ch 4 - anatomic terms related to joints & muscles

Created by penguin999usa 

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med term

articulation

a joint; the point where two bones come together

bursa

a fibrous sac between certain tendons and bones that is lined with a synovial membrane that secretes synovial fluid

disk

a flat, plate-like structure composed of fibrocartilaginous tissue between the vertebrae that reduces friction

disc

a flat, plate-like structure composed of fibrocartilaginous tissue between the vertebrae that reduces friction

nucleus pulposus

the soft, fibrocartilaginous, central portion of intervertebral disk

ligament

a flexible band of fibrous tissue that connects bone to bone

synovial membrane

membrane lining the capsule of a joint

synovial fluid

joint-lubricating fluid secreted by the synovial membrane

muscle

tissue composed of fibers that can contract, causing movement of an organ or part of the body

striated muscle

voluntary muscle attached to the skeleton

skeletal muscle

...

smooth muscle

involuntary muscle found in internal organs

cardiac muscle

muscle of the heart

origin of a muscle

muscle end attached to the bone that does not move when the muscle contracts

insertion of a muscle

muscle end attached to the bone that moves when the muscle contracts

tendon

a band of fibrous tissue that connects muscle to bone

fascia

a band or sheet of fibrous connective tissue that covers, supports, and separates muscle

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