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Progressive Movement

reform effort, generally centered in urban areas and begun in the early 1900s, whose aims included returning control of the government to the people, restoring economic opportunities, and correcting injustices in American life.

Child Labor Laws

laws that strictly prohibited the employment of children under the age of 18

Theodore Roosevelt

26th President of the United States during Progressive Era "square deal" result of coal miner's strike

Temperance

moderation in or abstinence from alcohol

Prohibition

a law forbidding the sale of alcoholic beverages

Ben Tillman

Democrat governor of SC, led Populist movement, support of small farmers

Woman's Suffrage

right for woman to vote

State Dispensary System

Tillman's plan to control sale of alcohal

Equal Rights Association

Association of women working to get laws passed that would give women the right to vote

Robert Cooper

gov. of SC 1919-1922; continued Manning's progressive reforms: 7-month school plan, cumpolsary school attendence, health care

Coleman Blease

Governor of South Carolina 1910. Appealed to mill owners, white farmers, approved lynchings, no compulsory education

Richard Manning

This progressive governor was elected in 1915. He passed a child labor law so that children under age 14 could not work in mills, miness and factories.

SC Highway Department

Created by gov. Manning

Patriotism

Love for one's country

Emigration

departure from one country for another

Suffrage

right to vote

19th Ammendment

gave women right to vote

Urban

city charcteristics

Rural

farm/country

Agriculture

the practice of cultivating the land or raising stock

Industry

the organized action of making of goods and services for sale

Boll weevil

type of beetle that infests the cotton plant

Mass media

forms of communication, such as newspapers and radio, that reach millions of people

Tourism

the business of providing services to tourists

Ku Klux Klan

White supremacy organization that intimidated blacks out of their newly found liberties

Southern Literacy Renaissance

SC group formed when people began to write and paint about local subjects

Great Depression

the economic crisis and period of low business activity in the U.S. and other countries, roughly beginning with the stock-market crash in October, 1929, and continuing through most of the 1930s.

New Deal

Franklin Roosevelt's economic reform program designed to solve the problems of the Great Depression

Franklin Roosevelt

progressive president; promised to end Great Depression

Rural Electrification Act

Extended power lines into rural areas of the country

Civilian Conservation Corp

put 3 milion men to work on soil preservation and public parks

Works Progress Administration

gave millions of jobs to unemployed

Public Works Administration

built low-cost housing; Navy Base

Social Security Act

provide pensions for retired people; proposed by FDR

Santee Cooper electricity project

provided cheap power to rural areas; longest public power project of its time

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