Patient Care - Cypress

127 terms by jaholland1983

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

Patient care questions for the ARRT exam.

1) Which of the following statements is correct with regard to assisting a patient from a wheelchair to an x-ray table?

A. The patient's stronger side should be closer to the x-ray table.
B. The patient's weaker side should be closer to the x-ray table.
C. The wheelchair should directly face the x-ray table.
D. The wheelchair should be parallel with the x-ray table.

A. The patient's stronger side should be closer to the x-ray table.

2) Sanction/injunction by the ARRT can result from:
1. conviction of a felony.
2. failing to shield a patient.
3. interpreting images and providing the patient with that information.

A. 1 only
B. 1 and 2 only
C. 2 and 3 only
D. 1, 2, and 3

A. 1 only

3) For medicolegal reasons, radiographic images are required to include all the following information except

A. the patient's name and/or identification number.
B. the patient's birth date.
C. a right- or left-side marker.
D. the date of the examination.

B. the patient's birth date.

4) A radiographer who discloses confidential information to unauthorized individuals could be found guilty of

A. invasion of privacy.
B. slander.
C. libel.
D. defamation.

A. invasion of privacy.

5) An iatragenic infection is one caused by

A. physician intervention.
B. blood-borne pathogens.
C. chemotherapy.
D. infected droplets.

A. physician intervention.

6) Which of the following instructions should be given to a patient following a barium sulfate contrast examination?
1. Increase fluid and fiber intake for several days.
2. Changes in stool color will occur until all barium has been evacuated.
3. Contact a physician if no bowel movement occurs in 24 hours.

A. 1 only
B. 2 only
C. 1 and 3 only
D. 1, 2, and 3

D. 1, 2, and 3.

7) Logrolling is a method of moving patients with suspected

A. head injury
B. spinal injury
C. bowel obstruction
D. extremity fracture

B. spinal injury.

8) A patient will be required to ingest barium sulfate suspension in order to demonstrate which of the following structures?
1. Duodenum
2. Pylorus
3. Ilium

A. 1 only
B. 1 and 2 only
C. 2 and 3 only
D. 1, 2, and 3

B. 1 and 2 only.

9) The normal average rate of respiration for a healthy adult patient is

A. 5 to 7 breaths/min.
B. 8 to 12 breaths/min.
C. 12 to 20 breaths/min.
D. 20 to 30 breaths/min.

C. 12 to 20 breaths/min.

10) Examples of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) include
1. bronchitis
2. pulmonary emphysema
3. asthma

A. 1 only
B. 1 and 2 only
C. 2 and 3 only
D. 1, 2, and 3

D. 1, 2, and 3

11) Administration of contrast agents for radiographic demonstration of the spinal canal is performed by which of the following parenteral routes?

A. Subcutaneous
B. Intravenous
C. Intramuscular
D. Intrathecal

D. Intrathecal

12) All the following are central venous lines except

A. a Port-a-Cath.
B. a peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC).
C. a Swan-Ganz catheter.
D. a Salem-sump.

D. a Salem-sump.

13) Which of the following can be transmitted via infected blood?
1. Tuberculosis (TB)
2. Acquired immune-deficiency syndrome (AIDS)
3. Hepatitis B virus (HBV)

A. 1 only
B. 1 and 2 only
C. 2 and 3 only
D. 1, 2, and 3

C. 2 and 3 only.

14) The mechanical device used to correct an ineffectual cardiac rhythm is a

A. defibrillator.
B. cardiac monitor.
C. crash cart.
D. resuscitation bag.

A. defibrillator.

15) You have encountered a person who is apparently unconscious. Although you open his airway, there is no rise and fall of the chest, and you can hear no breath sounds. You should

A. begin mouth-to-mouth rescue breathing, giving two full breaths.
B. proceed with the Heimlich maneuver.
C. begin external chest compressions at a rate of 80 to 100 compressions/min.
D. begin external chest compressions at a rate of at least 100 compressions/min.

