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5 Written Questions

3 Matching Questions

  1. d
  2. b
  3. c
  1. a In general, the longer the delay between a response and reinforcement:
    a. the faster conditioning proceeds
    b. the more effective the reinforcer becomes
    c. the more slowly conditioning proceeds
    d. the more likely it is that stimulus generalization will occur
  2. b In a variable-ratio schedule, the reinforcer is given:
    a. after a fixed number of nonreinforced responses
    b. after a variable number of nonreinforced responses
    c. for the first response that occurs after a fixed amount of time has elapsed
    d. for the first response that occurs after a variable amount of time has elapsed
  3. c the newest winning numbers in the state lottery are announced on the local television station every Saturday night, at the end of the news hour. people who are watching for the lottery numbers, will have their "watching" reinforced on:
    a. a fixed-ratio schedule
    b. a variable-ratio schedule
    c. a variable-interval schedule
    d. a fixed-interval schedule

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. If a dog salivates to a blue light and not to a yellow light, the dog is showing evidence of:
    a. spontaneous recovery
    b. conditioned emotional reactions
    c. stimulus generalization
    d. stimulus discrimination
  2. Operant conditioning is a type of learning in which:
    a. responses come to be controlled by their consequences
    b. an organism's responding is influenced by the observation of others' behavior
    c. involuntary responses are slowly replaced by voluntary responses
    d. a neutral stimulus acquires the ability to elicit a response that was originally elicited by another stimulus
  3. Shaquille is a professional basketball player. He never knows for sure which of his shots will result in a basket, but the more shots he takes the more baskets he makes. In this example, Shaquille's shooting is being reinforced on:
    a. a fixed-ratio schedule
    b. a fixed-interval schedule
    c. a variable-ratio schedule
    d. a variable-interval schedule
  4. Holly was dancing with her new boyfriend at an Elvis tribute. When the band started playing "Can't Help Falling in Love with you" her boyfriend gave her a long, passionate kiss, which Holly found very enjoyable. Now Holly finds that every time she hears "Can't Help Falling Love with You" on the radio, she becomes a little flushed. In this example, the conditioned stimulus is:
    a. the long , passionate kiss
    b. the song "Can't Help Falling in Love with You"
    c. the enjoyment she experienced after the kiss from her boyfriend
    d. the flushing she experiences when she hears the song on the radio
  5. In classical conditioning, the stimulus that is originally neutral in regard to the response to be learned is the:
    a. unconditioned stimulus
    b. unconditioned response
    c. conditioned stimulus
    d. conditioned response

5 True/False Questions

  1. cthe process of selectively reinforcing responses that are closer and closer approximations of some desired response is called:
    a. stimulus discrimination
    b. selection
    c. shaping
    d. step-wise conditioning


  2. cSimon cringes every time he hears a dentists's drill, even when he is sitting in the waiting room of his dentist's office. In this example, cringing in the waiting room is:
    a. an unconditioned response
    b. a conditioned stimulus
    c. a conditioned response
    d. an unconditioned stimulus


  3. aWhen advertisers pair their products with attractive people or enjoyable surroundings, in the hope that the pairings will cause their products to evoke good feelings, they are using principles derived from:
    a. classical conditioning
    b. instrumental conditioning
    c. observational learning
    d. operant conditioning


  4. bWhen Diana was three years old she became terrified when the neighbor's budgie bird kept flying near her head. today she is afraid off all birds, including robins, pigeons, and blue jays. Diana's fear illustrates the classical conditioning process of:
    a. instinctive drift
    b. stimulus generalization
    c. stimulus discrimination
    d. negative avoidance


  5. dThe major difference between a CS and a UCS is:
    a. the order in which they are presented
    b. that one reliably elicits the response of interest prior to conditioning while the other does not
    c. that during conditioning the response to one increases while the response to the other decreases
    d. the strength of the response that each stimulus elicits


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