5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- golden section
- principles of organization
- a Concepts that guide the arrangement and integration of the elements in achieving a sense of visual order and overall visual unity. They are harmony, variety, balance, proportion, dominance, movement, and economy.
- b The exact duplication of appearances in mirrorlike repetition on either side of a (usually imaginary) straight-lined central axis.
- c A traditional proportional system for visual harmony expressed when a line or area is divided into two sections so that the smaller part is to the larger as the larger is to the whole.
- d Differences achieved by opposing, contrasting, changing, elaborating, or diversifying elements in a composition to add individualism and interest. It is an important principle of organization; the opposite of harmony.
- e The comparative relationship of size between units or the parts of a whole; one of the principles of organization.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- The use of similar imagery on either side of a central axis. The visual material on one side may resemble that on the other but is varied to prevent visual monotony.
- The organizing process or underlying plan on which artists base their total work. In a broader sense, it may be considered synonymous with "form" and "composition."
- A visual quality in which a distant image or element can be seen through a nearer one.
- The direction and degree of energy implied by the art elements in specific compositional situations; amounts of visual thrust produced by such matters as dimension, placement, and accent.
- A 3D, moving sculpture
5 True/False Questions
golden mean → "Perfect" harmonious proportions that avoid extremes; the moderation between extremes.
radial → The organizing process or underlying plan on which artists base their total work. In a broader sense, it may be considered synonymous with "form" and "composition."
movement → A 3D, moving sculpture
balance → The principle of organization in which certain visual elements assume more importance than others within the same composition or design. Some features are emphasized, and others are subordinated; often created by increased contrasts through the use of isolation, placement, direction, scale, and character.
interpenetration → The use of the same visual effect - and/or similar visual effects - a number of times in the same composition. It may produce the dominance of one visual idea, a feeling of harmonious relationship, an obviously planned pattern, or a rhythmic movement.