A. begin mouth-to-mouth rescue breathing, giving two full breaths.

16) In classifying intravenous (IV) contrast agents, the total number of dissolved particles in solution per kilogram of water defines

A. osmolality.
B. toxicity.
C. viscosity.
D. miscibility.

A. osmolality.

17) Each of the following is an example of a fomite except

A. a doorknob.
B. a mouse.
C. a spoon.
D. an x-ray table.

B. a mouse.

19) The legal doctrine respondeat superior means which of the following?

A. A matter settled by precedent.
B. A thing or matter settled by justice.
C. The thing speaks for itself.
D. Let the master answer.

D. Let the master answer.

20) The usual patient preparation for an upper gastrointestinal (GI) examination is

A. NPO 8 hours before the examination.
B. light breakfast only on the morning of the examination.
C. clear fluids only on the morning of the examination.
D. 2 ounces of castor oil and enemas until clear.

A. NPO 8 hours before the examination.

21) Conditions in which there is a lack of normal bone calcification include
1. rickets.
2. osteomalacia.
3. osteoarthritis.

A. 1 only
B. 1 and 2 only
C. 2 and 3 only
D. 1, 2, and 3

B. 1 and 2 only

22) Particulate matter entering the respiratory bronchi can cause

A. emphysema.
B. empyema.
C. pneumothorax.
D. pneomoconiosis.

D. pneumoconiosis.

23) Anaphylactic shock manifests early sumptoms that include
1. dysphagia.
2. itching of palms and soles.
3. constriction of the throat.

A. 1 only
B. 2 only
C. 2 and 3 only
D. 1, 2, and 3

D. 1, 2, and 3

24) The legal document or individual authorized to make an individual's health care decisions, should the individual be unable to make them for himself or herself, is the
1. advance health care directive.
2. living will.
3. health care proxy.

A. 1 only
B. 1 and 2 only
C. 2 and 3 only
D. 1, 2, and 3

D. 1, 2, and 3

25) In which stage of infection do the infective microbes begin to multiply?

A. Latent period.
B. Incubation period.
C. Disease phase.
D. Convalescent phase.

B. Incubation period.

26) When performing cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) on an infant, it is required that the number of compressions per minute, compared with that for an adult,

A. remain the same.
B. double.
C. decrease.
D. increase.

D. increase

27) All the following statements regarding hand washing and skin care are correct except

A. hands should be washed after each patient examination.
B. faucets should be opened and closed with paper towels.
C. hands should be smooth and free from chapping.
D. any cracks or abrasions should be left uncovered to facilitate healing.

D. any cracks or abrasions should be left uncovered to facilitate healing. FALSE!

28) A patient whose systolic blood pressure in consistently greater than 140 mmHg usually is considered

A. hypertensive.
B. hypotensive.
C. average/normal.
D. baseline.

A. hypertensive.

29) When a patient arrives in the radiology department with a urinary Foley catheter bag, it is important to

A. place the drainage bag above the level of the bladder.
B. place the drainage bag at the same level as the bladder.
C. place the drainage bag below the level of the bladder.
D. clamp the Foley catheter.

C. place the drainage bag below the level of the bladder.

30. Instruments required to assess vital signs include
1. a stethoscope.
2. a sphygmomanometer.
3. a watch with a second hand.

A. 1 only
B. 1 and 2 only
C. 1 and 3 only
D. 1, 2, and 3

D. 1, 2, and 3

31) Hirschprung disease, or congential megacolon, is related to which of the following age groups?

A. Neonate
B. Toddler
C. Adolescent
D. Adult

A. Neonate

32) Possible side effects of an iodinated contrast medium that is administered intravenously include all the following except
1. a warm, flushed feeling
2. altered taste
3. rash and hives

A. 1 only
B. 1 and 2 only
C. 2 and 3 only
D. 1, 2, and 3

B. 1 and 2 only

33) In the blood pressure reading 145/75 mmHg. What does the 145 represent?
1. The phase of relaxation of the cardiac muscle tissues.
2. The phase of contraction of the cardiac muscle tissue.
3. A higher-than-average diastolic pressure.

