conditioning, the unconditioned response (UCR) was:
    a. the sound of a tone
    b. salivation elicited by a tone
    c. the presentation of meat powder following a tone
    d. salivation elicited by meat powder
  4. You are watching a rat pressing a lever in a Skinner box to obtain food pellets. The rat is pressing the lever at a very high rate, and does not stop, even when a food pellet is delivered. In this example, the reinforcement schedule that is in place is most likely:
    a. a fixed-interval schedule
    b. a variable-ratio schedule
    c. a fixed-ratio schedule
    d. a variable-interval schedule
  5. In general, the longer the delay between a response and reinforcement:
    a. the faster conditioning proceeds
    b. the more effective the reinforcer becomes
    c. the more slowly conditioning proceeds
    d. the more likely it is that stimulus generalization will occur

5 True/False questions

  1. cWhen resistance to extinction is high it means that:
    a. responding will continue for a long time after reinforcement is discontinued
    b. responding will taper off quickly when reinforcement is discontinued
    c. responding will fail to show spontaneous recovery following a period of extinction
    d. shaping was done incorrectly when the initial response was acquired

          

  2. bHolly was dancing with her new boyfriend at an Elvis tribute. When the band started playing "Can't Help Falling in Love with you" her boyfriend gave her a long, passionate kiss, which Holly found very enjoyable. Now Holly finds that every time she hears "Can't Help Falling Love with You" on the radio, she becomes a little flushed. In this example, the conditioned stimulus is:
    a. the long , passionate kiss
    b. the song "Can't Help Falling in Love with You"
    c. the enjoyment she experienced after the kiss from her boyfriend
    d. the flushing she experiences when she hears the song on the radio

          

  3. cAccording to Skinner, a stimulus is a reinforcer if it:
    a. reduces a biological need
    b. induces a biological need
    c. increases the probability of the response that produced it
    d. decreases the probability of the response that produced it

          

  4. aWhen Diana was three years old she became terrified when the neighbor's budgie bird kept flying near her head. today she is afraid off all birds, including robins, pigeons, and blue jays. Diana's fear illustrates the classical conditioning process of:
    a. instinctive drift
    b. stimulus generalization
    c. stimulus discrimination
    d. negative avoidance

          

  5. cSimon cringes every time he hears a dentists's drill, even when he is sitting in the waiting room of his dentist's office. In this example, cringing in the waiting room is:
    a. an unconditioned response
    b. a conditioned stimulus
    c. a conditioned response
    d. an unconditioned stimulus

          

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