Language Acquisition Device (LAD)
according to Noam Chomsky, an innate mechanism or process in the brain that facilitates the learning of language., A biologically organized mental structure in the brain that facilitates the learning of language because (according to Chomsky) it is innately programmed with some of the fundamental rules of grammar.
the rules of a language, specifying how to use words, morphemes, and syntax to produce understandable sentences
smallest units of sound in the human language, like consonants or vowels
smallest meaningful units of speech; simple words, suffixes, prefixes; examples: red, hot, calm, -ed, pre-
applying a grammatical rule too widely and creating incorrect forms
a mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people based on experience
concepts people form as a result of their experiences in the real world
Concepts defined by rules, such as word definition and mathematical formulas.
levels of concepts, from most general to most specific, in which a more general level includes more specific concepts
Grouping or cluster of knowledge about an object or sequence of events
general descriptions of what occurs and when it occurs in a particular situation
step by step procedures that guarantee a solution
Cognitive strategies or "rules of thumb" used as shortcuts to solve complex mental tasks.
a tendency to approach a problem in a particular way, often a way that has been successful in the past
the tendency to think of things only in terms of their usual functions and not for any other purpose
the tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one would have foreseen it (Hindsight is 20/20)
A faulty heuristic caused by basing (anchoring) an estimate on a completely unrelated quantity.
Faulty heuristic strategy based on the presumption that once or people or events are categorized, they share all the features of other members in that category.
A faulty heuristic strategy that estimates probabilities based on information that can be recalled form personal experience.
The natural abilities that people possess
the process of solving problems by combining ideas or behavior in new ways