A. 1 only
B. 2 only
C. 1 and 3 only
D. 2 and 3 only

B. 2 only

34) Facsimile transmission of health information is
1. not permitted
2. permitted for urgently needed patient care.
3. permitted for third-party payer hospitalization certification.

A. 1 only
B. 2 only
C. 2 and 3 only
D. 1, 2, and 3

C. 2 and 3 only

35) Forms of intentional misconduct include
1. slander
2. invasion of privacy
3. negligence

A. 1 only
B. 2 only
C. 1 and 2 only
D. 1, 2, and 3

C. 1 and 2 only

36) When a patient with one strong side and one weak side is being assisted onto an x-ray table, the radiographer should

A. position the weaker side closer to the table.
B. position the stronger side closer to the table.
C. let the patient manage without assistance.
D. lift the patient carefully onto the table.

B. position the stronger side closer to the table.

37) In her studies on death and dying, Dr. Elizabeth Kubler-Ross described the first stage of the grieving process as

A. denial
B. anger
C. bargaining
D. depression

A. denial

38) You and a fellow radiographer have received an unconscious patient from a motor vehicle accident. As you perform the examination, it is important that you
1. refer to the patient by name.
2. make only those statements that you would make with a conscious patient.
3. reassure the patient about what you are doing.

A. 1 only
B. 1 and 2 only
C. 2 and 3 only
D. 1, 2, and 3

D. 1, 2, and 3

39) A cathartic is used to

A. inhibit coughing.
B. promote elimination of urine.
C. stimulate defecation.
D. induce vomiting.

C. stimulate defecation.

40) When radiographing the elderly, it is helpful to
1. move quickly.
2. address them by their full name.
3. give straightforward instructions.

A. 1 only
B. 1 and 2 only
C. 2 and 3 only
D. 1, 2, and 3

C. 2 and 3 only

41) What is the needle angle usually recommended for intravenous injections?

A. 90 degrees
B. 75 degrees
C. 45 degrees
D. 15 degrees

D. 15 degrees

42) How should the wheelchair footrests be positioned as a patient is assisted into or out of a wheelchair?

A. Accessible to the foot
B. Moved aside
C. Parallel to the floor
D. Available for support

B. Moved aside.

43) When caring for a patient with an IV line, the radiographer should keep the medication

A. 18 to 20 inches above the level of the vein.
B. 18 to 20 inches below the level of the vein.
C. 28 to 30 inches above the level of the vein.
D. 28 to 30 inches below the level of the vein.

A. 18 to 20 inches above the level of the vein.

44) Which of the following may be used to effectively reduce the viscosity of contrast media?

A. Warming
B. Refrigeration
C. Storage at normal room temperature
D. Storage in a cool, dry place

A. Warming

45) The type of shock often associated with pulmonary embolism or myocardial infarction is classified as

A. neurogenic
B. cardiogenic
C. hypovolemic
D. septic

B. cardiogenic

46) Which of the following must be included in a patient's medical record or chart?
1. Diagnostic and therapeutic orders
2. Medical history
3. Informed consent

A. 1 and 2 only
B. 1 and 3 only
C. 2 and 3 only
D. 1, 2, and 3

D. 1, 2, and 3

47) What type of precautions prevents the spread of infectious agents in droplet form?

A. Contact precautions
B. Airborne precautions
C. Protective isolation
D. Strict isolation

B. Airborne precautions

48) Which of the following conditions must be met in order for patient consent to be valid?
1. The patient must sign the consent form before receiving sedation.
2. The physician named on the consent form must perform the procedure.
3. All the blanks on the consent form must be filled in before the patient signs the form.

A. 1 and 2 only
B. 1 and 3 only
C. 2 and 3 only
D. 1, 2, and 3

D. 1, 2, and 3

49) The Heimlich maneuver is used if a patient is

A. in cardiac arrest
B. choking
C. having a seizure
D. suffering from hiccups

B. choking

50) Which of the following is a violation of correct sterile technique?

