refers to the reasoning writers use to communicate their ideas.
Elements of Logic:
(1) sequence, (2) generalization, (3) not questions, and (3) argument.
a true statement that can be proven through observations, research, or statistics.
is a statement of judgment or personal belief. It may or may not be true. Adjectives or the word "I" is often used.
a technique used to arrive at a solution to some difficulty.
Techniques problem-solving questions
(1) brainstorming, (2) creating metaphors, (3) constructing models (4) role playing and (5) analogy.
generating ideas, often with others, to find new ways of solving a problem
solving a problem by connecting it to a similar problem
creating a chart or design to solve a problem
solving a problem by acting it out
finding pairs of words that are related in some way to a first pair of words.
informal language that enjoys brief popularity then generally becomes obsolete
words that are appropriate in dialogue and informal writing but inappropriate in formal writing [contractions, short words, or clichés]
contains grammar and usage that do not follow the standard rules for English
Standard American English
English most widely accepted in the United States; it is the language of educated people.
(1) hasty generalizations, (2) false analogies, (3) circular reasoning, and (4) personal attacks.