Anatomy term quiz 4

52 terms by k_brammeier

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exocrine

denoting a gland that secretes outwardly through ducts

efferent

carrying away from a central organ or section

ossiferous

1) boney, containing bone, 2) producing bone

calciferous

containg calcium, chalk, or lime

cephalad

toward the head or head end of the body

adduct

to draw toward the main axis of the body

afferent

carring toward a central organ or section

blepharoclonus

condition charactorized by muscle spasms of the eyelid, which is shown by increased blinking or general twitching of the eyelids, seen in Tourette's syndrom, multiple scleroisis, and Parkinsons

myocardium

middle layer of the wall of the heard that is composed of cardiac muscle tissue

epineurium

connective tissue sheath of a nerve

ednoneurium

delicate connective tissue sheath that surrounds nerve fibers in fascicles

endocardium

endothelial membrane that lines the chambers of the heart and that is continuous with the lining of the blood vessels

encephalon

the brain, containing the cerebrum, cerebellum, midbrain, pons, diencephalon, and medulla oblongata

electroencephalogram

record of the electrical activity of the brain

encephalomyelitis

encephalitis that is accompanied by inflammation of the spinal cord

tone

1) state of a body or any of its organs in which the functions are healthy and normal, 2) the resistance of muscles to passive elongation or strength

tonus

steady partial contraction of a muscle

electrocardiogram

record of the electrical activity of the heart

electroencephalograph

an instrument for recording the electrical activity of the brain

electrocardiograph

an instrument for recording the electrical activity of the heart

electromyogram

graphic record of resting and voluntary muscle activity as a result of electrical stimulation

myelogram

1) radiograph of the spinal cord and associated nerves, 2) different count of bone marrow cells

syncytium

multinucleated mass of protoplasm, such as striated muscle fibers

symphasys

1) line of fusion between 2 bones that are in development, 2) form of synchondrosis in which the bones are separated by a disc of fibrocartilage

electroencephalography

process of recording, amplification, and analysis of the electrical activity of the brain

electrocardiography

process of creating and studying an electrocardiograph

tetanus

1) sustained musclular contraction caused by a series of nerve repeated nerve stimuli, resulting in a sustained/ continuous contraction of muscle, 2) an acute, life threatening illness caused by a bacterial toxin, and marked by extreme muscular rigidity, violent muscle spasms, and often respiratory and autonomic failure

tetanic

1) pertaining to or producting tetanus, 2) any agent/ substance which produces tenanic spasms

septicemia

the presence of pathogenic microorganisms in the blood

septic

1) pertaining to sepsis, 2) pertaining to pathogenic organisms or their toxins

septal

pertaining to a septum

spasm

involuntary sudden movement or muscle contration that occurs as a result of some irritant or trauma

spasmolytic

agent that relieves muscle spasms

graphospasm

writer's cramp

neurilemma

the thin membranous outer covering surrounding the sheath of myelinated nerve fibers or of the axis cylinder of non-myelinated nerve fibers

sarcolemma

the cell membrane of a muscle cell/fiber

pyrogen

any agent that causes fever

pyrosis

susternal pain or burning sensation, usually associated with regurgitation of gastric juices into the esophagus

pyogen

any agent that causes the formation of pus

purulent

forming or containing pus

puriform

resembling pus

prophylactic

1) any agent or regimen that contributes to the prevention of infection and disease

prophylaxis

the observance of rules necessary to prevent disease

anaphylaxis

severe, whole body allergic reation to an allergen, such as bee sting venom; initial exposure to the substance sensitizes the person to it, then later exposure results in a potentally life-threatening allergic response

antipyretic

agent of substance that reduces or relieves fever, or the act of doing so

aseptic

pertaining to asepsis. technique used during surgery to prevent contamination of the wound and operative site, in which all instruments are sterilized, and all physicians and nurses wear sterile protective clothing and gloves

antiseptic

agent which is capable of producting antisepsis

sepsis

systematic inflammatory response to infection, in which there is either fever or hypothermia, tachycardia,tachypnea, and evidence of inadeguate blood flow to interal organs

febrile

feverish or pertaining to a fever

pyemia

form of septicemia due to the presence of pusforming organisms in the blood, manifested by the formation of multiple abscesses of a metastatic nature

pyoderma

any actue, inflammatory, purulent, bacterial dermatitis

pyostatic

1)preventing the formation of pus, 2) any agent which prevents the formation of pus

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