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5 Written questions

4 Matching questions

  1. c
  2. a
  3. d
  4. b
  1. a Pavlov found that meat powder placed on a dog's tongue will make the dog salivate. In Pavlov's terms, the meat powder is:
    a. an unconditioned stimulus
    b. an unconditioned response
    c. a conditioned stimulus
    d. a conditioned response
  2. b In general, the longer the delay between a response and reinforcement:
    a. the faster conditioning proceeds
    b. the more effective the reinforcer becomes
    c. the more slowly conditioning proceeds
    d. the more likely it is that stimulus generalization will occur
  3. c the newest winning numbers in the state lottery are announced on the local television station every Saturday night, at the end of the news hour. people who are watching for the lottery numbers, will have their "watching" reinforced on:
    a. a fixed-ratio schedule
    b. a variable-ratio schedule
    c. a variable-interval schedule
    d. a fixed-interval schedule
  4. d Learning to ride a bicycle is most likely acquired via the process of:
    a. classical conditioning
    b. shaping
    c. spontaneous recovery
    d. innate stimulus release

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. Learning to tie one's shoes is most likely acquired via the process of:
    a. operant conditioning
    b. reflexive conditioning
    c. spontaneous recovery
    d. classical conditioning
  2. __________ means treating two stimuli alike; __________ means treating two stimuli differently.
    a. Acquisition; extinction
    b. Generalization; discrimination
    c. Extinction; acquisition
    d. Discrimination; generalization
  3. The technique used to teach animals complex tricks, such as teaching pigeons to play ping-pong, is:
    a. respondent conditioning
    b. continuous reinforcement
    c. programming
    d. shaping
  4. Operant conditioning is a type of learning in which:
    a. responses come to be controlled by their consequences
    b. an organism's responding is influenced by the observation of others' behavior
    c. involuntary responses are slowly replaced by voluntary responses
    d. a neutral stimulus acquires the ability to elicit a response that was originally elicited by another stimulus
  5. You are watching a rat pressing a lever in a Skinner box to obtain food pellets. The rat is pressing the lever at a very high rate, and does not stop, even when a food pellet is delivered. In this example, the reinforcement schedule that is in place is most likely:
    a. a fixed-interval schedule
    b. a variable-ratio schedule
    c. a fixed-ratio schedule
    d. a variable-interval schedule

5 True/False questions

  1. bthe newest winning numbers in the state lottery are announced on the local television station every Saturday night, at the end of the news hour. people who are watching for the lottery numbers, will have their "watching" reinforced on:
    a. a fixed-ratio schedule
    b. a variable-ratio schedule
    c. a variable-interval schedule
    d. a fixed-interval schedule

          

  2. cIn the LIttle Albert experiment on conditioned emotional responses, the unconditioned stimulus was:
    a. the rabbit
    b. the rat
    c. the loud noise
    d. the fear reaction

          

  3. aWhen advertisers pair their products with attractive people or enjoyable surroundings, in the hope that the pairings will cause their products to evoke good feelings, they are using principles derived from:
    a. classical conditioning
    b. instrumental conditioning
    c. observational learning
    d. operant conditioning

          

  4. cIn classical conditioning, the stimulus that is originally neutral in regard to the response to be learned is the:
    a. unconditioned stimulus
    b. unconditioned response
    c. conditioned stimulus
    d. conditioned response

          

  5. aWhen resistance to extinction is high it means that:
    a. responding will continue for a long time after reinforcement is discontinued
    b. responding will taper off quickly when reinforcement is discontinued
    c. responding will fail to show spontaneous recovery following a period of extinction
    d. shaping was done incorrectly when the initial response was acquired

          

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