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5 Written questions

4 Matching questions

  1. c
  2. a
  3. d
  4. b
  1. a Learning to tie one's shoes is most likely acquired via the process of:
    a. operant conditioning
    b. reflexive conditioning
    c. spontaneous recovery
    d. classical conditioning
  2. b the newest winning numbers in the state lottery are announced on the local television station every Saturday night, at the end of the news hour. people who are watching for the lottery numbers, will have their "watching" reinforced on:
    a. a fixed-ratio schedule
    b. a variable-ratio schedule
    c. a variable-interval schedule
    d. a fixed-interval schedule
  3. c The major difference between a CS and a UCS is:
    a. the order in which they are presented
    b. that one reliably elicits the response of interest prior to conditioning while the other does not
    c. that during conditioning the response to one increases while the response to the other decreases
    d. the strength of the response that each stimulus elicits
  4. d According to Skinner, a stimulus is a reinforcer if it:
    a. reduces a biological need
    b. induces a biological need
    c. increases the probability of the response that produced it
    d. decreases the probability of the response that produced it

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. Marie works in a dress factory where she earns $10 for each three dresses she hems. Marie is paid on a:
    a. fixed-ratio schedule
    b. variable-ratio schedule
    c. fixed-interval schedule
    d. variable-interval schedule
  2. Holly was dancing with her new boyfriend at an Elvis tribute. When the band started playing "Can't Help Falling in Love with you" her boyfriend gave her a long, passionate kiss, which Holly found very enjoyable. Now Holly finds that every time she hears "Can't Help Falling Love with You" on the radio, she becomes a little flushed. In this example, the conditioned stimulus is:
    a. the long , passionate kiss
    b. the song "Can't Help Falling in Love with You"
    c. the enjoyment she experienced after the kiss from her boyfriend
    d. the flushing she experiences when she hears the song on the radio
  3. The initial stage of learning a response is called:
    a. extinction
    b. contiguity
    c. acquisition
    d. conditioning
  4. In a variable-ratio schedule, the reinforcer is given:
    a. after a fixed number of nonreinforced responses
    b. after a variable number of nonreinforced responses
    c. for the first response that occurs after a fixed amount of time has elapsed
    d. for the first response that occurs after a variable amount of time has elapsed
  5. The technique used to teach animals complex tricks, such as teaching pigeons to play ping-pong, is:
    a. respondent conditioning
    b. continuous reinforcement
    c. programming
    d. shaping

5 True/False questions

  1. bthe process of selectively reinforcing responses that are closer and closer approximations of some desired response is called:
    a. stimulus discrimination
    b. selection
    c. shaping
    d. step-wise conditioning


  2. cJosiah checks his electronic mail several times throughout the day. Some days there is mail each time he checks; sometimes several days go by with no new messages arriving. In this example, Josiah's behavior of checking his electronic mail is being reinforced on:
    a. a variable-interval schedule
    b. a fixed-ratio schedule
    c. a fixed-interval schedule
    d. a variable-ratio schedule


  3. bYou are watching a rat pressing a lever in a Skinner box to obtain food pellets. The rat is pressing the lever at a very high rate, and does not stop, even when a food pellet is delivered. In this example, the reinforcement schedule that is in place is most likely:
    a. a fixed-interval schedule
    b. a variable-ratio schedule
    c. a fixed-ratio schedule
    d. a variable-interval schedule


  4. b__________ means treating two stimuli alike; __________ means treating two stimuli differently.
    a. Acquisition; extinction
    b. Generalization; discrimination
    c. Extinction; acquisition
    d. Discrimination; generalization


  5. cShaquille is a professional basketball player. He never knows for sure which of his shots will result in a basket, but the more shots he takes the more baskets he makes. In this example, Shaquille's shooting is being reinforced on:
    a. a fixed-ratio schedule
    b. a fixed-interval schedule
    c. a variable-ratio schedule
    d. a variable-interval schedule


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