A. Gowns are considered sterile in the front down to the waist, including the arms.
B. Sterile gloves must be kept above the waist level.
C. Persons in sterile dress should pass each other face to face.
D. A sterile field should not be left unattended.

C. Persons in sterile dress should pass each other face to face. FALSE!

51) Which of the following legal phrases defines a circumstance in which both the health care provider's and the patient's actions contributed to an injurious outcome?

A. Intentional misconduct
B. Contributory negligence
C. Gross negligence
D. None of the above

B. Contributory negligence

52) What is the correct treatment for extravasation of contrast media during an IV injection?

A. Apply a hot compress.
B. Apply a cold compress.
C. Apply pressure to the vein until bleeding stops.
D. Remove the needle and locate a sturdier vein immediately.

C. Apply pressure to the vein until bleeding stops.

53) Which of the following diastolic pressure readings might indicate hypertension?

A. 40 mmHg
B. 60 mmHg
C. 80 mmHg
D. 100 mmHg

D. 100 mmHg

54) To reduce the back strain that can result from moving heavy objects, the radiographer should

A. hold the object away from his or her body when lifting.
B. bend at the waist and pull.
C. pull the object.
D. push the object.

C. pull the object.

55) A small container holding several doses of medication is termed

A. an ampule.
B. a vial.
C. a bolus.
D. a carafe

B. a vial.

56) If an emergency trauma patient experiences hemorrhaging from a leg injury, the radiographer should
1. apply the pressure to the bleeding site.
2. call the emergency department for assistance.
3. apply a pressure bandage and complete the examination.

A. 1 and 2 only
B. 1 and 3 only
C. 2 and 3 only
D. 1, 2, and 3

A. 1 and 2 only

57) Gas-producing powder or crystals usually are ingested preliminary to which of the following examinations?

A. Double-contrast barium enema (BE)
B. Double-contrast GI series
C. Oral cholecystogram
D. IV urogram

B. Double-contrast GI series

58) Which ethical principle is related to sincerity and truthfulness?

A. Beneficence
B. Autonomy
C. Veracity
D. Fidelity

C. Veracity

59) When disposing of contaminated needles, they are placed in a special container using what procedure?

A. Recap the needle, remove the syringe, and dispose of the needle.
B. Do not recap the needle, remove the syringe, and dispose of the needle.
C. Recap the needle and dispose of the entire syringe.
D. Do not recap the needle and dispose of the entire syringe.

D. Do not recap the needle and dispose of the entire syringe.

60) You are working in the outpatient department and receive a patient who is complaining of pain in the right hip joint; however, the requisition asks for a left femur examination. What should you do?

A. Perform a right hip examination.
B. Perform a left femur examination.
C. Perform both a right hip and a left femur examination.
D. Check with the referring physician.

D. Check with the referring physician.

61) You receive an ambulatory patient for a GI series. As the patient is being seated on the x-ray table, he feels faint. You should
1. lay the patient down on the x-ray table.
2. elevate the patient's legs or place the table slightly Trendelenburg.
3. leave quickly and call for help.

A. 1 only
B. 1 and 2 only
C. 1 and 3 only
D. 1, 2, and 3

B. 1 and 2 only

62) Which of the following examinations require(s) restriction of a patient's diet?
1. Barium enema
2. Pyelogram
3. Metastatic survey

A. 1 only
B. 1 and 2 only
C. 1 and 3 only
D. 2 and 3 only

B. 1 and 2 only

63) The radiographer must perform which of the following procedures prior to entering a contact isolation room with a mobile x-ray unit?
1. Put on gown and gloves only.
2. Put on gown, gloves, mask, and cap.
3. Clean the mobile x-ray unit.

