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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. economy
  2. kinetic (art)
  3. mobile
  4. dominance
  5. composition
  1. a From the Greek word "kinesis," meaning "motion"; art that involves an element of random or mechanical movement.
  2. b The principle of organization in which certain visual elements assume more importance than others within the same composition or design. Some features are emphasized, and others are subordinated; often created by increased contrasts through the use of isolation, placement, direction, scale, and character.
  3. c The arranging and/or structuring of all the art elements, according to the principles of organization, that achieves a unified whole; often used interchangeably with the term "design."
  4. d The distillation of the image to the basic essentials for clarity of presentation; one of the principles of organization.
  5. e A 3D, moving sculpture

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. The use of the same visual effect - and/or similar visual effects - a number of times in the same composition. It may produce the dominance of one visual idea, a feeling of harmonious relationship, an obviously planned pattern, or a rhythmic movement.
  2. Emanating from a center
  3. A designed unit or pattern that is repeated often enough in the total composition to make it a significant or dominant feature; similar to "theme" or "melody" in a musical composition.
  4. A design that is formed through the systematic repetition of smaller designed units over an entire surface.
  5. 3D work characterized by considerable amounts of space; open, as opposed to massive (or tectonic), and often with extended appendages.

5 True/False questions

  1. movementEye travel directed by visual pathways in a work of art; one of the principles of organization. It is guided by harmonious connections, areas of variety, the placement of visual weights, areas of dominance, choices in proportions, spatial devices, and so on.


  2. closureA 3D, moving sculpture


  3. Gestalt, Gestalt psychologyA German word for "form"; an organized whole in experience. Promoted around 1912 as a theory to explain psychological phenomena by their relationships to total forms rather than their parts. Our reaction to the whole is greater than our reaction to its individual parts, and our minds integrate and organize chaotic stimuli so that we see complete patterns and recognizable shapes.


  4. asymmetry"Without symmetry"; having unequal or noncorresponding parts.


  5. harmonyDifferences achieved by opposing, contrasting, changing, elaborating, or diversifying elements in a composition to add individualism and interest. It is an important principle of organization; the opposite of harmony.


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