traits or characteristics from parents to offspring through the inheritance of genes.
Having different alleles at one or more corresponding chromosomal
Relating to a cell that has two identical allele
an offspring resulting from cross-breeding
Law of independent
The law of independent assortment applies well to most plants and animals, but only to those genes which occur on non-homologous autosomal chromosomes.
Law of segregation
the principle, originated by Gregor Mendel, stating that during the production of gametes the two copies of each hereditary factor segregate so that offspring acquire one factor from each parent.
The observable physical or biochemical characteristics of an organism, as determined by both genetic makeup and environmental influences.
The process by which plant pollen is transferred from the male reproductive organs to the female reproductive organs to form seeds.
that one of a pair of alternative alleles whose effect is masked by the activity of the second when both are present in the same cell or organism.
a characteristic feature or quality distinguishing a particular person or thing
The cell formed by the union of two gametes, especially a fertilized ovum before cleavage
One member of a pair or series of genes that occupy a specific position on a specific chromosome.
having primary control, authority
The act or process of initiating biological reproduction by insemination or pollination
The genetic makeup, as distinguished from the physical appearance, of an organism or a group of organisms
A reproductive cell having the haploid number of chromosomes, especially a mature sperm or egg capable of fusing with a gamete of the opposite sex to produce the fertilized egg.
The branch of biology that deals with heredity, especially the mechanisms of hereditary transmission and the variation of inherited characteristics among similar or related organisms.
A collection of various kinds; a variety