Specific Immunity

Created by lounj732 

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no

Is the adaptive immune system present at birth?

yes

Does the adaptive immune system have memory?

Lymphocytes

What is the main cell type involved in adaptive immunity?

All lymphocytes originate in bone marrow

Where do T and B lymphocytes originate?

thymus gland

Where do T cells mature?

bone marrow

Where do B cells mature?

CD4 Helper Cells; TH, T4 and
CD8 Cytotoxic Cells Tc, T8

What are the two main types of T cells (give all possible names)

activated, B cells differentiate into clone cells (family of cells descended from one) which are plasma cells

What cells descend from B lymphocytes?

> antibodies --> antigen-antibody complexes --> disable antigen.

What do plasma cells release into the plasma?

any substance that causes your immune system to produce antibodies ("ANTIbody GENerator")

What is an antigen?

Complete antigens have Immunogenicity and Reactivity; incomplete lack Immunogenicity

Describe the difference between complete and incomplete antigens.

Antigenic determinants

The part of an antigen that is immunogenic is called the _______ ________.

Cell-mediated / Antibody-mediated (humoral)
Immune response

Name the two types of adaptive immunity.

Cell-mediated

In which type of immunity do cells attack other cells?

Antibody-mediated

In which type of immunity are antigen-antibody complexes formed?

T8 cells recognize infected body cells, cancer cells, and transplanted cells

Name the types of cells that may be destroyed in cell-mediated immunity.

Major Histocompatibility Complex (MHC)

What name is given to the "self" antigen

MHC I

The MHC complex found on all body cells (except RBCs) is MHC ____.

MHC II

The MHC complex found on cells involved in the immune response is MHC ____.

CD8 T cells

Which type of T cell recognizes MHC I?

CD4 T cells will

Which type of T cell recognizes MHC II?

endogenous antigens

Do MHC I complexes display endogenous or exogenous antigens?

exogenous antigens

Do MHC II complexes display endogenous or exogenous antigens?

with perforin punching holes in the membrane

How do cytotoxic T cells (TC) kill infected cells?

they will stimulate T8 and B cells, but that help is absolutely essential to mounting an immune response

How do helper T cells (TH) "help" cytotoxic cells in the immune response?

MHC I; "not ok" piece of the foreign protein (antigen); endogenously

Bacteria A has infec/ed an individual's cells and is also present freely in his/her tissue .
Which MHC complex is found on the surface of the infected cell? What will this MHC complex display? How does it process and present?

T8; kill abnormal cell by punching holes in it with perforin

Bacteria A has infected an individual's cells and is also present freely in his/her tissue .What type of T cell will detect the foreign antigen? How will the T cell respond to this antigen?

MHC II; The APC; digested pieces of the pathogen, brings to surface of cell; presents endogenously

Bacteria A has infected an individual's cells and is also present freely in his/her tissue .Assume the bacteria in the tissue is engulfed by a macrophage. Which MHC complex is found on the surface of the macrophage?
What will this MHC complex display?

T4; will process & present endogenously

Bacteria A has infected an individual's cells and is also present freely in his/her tissue .Assume the bacteria in the tissue is engulfed by a macrophage. What type of T cell will detect this foreign antigen? How will the T cell respond to this antigen?

B

What type of lymphocyte is involved in antibody-mediated immunity?

Heavy & light chains; variable and constant regions

Describe the basic structure of an antibody?

5 (MADGE)

How many antibody classes are there?

IgM

Which antibody is the first to respond to an infection?

IgG 2nd responder

Which antibody is the most common?

IgG

Which antibody is passed from mother to fetus?

IgE

Which antibody is involved in allergic reactions?

IgD

Which antibody is a receptor on B cells?

Neutralization Agglutination Precipitation

How does an antigen-antibody complex disable antigen? (name a few ways)

occurs after an harmful antigen has
been encountered for the first time IgM

What is the primary immune response?

quicker more effective; occurs after an previously encountered antigen reappears Igm then IgG

What is the secondary immune response?

first Ig released by plasma cells after intitial exposure; occurs late during first exposure, and faster, qucker, & more effective in future encounters

How does the primary immune response differ from the secondary immune response?

happens withing the body by exposure to a trigger of maternal ex=illness/mother to baby

Define naturally acquired immunity

outside source such and an injection/direct like rabies

Define artificially acquired immunity.

created when body cells are challenged vs from the outside

Describe the difference between passive and active immunity.

are gamma globulins, immunoglobulins, and Ig

other words that mean the same thing as antibody

ability to provoke immune response by stimulating the production of T cells or specific antibodies

Immunogenicity

the antigen binds, and must fit snugly varies with type of antigen it binds to

variable region of an antibody is where

determines the class of antibody - IgG, IgA, IgM,
IgD, IgE - and dictates the cells and chemicals it can bind to

constant region of an antibody is where

IgA

which antibody is involved in body secretions?

react with activated T and B cells that are present

incomplete antigen cannot provoke the body into making activated T and B cells, but it can

clones-->plasma cells-->antibodies-->antigen-antibody complexes-->disable antigen.

pathway of stimulated B cells

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