—repetition of consonant sounds, usually at the beginning of words, e.g., Sally sells sea shells...
—reference to a well-known text (book, song, movie, historical event, etc.), e.g., If it keeps raining, we'll have to build an ark.
—images and feelings associated with a word, e.g., nude (positive) versus naked (negative)
—Japanese form of poetry; traditionally about nature; follows syllabic pattern 5-7-5 (3 lines)
—exaggeration for effect, e.g., I'm so hungry I could eat a horse; I want to kiss your lips for eternity
—5 (penta) feet of unstressed/stressed syllable (iams), e.g., "Shall I compare thee to a summer's day"
—reversal of word order (syntax); usually done to follow rhythm or rhyme pattern, e.g., "Our milk supply is getting low,/ to the store I must go..."
—form of poetry that expresses thoughts & feelings in a song-like style (so it is rhythmic & flowing)
—comparison in which one thing "becomes" another, e.g., "I want to swim in the pools of your eyes."
—giving human characteristics to a non-living object or idea, e.g. The recliner swallowed me.
—used for emphasis, reader involvement, and rhythm, e.g., "EIEI-O" part of Old MacDonald's song
— patterns of rhyme; labeled with letters; e.g., couplet=2 lines (AA), tercet=3 lines (ABA or ABB), quatrain=4 lines (ABAB or ABBA), etc.
— 14 line poem that follows a strict rhyme scheme & meter (3 types: Shakespearean, Petrarchan, Spenserian)
— groups of lines within a poem separated by white space; usually share a common rhyme scheme in rhymed poetry
— concrete object that stands for an abstract idea, e.g., "Though your sins be as scarlet, they shall be white as snow." In which "scarlet" = sin/guilt and "white" = purity
—how a poem is arranged on the page, including line breaks, page layout/format, and spacing