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attributes of organized crime

Non‐ideological motives
• Exhibits continuity over long periods of time
• Uses tactical and strategic or long‐term planning to
reach the goals of organized crime
• Governed by rules and codes of secrecy
• Seeks to monopolize products and services
• Has an organized hierarchy
• Uses force and intimidation
• Restricts membership
• Provides illegal good and services as demanded by
the public

consortium

an agreement among or the combination of groups to undertake an enterprise beyond the resources of another member

cartel

a combination of producers to control, monopolize, and restrict competition of the sale and price of a particular product of service

syndicate

refers to an association of individuals who wish to carry out a business transaction, usually financial in nature

organization

two or more people forming an association to conduct business

gang

a company of persons who act in concert from criminal purposes

conspiracy

agreement between two or more people to commit a criminal violation

colonial piracy

earliest form of organized crime, established rules of conduct, recruited men with skillls, sold to colonists luxury items that were stolen from ships

robber barons

american business men who began to monopolize the american economy by violent or corrupt means

dixie mafia

southern organized crime, traveling criminals who formed partnerships based on enterprise or geographical location, had no central boss but subgroups

moonshiners

smuggled illegal whiskey through family business passed down by generation

bell theory

used "queer ladder of mobility" to explain o.c as means of finding wealth and power through expedient means

sutherland theory

when a group of people shared similar interests and associate in a common environment, behavior is learned

albanese theory

five typologies: positivism (o.c is caused by social and economic factors like poor neighborhoods, bad influence, lack of support; change of conditions will deter crime), classicism (people consider pleasure and pain as guides to commiting a crime), structural (success equals assets and money, individual gain is goal), ethical perspective ( crime is a moral failure, self interest is driving force of existence)

plan columbia

formal policy supported financially by united states used to combat drug trafficking

nafta

north america free trade agreement, designed to promote free trade

tammany hall

machine that controlled gangs, jobs, and gamblers of new york

tweed

boss who stole millions from the city and government by fraud, bid-rigging, overpricing goods, and services/kickbacks

bank secrecy act

first attempt to combat money laundering, banks must file a CRT for all transactions larger than 10,000 within 15 days, copy must be kept for 5 years

CMIR

currency and monetary instrument report stating that anything excceeding 10,000 that leaves or enters u.s must be filed with IRS

form 8300

for people who purchase commercial goods in excess of 10,000

three stages of money laundering

placement (getting proceeds into financial system), layering (layers used to conceal ownership of drugs, moved quickly to avoid seizure), integration (legitimize proceeds through front companies, off shore accounts, and banks)

black market peso exchange

used by cartels to launder narco-dollars by converting them into commerical goods and then export the goods from the us to columbia

border searches

used to adress the interdiction problem at the land, sea, and airports

task forces

joined together to tap the resources of local, state, and federal agencies to tackle organized drug trafficking

whats happens to forfeited assets?

given to state and local police departments by paying them overtime or to buy equipment to work on organized crime cases

why did the federal government expand its capacity to conduct undercover investigations?

so they could pose as corrupt bankers to the cartel and gain inteligence and evidence into their operations

rico

racketeering influenced corrupt organizations

zetas

pursueded by king pin of gulf cartel to leave military and become his "enforcers" after they were trained by the u.s - trafficking coke, weed, and meth into u.s through southwest border

negras

created by sinaloa cartel to counter activities of the zetas

extradition

bringing criminals back to the united states in order to prosecute them for their crimes, increasing

specially designated narcotics trafficker (king pin act)

seeks to expose, isolate, and incapacitate the financial infrastructure of the DTOs

alien conspiracy theory

organized crime groups organize themselves around ethnic backgroups

how did federal government respond to columbia cartels?

cracked down on borders, sting operations

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