—repetition of consonant sounds, usually at the beginning of words, e.g., Sally sells sea shells...
—reference to a well-known text (book, song, movie, historical event, etc.), e.g., If it keeps raining, we'll have to build an ark.
—images and feelings associated with a word, e.g., nude (positive) versus naked (negative)
—Japanese form of poetry; traditionally about nature; follows syllabic pattern 5-7-5 (3 lines)
—exaggeration for effect, e.g., I'm so hungry I could eat a horse; I want to kiss your lips for eternity
—5 (penta) feet of unstressed/stressed syllable (iams), e.g., "Shall I compare thee to a summer's day"
—reversal of word order (syntax); usually done to follow rhythm or rhyme pattern, e.g., "Our milk supply is getting low,/ to the store I must go..."
—form of poetry that expresses thoughts & feelings in a song-like style (so it is rhythmic & flowing)
—comparison in which one thing "becomes" another, e.g., "I want to swim in the pools of your eyes."
—recreation of sounds with "words," e.g., BUZZZ, pop, shhhh, whoosh, crack, bang, brrr
—giving human characteristics to a non-living object or idea, e.g. The recliner swallowed me.
—used for emphasis, reader involvement, and rhythm, e.g., "EIEI-O" part of Old MacDonald's song
— patterns of rhyme; labeled with letters; e.g., couplet=2 lines (AA), tercet=3 lines (ABA or ABB), quatrain=4 lines (ABAB or ABBA), etc.
— 14 line poem that follows a strict rhyme scheme & meter (3 types: Shakespearean, Petrarchan, Spenserian)
— groups of lines within a poem separated by white space; usually share a common rhyme scheme in rhymed poetry
— concrete object that stands for an abstract idea, e.g., "Though your sins be as scarlet, they shall be white as snow." In which "scarlet" = sin/guilt and "white" = purity
—how a poem is arranged on the page, including line breaks, page layout/format, and spacing