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Pulmonary Artery

a blood vessel that carries oxygen-poor blood from heart to lungs

Angina

chest pain relieved with nitroglycerin

Cardiac Arrhythmia

fibrillation

Petechiae

small, pinpoint hemorrhages

Systole

contraction phase of the heartbeat

Mitral Valve

located between the left upper and lower chambers of the heart

Pericardium

sac like membrane surrounding the heart

Sinoatrial Node

sensitive tissue in the right atrium wall that begins the heartbeat

Coronary Arteries

blood vessels branching from the aorta to carry oxygen rich blood to the heart muscle

Cardiomyopathy

disease of the heart muscle

Phlebitis

inflammation of the vein

Sphygmomanometer

instrument to measure blood pressure

Aneurysm

a local widening of an artery

Cyanosis

bluish coloration of the skin

Ischemia

can lead to myocardial infraction, blood is held back from an area, can be caused by thrombotic occlusion of a blood vessel and may be a result of coronary artery disease

ECHO-echocardiogram

high frequency sound waves are transmitted into the chest

Phlebotomy

incision of a vein

Endarterectomy

removal of plaque from an artery

Holter Monitor

an EKG taken during daily activity (electrocardiogram)

Mitral Valve Prolapse

click-murmur syndrome

Tetralogy of Fallot

four separate congenital heart defects

Paten means

Open

Idiopathic

the cause of essential hypertension

Digitalis

drug used to strengthen the heartbeat

Serum Enzymes

CK-creatine kinase, LD-lactate dehydrogenase, and AST-aspartate aminotransferase (SGOT)-serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase

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