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Greatest political beneficiary of backlash against Cleveland in congressional elections in 1894

republicans

President Cleveland aroused widespread public anger by his action of

borrowing $65 million in gold from JP Morgan's banking syndicate

Early populist campaign to create coalition of white and black farmers ended in

racist backlash that eliminated black voting in the south

Four states completely carried by the populists in 1892 election

Kansas, Colorado, Idaho, nevada

Which as NOT among platform planks adopted by the populist part in the convention of 1892

government guarantees of parody prices for farmer

In the latter decades of the 19th century it was generally true that the locusts of political power was

congress

Major campaign issue of 1888 presidential election

tariff policy

When president, Cleveland's "hands-off" approach gained support of

business people

Which of the following had "gilded age"??

Cleveland

1884 election contest between Blaine and Cleveland was noted for

personal attacks on two candidates

The Pendleton act required appointees to public office to

take competitive examination

President Garfield was assassinated

by a deranged, disappointed office seeker

One reason the Chinese came to the US was

to dig for gold

Labor unrest in 1870's-1880's resulted in

use of federal troops during strikes

Labor unrest during Hayes administration stemmed from

long years of depression and deflation

The railroad strike of 1877 started when

the four largest railroads cut salaries by 18%

The legal codes that established system of segregation were

Jim Crow Laws

Compromise of 1877 resulted in

withdrawal of federal troops in the south

Major problem in 1876 presidential election centered on

two sets of election returns submitted by Florida, South Caroline, and Louisiana

"Spoils-man" was the label attached to those who

expected government jobs from party's elected office holders

During the gilded age, the lifeblood of both democratic and republican party's was

political patronage

One reason for extremely high voter turnouts and partisan fervor of the gilded age was

sharp ethnic and cultural differences in members of the two parties

Presidential elections of the 1870's and 1880's

aroused great interest among voters

During the gilded age democrats and republicans

had a few significant economic interests

Those who enjoyed a successful political career in the post Civil War decades were

party loyalists

One result of republican hard money policies was

formation of the greenback labor party

One cause of the panic that broke out in 1873 was

construction of more factories than existing markets could bear

President Ulysses S Grant reelected in 1872 because

his opponent chose a poor candidate for the presidency

Late 19th century, those political candidates who campaigned by 'waving the bloody shirt" to remind of the Civil War were

? treason of confederate democrats during the Civil War

As a result of the civil war

waste extravagance spec. and graft reduced moral state of republicans

JP Morgan monitored his competition by placing officers of his bank on the boards of companies he wanted to control

interlocking doctorates

The steel industry owed much to the inventive genius of

henry bessimer

After the civil war, the plentiful supply of unskilled labor

helped to build the nation into a industrial giant

One most significant aspects of interstate commerce act was that it

represented the first large scale attempt by federal government to regulate business

First federal regulatory agency designed to protect public interest

ICC

Efforts to regulate monopolizing practices of railroad corps first came in the form of

state legislatures

Agreements between railroad corps to divide business in given area and share profits were called

pools

Greatest single factor healing to spur the amazing industrial of post civil war years

railroad network

One byproduct of development of railroads was

movement of people to cities

the only transcontinental railroad built without government aide was

great northern

National government helped to finance transcontinental railroad construction in the late 19th century by providing railroads corps with

land grants

During the gilded age, most railroads were built

with government assistance

In efforts on behalf of workers the national labor union won

an 8 hour day for government

generally, the supreme court in the late 19th century interpreted the constitution in a way as to favor

corporations

Most women workers of the 1890's worked for

economic necessity

Group most effected by new industrial age was

women

One of the greatest changes that industries brought about in lives of workers

need to adjust lives to time clock

many southerners saw emp. (?) in textile mills as salvation

since jobs and wages were steady

In late 19th century tax benefits and cheap nonunion labor attracted___manufacturers to the south

textile

South's major attraction for potential investors was

cheap labor

The Sherman anti-trust act was at first primarily used to curb power of

labor unions

The ____ amendment was especially helpful to giant corporations when defending themselves against state governments

14th

Gospel of wealth which associated godliness with wealth

discouraged efforts to help the poor

The oil industry because a huge business

with the invention of the internal combustion engine

The first major product of the oil industry was

kerosene

America's first billion dollar corporation was

US Steel

Some people who found fault with captains of industry argued that these men

diminished worker's quality of life

By 1900, American attitudes toward labor began to change as public came to recognize the right of workers to bargain collectively and strike. Nevertheless

vast majority of employees continued to fight organized labor

Knights of labor beleived that republican traditions and institutions could be preserved from corrupt monopolists

by strengthening economic and political independence of workers

Knights of labor believed conflict between capital and labor would dissipate when

labor would own and operate industries and businesses

One group banned from membership in the knights of labor was

the chinese

The various racial and thnic groups in large cities though living in different neighborhoods

all of the above

The subject of the 18th amendment was

prohibition

The nation American woman's suffrage association

limited its membership to whites

The comstock law was intended to advance the cause of

sexual purity

Henry george argued that the unearned windfall profits of those who did not work for them should be

confiscated by government taxation

In a country hungry for new, newspapers

became sensationalized

During the industrial revolution

life expectancy measurably increased

The merrill act of 1862

granted public lands to support higher education

As leader of the African American community, Booker T Washington

grudgingly acquiesced to segregation

Post civil war era witnessed

increased compulsory school attendance lawes

Booker T Washington believed the key to political and civil rights for African Americans

was economic independence

Americans offered growing support for free public education systems

because they accepted the idea that a free government cannot function without educated citizens

Darwin's theory of evolution

casts serious doubt on the interpretation of the bible

1890's positions for women as secretaries, store clerks, and telemarketers were reserved for

native born

According to the social gospel

the lessons of Christianity should be applied to solve the problems manifested in slums and factories

Most new immigrants

tried to preserve their old country culture in America

The new immigrants who came to US after 1880

were culturally different from previous immigrants

One of the early symbols of the dawning era of conservatism in urban America was

the rise of large department stores

The major factor of drawing country people into big cities was

the availability of industrial jobs

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