known as the bread colonies because they produced an abundance of grain
most famous sermon was "Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God"; colonial America's foremost theologian
sparsely populated land on the edge of a settlement
the name of the great revival of the 1700's in America
King of Great Britain 1760 to 1820; tried to bring the colonists into subjection
Seven Years' War
another name for the French and Indian War
Why were the New England colonies poorly suited for agriculture?
long winters, a short growing season, and rocky terrain
the idea that the colonists should supply English factories with raw materials and then buy the goods they produced
a renowned Boston silversmith remembered for his midnight ride to warn the colonists in Lexington and Concord that British troops were coming (1735-1818)
1st professional musician and composer born in America (founded singing schools)
1706-90, American statesman, diplomat, author, scientist, and inventor. He encouraged the founding of public libraries.
Puritan theologian, who urged the inoculation against smallpox.
mathematician, natural historian, and astronomer who built an all-wood clock
1588-1649 First governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1630.
Act passed in 1766 just after the repeal of the Stamp Act. Said the colonies were "subordinate" to England.
Proclamation of 1763
law forbidding colonists to settle west of the Appalachian mountains; made all previous land grants null and void
March 24, 1765 - Required the colonials to provide food, lodging, and supplies for the British troops in the colonies.
Law passed by Parliament in 1765 that taxed printed materials and legal documents in the 13 Colonies
the period including the founding of Jamestown in 1607 to the outbreak of the American Revolution in 1775
wrote the first classical musical in America
a paddle-shaped board that contained the alphabet and Lord's Prayer
School not founded by a religious denomination
a leader in America's Great Awakening; preached to crowds of up to 20,000 people
the French name for the English fort they captured at the beginning of the French and Indian War
led the British troops in the French and Indian War
best-known missionary to the Indians
organized the Methodist denomination in England
natural pass in the Appalachian Mountains that allowed settlers to travel west
New England Primer
most widely used textbook in colonial america
a person who works for an expert in a trade or craft in return for training
Poor Richard's Almanac
A popular almanac, written by Benjamin Franklin, containing meteorological and astronomical information, proverbs, sound advice, and good humor
title given to the chief executive officer of a colony
the local militia unit led by George Washington
French and Indian War
the war that helped prepare the colonists for the War for Independence by uniting them in defense of their homes and families
a craftsman who shod horses and forged tools, farm implements and wagon parts
What were the 3 types of colonial government?
royal colonies, proprietary colonies, and self-governing colonies
governed by the king, including Virginia, North Carolina and Georgia
the king granted a tract of land to a nobleman, including Pennsylvania, Maryland and Delaware
governed their own affairs, including Rhode Island and Connecticut
Poor Richard's Almanac
A popular almanac, written by Benjamin Franklin.
A tax that the British Parliament placed on newspapers and legal documents sold in the American Colonies
led the "Green Mountain Boys" to take over Fort Ticonderoga
Olive Branch Petition
attempt by the Continental Congress to reconcile the colonies with the king
Proclamation of 1763
law forbidding colonists to settle west of the Appalachian Mountains
Checks and Balance
The system that ensures none of the 3 branches of government has too much power
American patriot who became a traitor and helped the British in the War for Independence
So help me, God
last words of Washington's oath to office
The 1st Permanent European settlement in the US
a soldier of the American Revolution who was hanged as a spy by the British, famous quote:, "i only regret that i have but one life to lose for my country"
First college in New World. Established by Puritans to train ministers.
First permanent English settlement in North America
Ponce de Leon
meeting place for the Second Continental Congress
nailed the 95 theses to the church door in Wittenburg and sparked the Protestant Reformation
Vice President under George Washington; second American President; father of American Conservatism
Dr. Samuel Prescott
One of the riders who helped Paul Revere spread the word about the British advancement
the name given to the President's advisers
patriot who declared "Give me liberty or give me death"
Boston Port Bill
Closed Boston Harbor temporarily
first Secretary of the Treasury
laid out the original plans for Washington DC
candidate for the Democratic-Republican party in 1796; 3rd American president; 1st Secretary of State
father of the Constitution
earned the nickname"Light-Horse Harry" because of his cavalry victories.
best known missionary to the Indians
great American intellect and theologian; best known for Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God
wrote History of Plymouth Plantation, Governor of Plymouth Colony
famous for his "singing schools"
government divided between national and state powers; how the United States was founded
how he Americans disguised themselves int he Boston Tea Party
German soldiers hired by George III to smash Colonial rebellion, proved good in mechanical sense but they were more concerned about money than duty.
1792-1816. Formed by Alexander Hamilton. Controlled the government until 1801. Wanted strong nationalistic government. Opposed by Democratic Republicans.
great revival that swept across America in the18th century
the year the Protestant Reformation began
Marquis de Lafayette
French soldier who served under George Washington in the American Revolution (1757-1834)
shot heard round the world
The first shot fired of the Revolutionary War at Lexington and Concord when a group of armed minutemen confronted a British column.
A battle that took place in New York where the Continental Army defeated the British. It proved to be the turning point of the war.
Place where Washington's army spent the winter of 1777-1778
1st major battle of the War for Independence (Revolutionary War)
The last major battle of the war in which Charles Cornwallis surrendered to George Washington. The French helped us. The war was over, and colonists had won!
the nickname given to Francis Marion because of his clever guerilla warfare
the famous pamphlet by Thomas Paine that promoted the patriot cause
July 4, 1776
the day the Declaration of Independence was adopted by the Continental Congress
Treaty of Paris
the peace treaty that ended the American Revolution (War for Independence)
Bill of Rights
the first 10 amendments to the Constitution
John Paul Jones
American naval commander in the American Revolution (1747-1792); famous for saying "I have not yet begun to fight"
New England Primer
the most widely-read textbook in colonial America
What are some weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation?
9 states had to approve a measure before it could be passed by Congress; all 13 states had to approve a bill to amend the Articles; the central government had no executive or judicial branches; Congress lacked the power to tax and perform other essential duties
Name the 3 branches of government and describe the function of each
Legislative-- makes laws; Executive-- enforces laws; Judicial-- interprets laws.