A nerve cell the receives and conducts electrical impulses from the brain
fatty insulation that covers the axons of some neurons to insulate and help speed neural impulses
Chemicals that neurons release, which affect other neurons (messengers)
An extension of the spinal cord with many nerve fibers passing through it carrying information to and from the brain. responsible for breathing, heartbeat, emesis, and other vital life functions
the cauliflower shaped "little brain" that coordinates fine muscle movement, balance, and some perception and cognition
Helps screen incoming sensory information and controls arousal. you would not be alert or perhaps even conscious without it.
Responsible for regulating drives (hunger, thirst, sex, aggression). the "master control center" for emotions and many basic motives, and it regulates the body's internal environment, including temperature control.
receives and coordinates messages from other three lobes; motor control, speech production, and higher functions (thinking)
receives information about pressure, pain, touch, and temperature, and location of body parts (body sensations)
hearing, language comprehension, memory, and some emotional control (smell)
vision and visual perception, damage can cause blindness (sight)
The primary connection between the two cerebral hemispheres. a thick, ribbon-like band of nerve fibers under the cortex