A. 1 only
B. 2 only
C. 1 and 3 only
D. 2 and 3 only

A. 1 only

64) Examples of nasogastric tubes include
1. Swan-Ganz
2. Salem-sump
3. Levin

A. 1 and 2 only
B. 1 and 3 only
C. 2 and 3 only
D. 1, 2, and 3

C. 2 and 3 only

65) Accidental injection of medication or contrast medium into tissues around a vein is termed

A. extravasation
B. hematoma
C. venipuncture
D. collateral circulation

A. extravasation

66) The most effective method of sterilization is

A. dry heat
B. moist heat
C. pasteurization
D. freezing

B. moist heat

67) The condition is which pulmonary alveoli lose their elasticity and become permanently inflated, causing the patient to consciously exhale, is

A. bronchial asthma
B. bronchitis
C. emphysema
D. tuberculosis

C. emphysema

68) Chest drainage systems should always be kept
1. below the level of the patient's chest.
2. above the patient's chest.
3. at the level of the patient's diaphragm.

A. 1 only
B. 1 and 2 only
C. 2 and 3 only
D. 1, 2, and 3

A. 1 only

69) What venous device can be used for a patient requiring intravenous injections at frequent or regular intervals?

A. Butterfly needle
B. Heparin lock
C. IV infusion
D. Hypodermic needle

B. Heparin lock

70) Nitroglycerin is used

A. to relieve pain from angina pectoris.
B. to prevent a heart attack.
C. as a vasoconstrictor.
D. to increase blood pressure.

A. to relieve pain from angina pectoris.

71) In which of the following situations should a radiographer wear protective eye gear (goggles)?
1. When performing an upper GI radiographic examination.
2. When assisting the radiologist during an angiogram.
3. When assisting the radiologist in a biopsy/aspiration procedure

A. 1 and 2 only
B. 1 and 3 only
C. 2 and 3 only
D. 1, 2, and 3

C. 2 and 3 only.

72) In reviewing a patient's blood chemistry, which of the following blood urea nitrogen (BUN) ranges is considered normal?

A. 0.6 to 1.5 mg/100 mL
B. 4.5 to 6 mg/100 mL
C. 8 to 25 mg/100 mL
D. Up to 50 mg/100 mL

C. 8 to 25 mg/100 mL

73) A quantity of medication introduced intravenously over a period of time is termed

A. an IV push
B. an infusion
C. a bolus
D. a hypodermic

B. an infusion

74) All the following are forms of mechanical obstruction seen in neonates or infants except

A. paralytic ileus
B. meconium ileus
C. volvulus
D. intussusception

A. paralytic ileus

75) In what order should the following examinations be performed?
1. Upper GI series
2. IV urogram
3. Barium enema

A. 3, 1, 2
B. 1, 3, 2
C. 2, 1, 3
D. 2, 3, 1

D. 2, 3, 1

76) A magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) procedure is contraindicated for a patient who has

A. a herniated disk
B. aneurysm clips
C. dental fillings
D. subdural bleeding.

B. aneurysm clips

77) An inanimate object that has been in contact with an infectious micoorganism is termed a

A. vector
B. fomite
C. host
D. resevoir

B. fomite

78) The advantages of using non-ion, water-soluble contrast media include
1. cost-containment benefits
2. low toxicity
3. fewer adverse reactions

A. 1 only
B. 1 and 2 only
C. 2 and 3 only
D. 1, 2, and 3

C. 2 and 3 only

79) Types of inflammatory bowel disease include
1. ulcerative colitis
2. Crohn disease
3. intussusception

A. 1 only
B. 1 and 2 only
C. 2 and 3 only
D. 1, 2, and 3

B. 1 and 2 only

80) Which of the following statements is (are) true regarding a two-member team performing mobile radiography on a patient with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) precautions?
1. One radiographer remains "clean"-that is, he or she has no physical contact with the patient.
2. The radiographer who positions the mobile unit also makes the exposure.
3. The radiographer who positions the cassette also retrieves the cassette and removes it from its plastic cover.

