"passage ways" (physical and poetic) used by the chorus and actors to enter and exit stage
# of actors
usually only 2 or 3 and a chorus
to play several characters
actors wore masks
Festivals and competitions
play performed at religious festivals honoring Dionysus
usually only performed once unless there was a revival
funded by polis (city-state) and it was always a competition.
Structure of Greek Tragedy
Prologue, parados, episode, stasimon, alternating episodes and stasimon, and exodos
a group of 12 or 15 performers who sang and danced odes; represented elders (leading citizens) their spokesman, and the choragos had speaking parts during scenes
they comment on whats going on in the play
gives background info, spoken by one or two
the first song sung by chorus
character/chorus talk, actions
characters leave, chorus sings a reflective ode, which is one of the songs performed between episodes.
last song by the chorus "moral"
purgation; the end goal of tragedy; tragedy arouses the disturbing emotions of pity and fear (eleos, phobos) through drama. a proper purgation or purification of emotion
representation (not exact duplication) of life in tragedy
(first part of plot that brings about the tragic response) reversal of the situation, from apparent good to bad; change which action redirects to its opposite
recognition; change from ignorance to knowledge (2nd part of tragic response)
(3rd part of plot w/ tragic response) "scene of suffering"
error/mistaken judgment where fortunes of hero of a tragedy are reversed. error not necessarily a flaw; possibly result of bad judgment, bad character, ignorance, weakness, accident; must be expressed through definite action or failure to act.