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1600 to 1750

Baroque period spans the years:

1700-1750

Much of the Baroque music we hear today is from:

regular.

In the Baroque period, rhythm became more:

functional harmony.

One of the major developments of the Baroque period was

the bass line and continuous chords played in a Baroque composition.

The term Basso continuo refers to:

cello and harpsichord

Which two instruments would most likely have played the basso continuo in the Baroque era?

ground bass

In Baroque music, what is the form in which there is a repeated bass figure, above which the upper lines play different melodies?

stay moderately constant with changes made possible mostly through orchestration and influenced by limitations of the volume of the harpsichord

Dynamics in Baroque composition tend to:

uses major and minor keys with definite pull toward the tonic and is considered "functional harmony"

The harmony in Baroque composition?

A system of notation that uses figures below a base line to indicate harmonies to be played

Figured base refers to?

italy

What country was the center of the Baroque particularly in the beginning of the opera?

elaborate staging and sets

Baroque Italian opera Ceria had the following characteristic?

opera

Drama set to music?

recitative

Operatic equivalent to dramatic dialogue is?

An extended piece for a solo singer having more musical elaboration and a steadier pulse than recitative

An aria is?

Claudio Monteverdi

The composer of the coronation of Poppea?

stylized dances

Pieces written in the form or style of dance music but meant for listening, not dancing

was growing

During the baroque the importance of instrumental music...?

Steradivarius

The famous maker of violins and cellos?

Fugue

Baroque composition that treats one melody imitatively?

Emotional extremes and carefully controlled musical elements

Which best describes the dualism found in Baroque art and music?

the display of strong emotions in drama

which is a characteristic of Baroque theater that made it appealing to Baroque audiences and composers of opera?

a piece of music was performed differently each time, the performer expressed what he or she felt at the moment

Which best describes musical depiction of emotion in the late Baroque era?

a highly skilled musician

A virtuoso is?

a craftsperson creating a product on demand

the baroque composer was considered by contemporaries to be:

church, the opera house, and court

The main institutions where Baroque composers could make a living were the:

you had exposure to music from different countries/composers

One advantage of being a court composer was that?

strings

Which instrument family formed the core of the Baroque orchestra?

orchestra and single soloist

A Baroque Concerto was a composition for:

orchestra and a group of soloists

A Baroque Concerto Grosso was a composition for:

Antonio Vivaldi

The composer of the Violin Concerto in G is:

the first and third movements

In violin Concerto in Ritornello form is used?

flute, violin, harpischord, and string orchestra

Instruments heard in the first movement of Brandenburg Concerto No 5 are:

ritornello

What is the form of the first movement of Bradenburg Concerto No 5?

harpsichord

Which instrument plays the cadenza in the first movement of Bradenburg Concerto No 5?

three

How many movements does a typical concerto have?

ritornello

The term for the initial orchestral melody in concerto grosso that returns from time to time is?

sonatas

The Venetian composer Antonio Vivaldi is especially remembered for his: (our Vivaldi listening example was one of these):

1685-1750

Johann Sebastian Bach lived from:

one of the greatest composers that ever lived

Bach is considered..

married twice and had many children

During Bach's lifetime he

both sacred and secular music

Bach composed

a very spiritual man wanting to glorify God

Bach demonstrates in his music that he was

actually, not that famous

During Bachs lifetime he was?

filled with hard work, composing to meet deadlines

Bachs life was

The Well Tempered Clavier

The collection of forty-eight preludes and fugues (12 major and 12 minor of both) by Bach is called

Systematized imitative polyphony

The outstanding element of a fugue is

Johann Sebastian Bach

The Art of Fugue was writtin by

Coloratura

The singing style characterized by fast run and scales, a large pitch range, cadenzas, and virtuosic displays of all sorts is called

Libretto

The text of an Opera is called

The A section repeats with ornamentation

In a Da Capo aria

Were complicated and took many twists and turns

The plots of most Baroque opera

George Frideric Handel

The composer of Julius Ceaser and The Messiah

A kind of mini-oratorio designed for the use in the Lutheran worship service

The church cantata was

Oratorio

"There were shepherds" is part of The Messiah which is

a composition of organ based on a Lutheran hymn melody

An organ chorale is

Bach, Vivaldi and Handel

The three most important composers of the Baroque period are

Are extremely passionate about him

When watching the DVD on Bach you get a sense that those describing Bach

A Baroque Concerto Grosso

LISTEN: This is an excerpt from

A Baroque Concerto

LISTEN: This is an excerpt from

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