A. 1 and 2 only
B. 1 and 3 only
C. 2 and 3 only
D. 1, 2, and 3

A. 1 and 2 only

81) Symptoms associated with a respiratory reaction to contrast media include
1. sneezing
2. hoarseness
3. wheezing

A. 1 and 2 only
B. 1 and 3 only
C. 2 and 3 only
D. 1, 2, and 3

D. 1, 2, and 3

82) While in your care for a radiologic procedure, a patient asks to see his chart. Which of the following is the appropriate response?

A. Inform the patient that the chart is for health care providers to view, not for the patient.
B. Inform the patient that you do not know where the chart is.
C. Inform the patient that he has the right to see his chart but that he should request to view it with his physician so that it is interpreted properly.
D. Give the patient the chart and leave him alone for a few minutes to review it.

C. Inform the patient that he has the right to see his chart but that he should request to view it with his physician so that it is interpreted properly.

83) Skin discoloration owing to cyanosis may be observed in the
1. gums
2. earlobes
3. tongue

A. 1 only
B. 1 and 2 only
C. 3 only
D. 1, 2, and 3

B. 1 and 2 only

85) While performing mobile radiography on a patient, you note that the requisition is for a chest image to check placement of a Swan-Ganz catheter. A Swan-Ganz catheter is a(n)

A. pacemaker
B. chest tube
C. IV catheter
D. urinary catheter

C. IV catheter

86) The medical term for hives is

A. vertigo
B. epistaxis
C. urticaria
D. aura

C. urticaria

87) Blood pressure is measured in units of

A. millimeters of mercury (mmHg)
B. beats per minute
C. degrees Fahrenheit
D. liters per minute (L/min)

A. millimeters of mercury (mmHg)

88) Which blood vessels are best suited for determination of pulse rate?

A. Superficial arteries
B. Deep arteries
C. Superficial veins
D. Deep veins

A. Superficial arteries

89) According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), all the following precaution guidelines are true except

A. airborne precautions require that the patient wear a mask
B. masks are indicated when caring for patients on MRSA precautions
C. patients under MRSA precautions require a negative-pressure room.
D. gloves are indicated when caring for a patient on droplet precautions.

C. patients under MRSA precautions require a negative-pressure room.

90) The medical term for congenital clubfoot is

A. coxa plana
B. osteochondritis
C. talipes
D. muscular dystrophy

C. talipes

91) The pain experienced by an individual whose coronary arteries are not conveying sufficient blood to the heart is called

A. tachycardia
B. bradycardia
C. angina pectoris
D. syncope

C. angina pectoris

92) Hypochlorite bleach (Clorox) and Lysol are examples of

A. antiseptics
B. bacteriostatics
C. antifungal agents
D. disinfectants

D. disinfectants

93) The condition that allows blood to shunt between the right and left ventricles is called

A. patent ductus arteriosus
B. coarctation of the aorta
C. atrial septal defect
D. ventricular septal defect

D. ventricular septal defect

94) The higher the gauge number of an intravenous needle,

A. the larger is its diameter
B. the greater is its length
C. the smaller is its diameter.
D. the smaller is its length.

C. the smaller is its diameter.

95) Diseases that require contact precautions include
1. MRSA
2. C-diff
3. TB

A. 1 only
B. 1 and 2 only
C. 2 and 3 only
D. 1, 2, and 3

B. 1 and 2 only

96) The act of inspiration will cause elevation of the
1. sternum
2. ribs
3. diaphragm

A. 1 only
B. 1 and 2 only
C. 2 and 3 only
D. 1, 2, and 3

B. 1 and 2 only

97) A radiologic technologist can be found guilty of a tort in which of the following situations?
1. Failure to shield a patient of childbearing age from unnecessary radiation.
2. Performing an examination on a patient who has refused the examination
3. Discussing a patient's condition with a third party

A. 1 only
B. 1 and 2 only
C. 2 and 3 only
D. 1, 2, and 3

D. 1, 2, and 3

98) Guidelines for cleaning contaminated objects or surfaces include which of the following?
1. Clean from the least contaminated to the most contaminated areas.
2. Clean in a circular motion, starting from the center and working outward.
3. Clean from the top down.

