8th Sci Cell Structure Function/Examples

Created by mgwoodruff Teacher

25 terms

cell membrane

1. protects the cell 2. helps give the cell its shape 3. controls what enter and leaves the cell 4. helps keep the cell material together

cytoplasm

life functions occur within the cytoplasm

nucleus

1. contains cell genetic material 2. directs the activities of the cell

nuclear membrane

separates the nucleus from the rest of the cell

vacuole

can store water and other substances

mitochondria

break down sugar and release energy... known as cellular respiration

ribosome

make and store protein

endoplasmic reticulum

used for moving materials within the cell

prokaryotic cell

found in single cell organisms like bacteria

eukaryotic cell

found in plant, fungi, animal and protist cells

chloroplast

found only in plant cell

cell wall

1. found only in plant cell 2. gives shape and support to the plant cells

lysosome

breaks down food material for consumption by the cell

golgi bodies

sort proteins and other cellular materials in order to store and release vital chemicals

cell

examples: plant cell and animal cell

tissue

a group of similar cells working together to perform a specific function

epithelial tissue

makes up the skin and lining of the stomach

muscle tissue

makes up the heart as well as the muscles attached to bones and other parts of the body (like the stomach and blood vessels)

nerve tissue

makes up the brain and spinal cord

connective tissue

found in bones, fat, cartilage and blood

organ

examples: lung and heart

organ system

examples: respiratory system, and circulatory system

organelle

examples: nucleus, mitochondria, ribosomes

multicellular

example: human, tree

cellular respiration

*** This is a form of "oxidation" in living organisms

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