Ch.6 The Lymphatic and Immune Systems

71 terms by moferry 

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anti

against

carcin

cancerous

immun

protect

lymph

lymph

lymphangi

lymph vessel

lymphaden

lymph gland

neo, ne

new

phag

eat, swallow

plasm

formation

sarc

flesh

splen

spleen

tic

pertaining to

tox

poison

acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)

most advanced and fatal stage of an HIV infection

allergen

substance that produces an allergic reaction in an individual.

anaphylaxis

severe response to an allergen

antibiotic
anti-against,bio-life & tic-pertaining to

medications that are capable of inhibiting growth, or killing pathogenic bacterial microorganisms

antifungal
anti-against,fung-fungus & al-pertaining to

agent that destroys or inhibits the growth of fungi

antigen

any substance that the body regards as being and includes viruses, bacteria, toxins and transplanted tissues

antigen-antibidy reaction

involves binding antigens to antibodies

autoimmune disorder

any of a large group of diseases characterized by a condition in which the immune sysytem produces antibodies aginst its own tissues

bacilli

rod-shaped spore-forming bacteria. Lockjaw or Tetanus. transmitted through a cut or wound

carcinoma
carcin-cancer & oma-tumor

maligant tumor that occurs in epithelial tissue

carcinoma in situ
In situ-in the place where the cancer first occurred

malignant tumor in its original postion that has not yet disturbed or invaded the surrounding tissues

complement

grounp of proteins that normally ciculate in the blood in an inactive form and are activated by contact with nonspecific antigens such as foreign bloos cells or bacteria

cytomegalovirus
cyt/o-cell,megal/o-large,vir-virus & us-singular noun ending

member of the herpesvirus family that cause a variety of diseases

cytotoxic drug
cyt/o-cell,tox-poison & ic-pertaining to

medication that kills or damages cells

ductal carcinoma in situ

is breast cancer at its earliest stage before tha cancer has broken through the wall of the milk duct

hemolytic
hem/o-blood & lytic-to destroy

function of destroying worn-out red blood cells and releasing their hemoglobin for reuse

herpes zoster

Shingles. acute viral infection characterized by painful skin eruptions that follow the underlying route of an inflamed nerve

Hodgkin's lymphoma

Hodgkin's disease. distinguished from other lymphomas by the presence of large, cancerous lymphocytes known as Reed Sternberg cell

human immunodeficiency virus

HIV. bloodborne infection in which the virus damages or kills the calls of the immune system

immunodeficiency disorder

occus when the immune response is weakened, reduced, absent or functioning properly

immunoglobulins

bind with specific antigens in the antigen-antibody response

immunosuppressant

is a substance that prevents or reduces the body's normal immune response

immunotherapy
immun/o-immune & therapy-treatment

is a disease treatment that involves either stimulating or repressing the immune response

infectious mononucleosis

Mono. caused by the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) This condition is characterized by fever, sore throat and elarged lymph nodes

infiltrating ductal carcinoma

starts in the milk duct, breaks through the wall of that duct and invades the fatty breast tissue.

interferon

family of proteins produced bt T cells whose specialty is fighting viruses by slowing or stopping their multiplication

lymphadenitis
lymphaden-lymph node & itis-inflammation

Swollen glands. Inflammation of the lymph nodes

lymphadenopathy
lymphaden/o-lymph node & pathy-diease

any disease process affecting a lymph node or nodes

lymphedema
lymph-lymph & edema-swelling

swelling due to an abnormal accumulation of lymph fluid within the tissue

lymphocytes
lymph/o-lymph & cytes-cells

white blood cells that are formrf in bone marrow as stem cells

lymphokines

are produced by the T cells whose specialty is fighting viruses by slowing or stopping their multiplication

lymphoma
lymph-lymph & oma-tumor

gteneral term applied applied to malignancies affecting lymphoid tissues

lymphoscintigraphy

diagnostic test that is performed to detect damage or malformations of the lymphatic vessals

macrophage
macro-large & phage-cell that eats

is a type of white blood cell that surrounds and kills invading cells

malaria

is a diease caused by a parasite that lives in certain mosquito that is transferred to humans by the biteof an infected mosquito

mammography
mammo/o-breast & graphy-producing a picture or record

radiographic examination of the breasts to detect the presenceof tumors or precancerous cells

metastasis
meta-beyond & stasis-stopping

is a new cancer site that results from the spreading process

myoma
my-muscle & oma-tumor

benign tumor made up of muscle tissue

myosarcoma
myo-muscle, sarc-flesh & oma-tumor

malignant tumor dervied from muscle tissue

non-Hodgkin's lymphoma

is the term used to dscribe all lymphomas other than Hodgkin's lymphoma

opportunistic infection

caused by a pathogen that does not normally producean illness in healthy humans.

osteosarcoma
oste/-bone,sarc-flesh & oma-tumor

malignant tumor usually involving the upper shaft of the long bone, the pelvis or knee

parasite

malaria. plant or animal that lives on or within another living organism at the expense of that organism.

pathogen

microorganism that causes a disease in humans

rabies

acute viral infection that is most commonly transmitted to humans bt the bite or saliva of an infected animal

rickettsia

Rocky Mountain spotted fever. small bacterium that lives in lice, fleas, ticks and mites

rubella

German Measles. viral infection characterized by a low-grade fever, swallon glands inflamed eyes and fine pink rash

sarcoma
sarc-flesh & oma-tumor

malignant tumor that arises from connective tissues, including hard tissues, soft tissues and liquid tissues

spirochetes

Lyme disease. spriral-shaped bacteria that have flexible walls and are capable of movement

splenomegaly
splen/o-spleen & megaly-abnormal enlargement

abnormal enlargement o the spleen

staphylocci

clusters resembling grapes, this specis of bacteria is harmless

streptococci

strep throat. bacteria that forma chain

teletherapy
tele-distant & therapy-treatment

radiation therapy administered at a distance from the body

tetanus

caused by bacillus and is transmitted through a cut or wound

toxoplasmosis

parasite which is transmitted from animal(pets) to human by contact with contaminated POO-POO

varicella

Chickenpox. caused by a herpes veirus and highly contagious

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