Monies that are budgeted on a yearly basis; for example Congress may set yearly limits on what agencies can spend.
A legislative grant of money to finance a government program.
Legislative permission to begin or continue a government program or agency.
Refers to the tendency of agencies to grow without regard to the benefits their programs confer or the costs they entail.
A large, complex organization composed of appointed officials.
The right of committees to disapprove of certain agency actions.
Appointment of officials based on the selection criteria devised by the employing agency and OPM.
Department of Homeland Security
A proposal by president Bush in 2002 which would consolidate 22 federal agencies and nearly 170,000 employees.
The ability of officials to make policies that are not spelled out in advance of the laws.
Appointment of officials no based on the criteria specified by the OPM.
The mutually advantageous relationship between an agency, a committee, and an interest group.
Groups that regularly debate governmental policy on subjects such as health care or auto safety.
A freely competitive economy.
A requirement that an executive decision lie before Congress for a specified period before it takes effect.
A job to be filled by a person whom a government agency has identified by name.
National Performance Review
A 1993 effort led by VP Al Gore, to make the bureaucracy work better and cost less.
Governmental appointments made on the basis of political considerations.
Legislation that beganthe federal merit system.
Complex bureacratic rules and procedures that must be followed to get something done.
Government jobs having a confidential or policy-making character.
Senior Executive Service
Top Ranking civil servants who can be hired, fired. and rewarded in a more flexible manner than can ordinary bureaucrats.
The practice of giving the fruits of a party's victory, such as jobs and contracts, to the loyal members of that party.
Funds such as Social Security that operate outside the government budget.
Executive agency responsible for enforcing the laws pertaining to certain industries.
Person who works in the bureaucracy.
Federal Reserve Board
Best known regulatory board because its policies directly affect the buying power of the public. Regulates banks, raises and lowers interest rates, and regulates the amount of money in the economy.
Civil service system
The office of Personnel Management acts as the bureaucracy's employment agency and hires based on merit.
Department of Defense
Largest department in the federal bureaucracy.
Number of executive branch departments in the federal bureaucracy.
Approximate number of bureaucrats who are salaried employees of the federal government.
Secretary of the department
Each of the 15 executive branch departments has a head appointed by the president and confirmed by the Senate.
Bureaus, offices, or services
Smaller units of burecratic departments such as the IRS (Treasury), INS (Homeland Security)
Environmental Protection Agency (1970)
Created to enforce environmental laws passed by Congress. Enforces clear air, water, and the endangered species act.
Federal Trade Commision
Regulatory agency that prevents fraud in the marketplace by preventing price fixing and deceptive advertising
Securities and Exchange Commission
Protects investors by regulating stock markets and policing corporations to prevent false or misleading claims of profits in an effort to increase stock prices.
Food and Drug Administration
Responsible for inspecting the food supply for contaminants and spoilage. Also responsible for regulating the sale of over the counter drugs and patent medicine.
Cross between private business and government agency. The Post office, Amtrak, and PBS. All raise money on their own but often need government subsidies.