A point or statement in opposition to the argument being made.
Appeal to emotion
Building an argument using expressive language or other devices of presenting evidence.
Appeal to authority
Calling on an individual or other source as an expert to give credence to an argument made by an author of a work.
The general category or class of ideas, often stated in a word or phrase, to which the ideas of a passage as a whole belong.
A sentence intended to express the main idea in a paragraph or passage.
Firsthand information, such as an eyewitness account.
A source that is reporting on or analyzing information from another source.
The spreading of ideas, information, or rumor for the purpose of helping of injuring an institution, cause or person.
The quality or state of offering reasonable grounds for being believed.
Appeal to reason
Calling on a reader's ability to think in a rational way in order to cause a change in his or her thoughts.
An inclination of temperament or outlook; a personal and sometimes unreasoned judgment.
One of the four traditional forms of a composition in speech and writing which moves the reader by argument or entreaty to a belief or position.
A method used in speaking or writing to get an audience to agree with the speaker or writer's point of view.
Suitable or fit to be relied on; trustworthy.
A method of organization of information that incorporates diagrams or other pictorial devices.
The basic argument advanced by a speaker or writer who then attempts to prove it; the subject or major argument.
A truthful or factual condition; a logical argument; the evidence that the inferences drawn from test results are accurate.
An organizational structure of text in which events are placed in the order they occur in time.
The gist of a passage; the central thought; the chief topic of a passage expressed or implied in a word or phrase; the topic sentence of a paragraph; a statement in sentence form that gives the stated or implied major topic of a passage and the specific way the passage is limited in content or reference.