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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. economy
  2. moments of force
  3. principles of organization
  4. atectonic
  5. scale
  1. a The distillation of the image to the basic essentials for clarity of presentation; one of the principles of organization.
  2. b The association of size relative to a constant standard of specific unit of measure related to human dimensions.
  3. c Concepts that guide the arrangement and integration of the elements in achieving a sense of visual order and overall visual unity. They are harmony, variety, balance, proportion, dominance, movement, and economy.
  4. d The direction and degree of energy implied by the art elements in specific compositional situations; amounts of visual thrust produced by such matters as dimension, placement, and accent.
  5. e 3D work characterized by considerable amounts of space; open, as opposed to massive (or tectonic), and often with extended appendages.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. A concept from Gestalt psychology in which the mind perceives an incomplete pattern or information to be a complete, unified whole; the artist provides minimum visual clues, and the observer brings them to final recognition.
  2. The quality of simple massiveness; 3D work lacking any significant extrusions or intrusions.
  3. The principle of organization in which certain visual elements assume more importance than others within the same composition or design. Some features are emphasized, and others are subordinated; often created by increased contrasts through the use of isolation, placement, direction, scale, and character.
  4. Eye travel directed by visual pathways in a work of art; one of the principles of organization. It is guided by harmonious connections, areas of variety, the placement of visual weights, areas of dominance, choices in proportions, spatial devices, and so on.
  5. The use of similar imagery on either side of a central axis. The visual material on one side may resemble that on the other but is varied to prevent visual monotony.

5 True/False questions

  1. proportionThe comparative relationship of size between units or the parts of a whole; one of the principles of organization.


  2. transparencyA visual quality in which a distant image or element can be seen through a nearer one.


  3. accent1.) Any artistic design (sometimes serving as a model for imitation). 2.) A repeating element and/or design that can produce a new set of characteristics or organization.


  4. Gestalt, Gestalt psychologyA traditional proportional system for visual harmony expressed when a line or area is divided into two sections so that the smaller part is to the larger as the larger is to the whole.


  5. mobileA designed unit or pattern that is repeated often enough in the total composition to make it a significant or dominant feature; similar to "theme" or "melody" in a musical composition.


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