A. 1 only
B. 1 and 2 only
C. 1 and 3 only
D. 1, 2, and 3

C. 1 and 3 only

99) If a radiographer performed a lumbar spine examination on a patient who was supposed to have an elbow examination, which of the following charges may be brought against the radiographer?

A. Assault
B. Battery
C. False imprisonment
D. Defamation

B. Battery

100) A radiographer should recognize that gerontologic patients often have undergone physical changes that include loss of
1. muscle mass
2. bone calcium
3. mental alertness

A. 1 only
B. 1 and 2 only
C. 1 and 3 only
D. 1, 2, and 3

B. 1 and 2 only

101) Which of the following statements would be true regarding tracheostomy patients?
1. Tracheostomy patients have difficulty speaking.
2. A routine chest x-ray requires the tracheostomy tubing to be rotated out of view.
3. Audible rattling sounds indicate a need for suction.

A. 1 only
B. 1 and 2 only
C. 1 and 3 only
D. 1, 2, and 3

C. 1 and 3 only

102) An esophagram might be requested for patients with which of the following esophageal disorders/symptoms?
1. Varices
2. Achalasia
3. Dysphasia

A. 1 only
B. 1 and 2 only
C. 1 and 3 only
D. 1, 2, and 3

B. 1 and 2 only

103) Diseases that require droplet precautions include
1. rubella
2. mumps
3. influenza

A. 1 and 2 only
B. 1 and 2 only
C. 2 and 3 only
D. 1, 2, and 3

D. 1, 2, and 3

104) Protective or "reverse" isolation is required in which of the following conditions?
1. TB
2. Burns
3. Leukemia

A. 1 only
B. 1 and 2 only
C. 2 and 3 only
D. 1, 2, and 3

C. 2 and 3 only

105) When a GI series has been requested on a patient with a suspected perforated ulcer, the type of contrast medium that should be used is

A. A thin barium sulfate suspension.
B. A thick barium sulfate suspension.
C. water-soluble iodinated media.
D. oil-based iodinated media.

C. water-soluble iodinated media.

106) Which of the following statements is (are) true regarding the proper care of a patient with a tracheostomy?
1. Employ sterile technique if you must touch a tracheostomy for any reason.
2. Before you suction a tracheostomy, the patient should be well aerated.
3. Never suction for longer than 15 seconds, permitting the patient to rest in between.

A. 1 and 2 only
B. 1 and 3 only
C. 2 and 3 only
D. 1, 2, and 3

D. 1, 2, and 3

107) A patient experiencing an episode of syncope should be placed in which of the following positions?

A. Dorsal recumbent with head elevated.
B. Dorsal recumbent with feet elevated.
C. Lateral recumbent.
D. Seated with feet supported.

B. Dorsal recumbent with feet elevated.

108) The diameter of a needle's lumen is referred to as its

A. bevel.
B. gauge.
C. hub.
D. length.

B. gauge

109) A patient in a recumbent position with the head lower than the feet is said to be in which of the following positions?

A. Trendelenburg
B. Fowler
C. Sims
D. Stenver

A. Trendelenburg

110) Which of the following drugs is used to treat dysrhythmias?

A. Epinephrine
B. Lidocaine
C. Nitroglycerin
D. Verapamil

B. Lidocaine

111) Which of the following is a vasopressor and may be used for an anaphylactic reaction or a cardiac arrest?

A. Nitroglycerin
B. Epinephrine
C. Hydrocortisone
D. Digitoxin

B. Epinephrine

112) Examples of means by which infectious microorganisms can be transmitted via indirect contact include
1. a fomite
2. a vector
3. nasal or oral secretions

A. 1 only
B. 1 and 2 only
C. 2 and 3 only
D. 1, 2, and 3

B. 1 and 2 only

113) All the following rules regarding proper hand washing technique are correct except

A. keep hands and forearms lower than elbows.
B. use paper towels to turn water on.
C. avoid using hand lotions whenever possible.
D. carefully wash all surfaces and between fingers.

