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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. motif
  2. movement
  3. Gestalt, Gestalt psychology
  4. radial
  5. approximate symmetry
  1. a A German word for "form"; an organized whole in experience. Promoted around 1912 as a theory to explain psychological phenomena by their relationships to total forms rather than their parts. Our reaction to the whole is greater than our reaction to its individual parts, and our minds integrate and organize chaotic stimuli so that we see complete patterns and recognizable shapes.
  2. b A designed unit or pattern that is repeated often enough in the total composition to make it a significant or dominant feature; similar to "theme" or "melody" in a musical composition.
  3. c The use of similar imagery on either side of a central axis. The visual material on one side may resemble that on the other but is varied to prevent visual monotony.
  4. d Eye travel directed by visual pathways in a work of art; one of the principles of organization. It is guided by harmonious connections, areas of variety, the placement of visual weights, areas of dominance, choices in proportions, spatial devices, and so on.
  5. e Emanating from a center

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. "Without symmetry"; having unequal or noncorresponding parts.
  2. A visual quality in which a distant image or element can be seen through a nearer one.
  3. The direction and degree of energy implied by the art elements in specific compositional situations; amounts of visual thrust produced by such matters as dimension, placement, and accent.
  4. The comparative relationship of size between units or the parts of a whole; one of the principles of organization.
  5. The principle of organization in which certain visual elements assume more importance than others within the same composition or design. Some features are emphasized, and others are subordinated; often created by increased contrasts through the use of isolation, placement, direction, scale, and character.

5 True/False questions

  1. kinetic (art)From the Greek word "kinesis," meaning "motion"; art that involves an element of random or mechanical movement.


  2. economyThe distillation of the image to the basic essentials for clarity of presentation; one of the principles of organization.


  3. accentDifferences achieved by opposing, contrasting, changing, elaborating, or diversifying elements in a composition to add individualism and interest. It is an important principle of organization; the opposite of harmony.


  4. balanceA sense of equilibrium between areas of implied weight, attention, attraction, or moments of force; one of the principles of organization.


  5. harmonyA principle of organization in which parts of a composition are made to relate through commonality - repeated or shared characteristics, elements, or visual units; opposite of variety.


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