International phonetic alphabet (IPA)
a system for transcribing the sounds of speech; it is independent of any particular language but applicable to all languages
Stanislavsky system (method acting)
individualized, psychological approach to acting
known as sense or affective memory; idea to think back over a certain incident and remember it well enough to relive the accompanying emotions
an actor working from the outside in, concentrating on physical details
technique build on one question: "What would I do if I were this character in these circumstances?"; springboard to imagination
actors have little or no emotional bond with the character,they replace the characters emotions with unrelated but personal emotions of there own
trying to analyze a characters or people for that matter, a good place to start is with the circumstances of their life; their situations, their problems and the limits life has placed on them.
the driving force
conflict not only with other but also with themselves
aka fatal flaw or tragic flaw. an inner flaw that hampers a characters good judgement and leads the character to make unfortunate choices
Actors Equity Association
a union that represents actors
Screen Actors Guild (SAG)
union represents movie and television actors
American Federation of Television and Radio Artists (AFTRA)
affliated with AFL-CIO, union represents talk show host, announcers, singers, disc jockets, newscasters, sports casters, and even stunt people
a loop hole that allows its memeber to work for free in small productions
aka "open call" actors are generally given only aboout one minute to strut their stuff.
a list where actors are allowed to come back for a second and perhaps a third and fourth audition
script: no chance to prepare
directors start rehearsel with cast read aloud seated around a table. director and actors discuss thoughts about characters and motivitations and the play in general. sometimes designers are invited to make presentations on set, lights, and costumes.
series of rehearsels that the director and actore work out the basic movements,"blocking"
general working rehearsals
the director and actors work on individual scenes and consentrate on understanding the characters motivations, emotions, and personalitites.
fight scenes, musical numbers, or dance numbers. or if characters have dialects
off book rehearsals
actors must have lines memorized
actors go through the entire play with few interruptions as possible. gives actors of a feel how the play works
rehearsels with with the lights, sounds, props, and set
final rehearsels; costumes and make up added
final dress rehearsals
last rehearsal before audience invited. play is ran as if it was a real performance
when theater is closed