C. avoid using hand lotions whenever possible.

114) A vasomotor effect experienced after injection of a contrast agent is characterized by all the following symptoms except

A. nausea
B. syncope
C. hypotension
D. anxiety

C. hypotension

115) The medical abbreviation meaning "after meals" is

A. tid
B. qid
C. qh
D. pc

D. pc

116) Symptoms of inadequate oxygen supply include
1. dyspnea
2. cyanosis
3. retraction of intercostal spaces

A. 1 only
B. 1 and 2 only
C. 2 and 3 only
D. 1, 2, and 3

D. 1, 2, and 3

117) A patient suffering from orthopnea would experience the least discomfort in which body position?

A. Fowler
B. Trendelenburg
C. Recumbent
D. Erect

D. Erect

118) In which of the following conditions is a double-contrast barium enema (BE) essential for demonstration of the condition?
1. Polyps
2. Colitis
3. Diverticulosis

A. 1 only
B. 1 and 2 only
C. 1 and 3 only
D. 1, 2, and 3

B. 1 and 2 only

119) When a radiographer is obtaining a patient history, both subjective and objective data should be obtained. An example of subjective data is that

A. the patient appears to have a productive cough.
B. the patient has a blood pressure of 130/95 mmHg.
C. the patient states that she experiences extreme pain in the upright position.
D. The patient has a palpable mass in the right upper quadrant of the left breast.

C. the patient states that she experiences extreme pain in the upright position.

120) Symptoms of impending diabetic coma include
1. increased urination
2. sweet-smelling breath
3. extreme thirst

A. 1 and 2 only
B. 1 and 3 only
C. 2 and 3 only
D. 1, 2, and 3

D. 1, 2, and 3

121) The cycle of infection includes which of the following components?
1. Reservoir of infection
2. Susceptible host
3. Means of transmission

A. 1 only
B. 1 and 2 only
C. 2 and 3 only
D. 1, 2, and 3

D. 1, 2, and 3

122) Which of the following is (are) symptom(s) of shock?
1. Pallor and weakness
2. Increased pulse
3. Fever

A. 1 only
B. 1 and 2 only
C. 1 and 3 only
D. 1, 2, and 3

B. 1 and 2 only

123) Increased pain threshold, breakdown of skin, and atrophy of fat pads and sweat glands are all important considerations when working with which of the following groups of patients?

A. Infants
B. Children
C. Adolescents
D. Geriatric patients

D. Geriatric patients

124) The practice that is used to retard the growth of pathogenic bacteria is termed

A. antisepsis
B. disinfection
C. sterilization
D. medical asepsis

A. antisepsis

125) Some proteins in latex can produce mild to severe allergic reactions. Medical equipment that could contain latex includes
1. tourniquets
2. enema tips
3. catheters

A. 1 only
B. 1 and 2 only
C. 2 and 3 only
D. 1, 2, and 3

D. 1, 2, and 3

126) When reviewing patient blood chemistry levels, what is considered the normal creatinine range?

A. 0.6 to 1.5 mg/100 mL
B. 4.5 to 6 mg/100 mL
C. 8 to 25 mg/100 mL
D. Up to 50 mg/100 mL

A. 0.6 to 1.5 mg/100 mL

127) Which of the following medical equipment is used to determine blood pressure?
1. Pulse oximeter
2. Stethoscope
3. Sphygomomanometer

A. 1 and 2 only
B. 1 and 3 only
C. 2 and 3 only
D. 1, 2, and 3

C. 2 and 3 only

128) Diseases whose mode of transmission is through the air include
1. TB
2. mumps
3. rubella

A. 1 only
B. 1 and 2 only
C. 1 and 3 only
D. 1, 2, and 3

D. 1, 2, and 3

129) All the following statements regarding oxygen delivery are true except

A. oxygen is classified as a drug and must be prescribed by a physician.
B. the rate of delivery and mode of delivery must be part of a physician order for oxygen.
C. oxygen may be ordered continuously or as needed by the patient.
D. none of the above; they are all true.

D. none of the above; they are all true.

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set