Integumentary Diseases 1

25 terms by vida23 

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abscess

A localized collection of pus buried in tissues, organs, or confined spaces.

ACNE

A common inflammatory disease of the sebaceous glands characterized by comedones, papules, pustules, inflamed nodules, pus-filled cysts, and, in extreme cases, deep, inflamed, purulent sacs.

actinic keratosis

Sharply outlined red or skin-colored, flat or raised keratotic lesions which may develop into squamous cell carcinoma.

alopecia

baldness

basal cell carcinoma

A type of skin cancer, the presentation of which varies.

burn

Injury to integumentary tissue caused by contact with fire, steam or hot liquid, chemicals, electricity, friction, or radiant exposure.

candidiasis

infection by the Candida fungus

cellulitis

An acute, diffuse, spreading, edematous inflammation primarily of the deep subcutaneous tissues, but sometimes affecting deeper tissues and muscles

dandruff

dry, scaly material that sheds from the scalp

decubitus ulcer

a bedsore, or a loss of the epidermis in patches caused by lying in bed or sitting for long periods of time.

dermatitis

inflammation of the skin

atopic dermatitis

A chronic itching, superficial inflammation of the skin usually associated with a family history of related disorders, such as hay fever and asthma

contact dermatitis

Acute or chronic dermatitis caused by materials or substances which come into contact with the skin

nummular dermatitis

Chronic dermatitis in which there are inflamed, coin-shaped, crusted and scaling pruritic lesions.

seborrheic dermatitis

An inflammatory scaling disease of the scalp, face, and sometimes other areas. Sometimes used synonymously with dandruff.

stasis dermatitis

The persistent inflammation of the skin of the lower legs with a tendency to have brown pigment. This is associated with venous insufficiency

dermatofibroma

Also called fibrous histiocytoma, this refers to a firm, red or brown, small papule or nodule occurring in the dermis

eczema

This term is sometimes used synonymously with dermatitis, and sometimes to specify atopic dermatitis. It means literally "oozing or weeping," and is characterized by pruritic papules with oozing, crusting, and scaling, and secondarily by lichenification of the affected skin.

erythema

By itself this means redness of the skin

erythema multiforme

An inflammatory eruption of the skin with symmetric, red, bullous lesions.

erythema nodosum

An inflammatory disease of the skin and subcutaneous tissue characterized by tender red nodules, especially in the tibial region, but also involving the arms and other areas

folliculitis

Inflammation of a follicle or follicles. This generally refers to hair follicles

gangrene

The death of tissue (necrosis), usually affecting a large area, and associated with loss of vascular supply and secondarily with bacterial infection and putrefaction (decomposition)

hemangioma

Localized benign vascular tumors of the skin and subcutaneous tissues

hydradenitis suppurativa

An inflammation of the apocrine glands in the dermis resulting in obstruction and then rupture of the ducts with painful local inflammation

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