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Art Chapter 2 Terms Test

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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. variety
  2. golden section
  3. principles of organization
  4. proportion
  5. symmetry
  1. a Concepts that guide the arrangement and integration of the elements in achieving a sense of visual order and overall visual unity. They are harmony, variety, balance, proportion, dominance, movement, and economy.
  2. b The exact duplication of appearances in mirrorlike repetition on either side of a (usually imaginary) straight-lined central axis.
  3. c A traditional proportional system for visual harmony expressed when a line or area is divided into two sections so that the smaller part is to the larger as the larger is to the whole.
  4. d Differences achieved by opposing, contrasting, changing, elaborating, or diversifying elements in a composition to add individualism and interest. It is an important principle of organization; the opposite of harmony.
  5. e The comparative relationship of size between units or the parts of a whole; one of the principles of organization.

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. The use of similar imagery on either side of a central axis. The visual material on one side may resemble that on the other but is varied to prevent visual monotony.
  2. The organizing process or underlying plan on which artists base their total work. In a broader sense, it may be considered synonymous with "form" and "composition."
  3. A visual quality in which a distant image or element can be seen through a nearer one.
  4. The direction and degree of energy implied by the art elements in specific compositional situations; amounts of visual thrust produced by such matters as dimension, placement, and accent.
  5. A 3D, moving sculpture

5 True/False Questions

  1. golden mean"Perfect" harmonious proportions that avoid extremes; the moderation between extremes.

          

  2. radialThe organizing process or underlying plan on which artists base their total work. In a broader sense, it may be considered synonymous with "form" and "composition."

          

  3. movementA 3D, moving sculpture

          

  4. balanceThe principle of organization in which certain visual elements assume more importance than others within the same composition or design. Some features are emphasized, and others are subordinated; often created by increased contrasts through the use of isolation, placement, direction, scale, and character.

          

  5. interpenetrationThe use of the same visual effect - and/or similar visual effects - a number of times in the same composition. It may produce the dominance of one visual idea, a feeling of harmonious relationship, an obviously planned pattern, or a rhythmic movement.

          

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