5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- open account
- physical control
- percentage-of-credit-sales approach
- current ratio
- current assets
- a The process designed to safeguard cash from loss or theft.
- b The percentage-of-credit- sales approach is a method of estimating bad debts that multiplies a given percentage by the credit sales of a given accounting period. Percentage-of-credit-sales is a common method of estimating uncollectibles, used in conjunction with the allowance method, when accounting for accounts receivable.
- c Current assets are assets on the balance sheet expected to be converted to cash or expired in one year or the operating cycle, whichever is longer.
- d An open account is an informal credit trade agreement used in cases where frequent credit transactions are conducted and a running balance of the obligation or receivable is maintained. If payments are made regularly within reasonable time periods, interest charges are not usually assessed. Open account is normally used to describe the trade terms underlying accounts receivable and accounts payable.
- e Current assets/Current liabilities. The current ratio is often used to assess a company's current asset management and its solvency position. It is normally an important part of financial statement analysis.
5 Multiple choice questions
- Compensating balances are minimum cash balances that must be maintained in savings or checking accounts until certain loan obligations are satisfied. Compensating balances help financial institutions reduce the risks of default on outstanding loans by ensuring that at least some cash is available for scheduled loan payments.
- Initially recognize the full sales price (gross) and later discount the gross.
- Current assets - Current liabilities. Working capital measures the extent to which a company's current assets cover its current liabilities. It is viewed as a measure of solvency and is often used in debt covenants to ensure that the borrower maintains a sufficient buffer of current assets to current liabilities. Like the current and quick ratio, however, working capital is a relatively weak measure of a company's solvency position.
- Multinational corporations have their home in one country but operate and have subsidiaries operating within and under the laws of other countries.
- The allowance method, under generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) is the preferred method to account for uncollectibles and sales returns, both of which have a direct effect on the reported value of accounts receivable. The allowance method involves estimating the dollar amount of the uncollectibles or sales returns at the end of each accounting period and, based on that estimate, records an entry that reduces both net income and the balance in accounts receivable with a contra account called 'allowance for uncollectibles'.
5 True/False questions
petty cash → A small amount of cash kept on hand to cover minor expenses.
window dressing → Hedging is a strategy used by management to reduce the risk associated with fluctuations in the values of assets and liabilities.
aging schedule → Aging is a method of estimating and analyzing collectible accounts receivable that categorizes individual accounts on the basis of the amount of time each has been outstanding. Each category is then multiplied by a different uncollectible percentage under the assumption that older accounts are more likely than new accounts to be uncollectable. This method is used primarily by management to identify and maintain control over uncollectible accounts receivables.
cash discount → When a good or service is sold on credit, the selling company wishes to collect the cash as soon as possible. To encourage prompt payment, many companies offer cash discounts on the gross sales price. Cash discounts specify that an amount of cash less than the gross sales price is sufficient to satisfy the obligation.
exchange rate → A decrease in value due to changes in the exchange rate.