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5 Written Questions

2 Matching Questions

  1. a
  2. b
  1. a After owning a car with a manual transmission, Don buys a car with an automatic transmission. when first driving his new car, he keeps reaching for the nonexistent clutch and gear shift. This is a n example of:
    a. acquisition
    b. stimulus generalization
    c. stimulus discrimination
    d. shaping
  2. b When advertisers pair their products with attractive people or enjoyable surroundings, in the hope that the pairings will cause their products to evoke good feelings, they are using principles derived from:
    a. classical conditioning
    b. instrumental conditioning
    c. observational learning
    d. operant conditioning

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. The technique used to teach animals complex tricks, such as teaching pigeons to play ping-pong, is:
    a. respondent conditioning
    b. continuous reinforcement
    c. programming
    d. shaping
  2. Simon cringes every time he hears a dentists's drill, even when he is sitting in the waiting room of his dentist's office. In this example, cringing in the waiting room is:
    a. an unconditioned response
    b. a conditioned stimulus
    c. a conditioned response
    d. an unconditioned stimulus
  3. If a dog salivates to a blue light and not to a yellow light, the dog is showing evidence of:
    a. spontaneous recovery
    b. conditioned emotional reactions
    c. stimulus generalization
    d. stimulus discrimination
  4. According to Skinner, a stimulus is a reinforcer if it:
    a. reduces a biological need
    b. induces a biological need
    c. increases the probability of the response that produced it
    d. decreases the probability of the response that produced it
  5. Primary reinforcers __________, while secondary reinforcers __________.
    a. depend on learning; satisfy biological needs
    b. satisfy biological needs; depend on learning
    c. are associated with classical conditioning; are associated with operant conditioning
    d. are associated with operant conditioning; are associated with classical conditioning

5 True/False Questions

  1. aIn classical conditioning, the stimulus that is originally neutral in regard to the response to be learned is the:
    a. unconditioned stimulus
    b. unconditioned response
    c. conditioned stimulus
    d. conditioned response

          

  2. cWhen Diana was three years old she became terrified when the neighbor's budgie bird kept flying near her head. today she is afraid off all birds, including robins, pigeons, and blue jays. Diana's fear illustrates the classical conditioning process of:
    a. instinctive drift
    b. stimulus generalization
    c. stimulus discrimination
    d. negative avoidance

          

  3. bLearning to ride a bicycle is most likely acquired via the process of:
    a. classical conditioning
    b. shaping
    c. spontaneous recovery
    d. innate stimulus release

          

  4. cWhen Diana was three years old she became terrified when the neighbor's budgie bird kept flying near her head. today she is afraid off all birds, including robins, pigeons, and blue jays. Diana's fear illustrates the classical conditioning process of:
    a. instinctive drift
    b. stimulus generalization
    c. stimulus discrimination
    d. negative avoidance

          

  5. bIn classical conditioning, the stimulus that is originally neutral in regard to the response to be learned is the:
    a. unconditioned stimulus
    b. unconditioned response
    c. conditioned stimulus
    d. conditioned response

          

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