person who is presenting an oral message to a listener
whatever a speaker communicates to someone else
the means by which a message is communicated
the person who receives the speaker's message
the messages, usually nonverbal, sent from a listener to a speaker
(ex: facial expression, boos, applauses, body language)
anything that impedes the communication of a message. Can be external or internal to listeners
the time and place in which speech communication occurs
frame of reference
the sum of a person's knowledge, experience, goals, values, and attitudes. No two people can have exactly the same.
important to have so you don't offend anybody
the belief that one's own group or culture is superior to all other groups or cultures
the branch of philosophy that deals with issues of right and wrong in human affairs
presenting another person's language or ideas as one's own
stealing a speech entirely from a single source and passing it off as one's own
stealing ideas or language from 2 or 3 sources and passing them off as one's own
failing to give credit for particular parts of a speech that are borrowed from other people.
to restate or summarize an author's ideas in one's own words
focused, organized thinking about such things as the logical relationships among ideas, the soundness of evidence, and the differences between fact and opinion.
the tendency of people to be concerned above all with their own values, beliefs, and well-being
demographic audience analysis
audience analysis that focuses on demographic factors such as age, gender, religion, sexual orientation, group membership, and racial, ethnic, or cultural background
creating an oversimplified image of a particular group of people
situational audience analysis
audience analysis that focuses on situational factors such as the size of the audience, the physical setting for the speech, and the disposition of the audience toward the topic, the speaker, and the occasion.