What are three ways the Civil War Amendments expanded democratic rights?
1. Right for citizenship for former slaves
2. Right to vote not based on race, color, or "previous servitude.
3. They abolished slavery.
What is the overall purpose of the Bill of Rights?
To list the Civil Rights that may not be taken away by the government.
What is the 26th amendment? Why was the 26th amendment adopted?
What? The 26th amendment was the right to vote for anyone 18 years old or older. Why? So people being drafted in the army also had the right to vote.
Who are the officers of the executive branch?
1. The President
2. The Vice President
What is the primary duty of the executive branch?
to carry out the nation's laws.
State one check that the executive branch has on other branches.
The president can veto the bills.
Who are the officers in charge of the judicial branch?
The justices of the court.
To bring changes of serious wrong-doing against a public official.
Who are the officers in charge of the legislative branch.
1. the Speaker of the House
2. the President of the Senate
What is the primary duty of the legislative branch?
to make laws.
State one check that the legislative branch has on other branches.
They can override a veto.
List the goals of the Constitution (in the Preamble)
1. To form a more perfect union.
2. To establish justice and make laws fair.
3.To ensure domestic tranquility and to keep peace at home.
4. To provide for the common defense and protect the people's freedoms.
5. To promote the general welfare and promote the well-being of people.
6. To secure the blessings of liberty and to provide for the nation's defense.
All government power belongs to the people.
The government can only do what the people say it can do.
Individual rights are protected.
A group of electors from every state meet every four years to vote for the President and Vice President of the U.S.
To reject as when the President rejects a law passed by Congress.
To override, as when Congress overrules a presidential veto.
Noncitizen living in the country.
The most important goal of the Constitution is...
to unite the states and form a single nation.
The opening statement of the United States Constitution.
The sections of the Constitution.
Separation of Powers
Power is also divided between three braches of the national government.
Checks and Balances
Each branch of the national government is able to check the power of the other branches.
Power id divided between the national government and the state governments.
Citizens elect representatives to carry out the will of the people.
List 5 services of a state government
1.Maintaining law and order
4. Supervising public education
5. Building and maintaining highways.
How does an adult become a naturalized citizen?
1. Legally living in the U.S. for 5 years
2. Submitting an application
3. Passing tests on American History, government, and the English language.
4. Showing good moral character.
5. Swearing an oath of allegiance.
List 3 basic responsibilities of a citizen and a reason for fulfilling each.
1. Voting: People should be informed in order to vote for candidates who will best represent them.
2. Obeying laws: Laws are made to protect all citizens, so citizens should obey them.
3. Being Informed: People cannot protect their rights unless they are informed about current events, laws, and government.
List 3 services of a local government.
1. Run schools that are supervised by the state.
2. Provides firefighters, police, and garbage collectors.
3. Provides sewers and water.
The system of highways, bridges, and tunnels.
What 2 ways can a person be considered a citizen of the U.S. by birth.
1. One must be born in the U.S.
2. Be born to at least one parent who is a U.S. citizen.
Feeling of love and devotion toward one's country.
Person who enters another nation in order to settle there.
5 basic rights U.S. citizens enjoy.
1. Freedom of speech
2. Freedom of religion
3. Freedom to own property.
4. Freedom to travel freely.
5.The right to a fair trial.
In the state government, power is determined by:
In the Local Governments power is determine by:
the state government.
Fourth Amendment provision
Protection from unlawful searches.
Fifth Amendment provision
Freedom from self-incrimination.
First Amendment provision
Individual freedoms, such as speech, religion, press, assembly, and petition.
Second Amendment provision
Right to bear arms and form militias.
Third Amendment provision
Freedom from having to house troops in one's home.
What is the primary duty of the judicial branch?
They decide what the Constitution means.
State one check that the judicial branch has on other branches.
They declare laws unconstitutional.