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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. closure
  2. variety
  3. approximate symmetry
  4. Gestalt, Gestalt psychology
  5. form
  1. a The use of similar imagery on either side of a central axis. The visual material on one side may resemble that on the other but is varied to prevent visual monotony.
  2. b 1.) The total appearance, organization, or inventive arrangement of all the visual elements according to the principles that will develop unity in the artwork; composition. 2.) Sculpture term for the shape of a 3D work.
  3. c A German word for "form"; an organized whole in experience. Promoted around 1912 as a theory to explain psychological phenomena by their relationships to total forms rather than their parts. Our reaction to the whole is greater than our reaction to its individual parts, and our minds integrate and organize chaotic stimuli so that we see complete patterns and recognizable shapes.
  4. d A concept from Gestalt psychology in which the mind perceives an incomplete pattern or information to be a complete, unified whole; the artist provides minimum visual clues, and the observer brings them to final recognition.
  5. e Differences achieved by opposing, contrasting, changing, elaborating, or diversifying elements in a composition to add individualism and interest. It is an important principle of organization; the opposite of harmony.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. Emanating from a center
  2. The distillation of the image to the basic essentials for clarity of presentation; one of the principles of organization.
  3. A principle of organization in which parts of a composition are made to relate through commonality - repeated or shared characteristics, elements, or visual units; opposite of variety.
  4. From the Greek word "kinesis," meaning "motion"; art that involves an element of random or mechanical movement.
  5. "Perfect" harmonious proportions that avoid extremes; the moderation between extremes.

5 True/False questions

  1. proportionThe comparative relationship of size between units or the parts of a whole; one of the principles of organization.


  2. asymmetryThe exact duplication of appearances in mirrorlike repetition on either side of a (usually imaginary) straight-lined central axis.


  3. motifA 3D, moving sculpture


  4. accentThe association of size relative to a constant standard of specific unit of measure related to human dimensions.


  5. tectonicThe quality of simple massiveness; 3D work lacking any significant extrusions or intrusions.


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