Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

what is the adversarial process

Lawyers for each side represent their clients' best intersts in presenting evidence and formulating arguments as a means to discover the truth and protect the rights of defendants

how many members make up the jury in most states

six

what are the roles of the prosecutor

- trial counsel for police
- house couensel for police
- representative of the court
- elected official

probable cause

an amount of reliable information indicating that it is more likely than not that evidence will be found in a specific location or that a specific person is guilty of a crime

Voir Dire

Challenge four cause- a prospective juror is removed for showing bias or some other legal disability

Peremptory challenge- a prospective juror is removed without attorneys giving any reason

specific deterrence

yourself is used to deter punishment

general deterrence

a whole group of people are used to deter punishment

discovery

a prosecutors pretrial disclosure to the defense of facts and evidence to be introduced

alternatives to bail

-citation
-release on recognizance
-percentage bail
-bail guidelines
-preventive detention

citation

a written order directing an alleged offender to appear in court at a specific time to anser a criminal charge

Release on Recognizance (ROR)

pretrial release granted on the defendants promise to apper in court

precentage bail

-defendants may deposit a percentage of the full bail with the court
-the full amount of bail is required if the defendant fails to appear
-the percentage of bail is returned after disposition

bail guidelines

specify the standards judges should use in setting bail and also list appropriate amounts

preventative detention

holding a defendant for trial, based on a judges finding that if the defendant were released on bail, he or she would endanger the safety of others or would flee

furman v georgia

the death penalty, as administered, constitutes cruel and unusual punishment

gregg v georgia

death penalty laws are constitutional if they require the judge and jury consider certain mitigating and aggravating circumstances in deciding which convicted murderers should be sentenced to death.

Mcclesky v kemp

the supreme court rejects a challenge of georgias death penalty on grounds of racial discrimination

roper v simmons

execution of offenders for crimes commited while under the age of 18 is unconstitutional

habeas corpus

a writ or judicial order requesting the release of a persong being detained in a jail, a prison, or mental hospital. If a judge finds the person being help improperly, the writ is granted and the person is released.

nolle prosequi

an entry, made by a prosecutor on the record of a case and announced in court, indicating that the charges are specified will not be prosecuted. In effect, the charges are thereby dismissed.

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set