British policy that granted Hitler everything he could reasonably want (and more) in order to avoid war.
a private army under Mussolini who destroyed socialist newspapers, union halls, and Socialist party headquarters, eventually pushing Socialists out of the city governments of Northern Italy.
"lightening war" using planes, tanks, and trucks, the first example of which Hitler used to crush Poland in four weeks.
the forcible consolidation of individual peasant farms into large, state-controlled enterprises.
act pushed through the Reichstag by the Nazis which gave Hitler absolute dictatorial power for four years.
Agreement by allies to concentrate on Europe and then japan because japan was considered less of a threat
a movement characterized by extreme, often expansionist nationalism, an antisocialism aimed at destroying working-class movements, alliances with powerful capitalists and landowners, a dynamic and violent leader, and glorification of war and the military
Five Year Plan
launched by Stalin and termed "revolution from above," the ultimate goal of the plans was to generate new attitudes, new loyalties, and a new socialist humanity.
"leader-dictator" with unlimited, arbitrary power, this name was bestowed upon Adolf Hitler.
better-off peasants who were stripped under Stalin of land and livestock. They were generally not permitted to join the collective farms and many of them starved or were deported to force-labor camps for "re-education."
a movement born of extreme nationalism and racism and dominated by Adolph Hitler for as long as it lasted.
New Economic Policy
Lenin's policy to re-establish limited economic freedom in an attempt to rebuild agriculture and industry in the face of economic disintegration.
Hitler's program based on the guiding principle of racial imperialism, which gave preferential treatment to the Nordic peoples. The French, an "inferior" Latin people, occupied a middle position. Slavs in the conquered territories to the east were treated with harsh hatred as "subhumans."
a dictatorship that exercises unprecedented control over the masses and seeks to mobilize them for action.
the north (north-western) part of Czechoslovakia.
In continental Europe by 1939, only this country remained true to liberal political ideals:
French thinker. Wrote "The Era of Tyrannies". said that fascism, Nazism, and communism could all be thought of as "feuding brothers"
What is considered the turning point of WWII?
What year did Lenin die?
On the Black Sea; the Big Three met in February 1945 in southern Russia; it was agreed that Germany would be divided into zones of occupation and would pay heavy reparations to the Soviet Union in the form of agricultural and industrial goods.
Who is considered the most prominent Bolshevik feminist? She said that sex had no more significance than "drinking a glass of water"
Who was Stalin's number two man?
The Night of Long Knives
On this night in 1934, the SS arrested and shot roughly a thousand SA leaders and assorted political enemies:
These laws classified as Jewish anyone having one or more jewish grandparents and deprived of all rights of citezenship.
Mussolini officially recognized the Vatican City as a tiny, independent state. he also agreed to give the church heavy financial support.
Vienna's mayor, who Hitler was very impressed with:
A well-organized wave of anti-semetic violence which smashed windows, looted shops, and destroyed homes and synagogues.
the Rome-Berlin Axis
The name of the alliance between Italy and Germany:
the british prime minister who strongly supported the policy of appeasement with germany. he said that we can have "peace in our time"
French govt under Henri Phillipe Petain, that allied with germany.
September 1, 1939
German armies invaded Poland on this date. Cosnsidered the start of WWII:
the leader of the SS. came up with the "final solution to the Jewish problem"
Who said: "Everything in the state, nothing outside the state, nothing against the state"?
Battle in which Americans established American naval superiority in the pacific.
In this battle, allied naval/air power stopped the Japanese advance and also relieved Australia from the threat of invasion.
About how many people total died in WWII?
what was the name of the allies' strategy in the pacific?
Spanish General; organized the revolt in Morocco, which led to the Spanish Civil War. Leader of the Nationalists - right wing, supported by Hitler and Mussolini, won the Civil War after three years of fighting.
"living space". hitler's plan to expand germany
In 1941, the US lent money and resources to the European states to help reconstruction.
Line of defense built by France to protect against German invasion. Stretched from Belgium to Switzerland.
1938; Chamberlain, France and other countries (not the USSR); they agreed that Sudentenland should be ceded to Germany; Chamberlain secured peace with Germany.
final meeting of Stalin, Truman, and Atlee (Roosevelt was dead, Churchill was gone). Stalin said that no free-economic countries were allowed to exist in eastern Europe.
Meeting in 1943; Stalin, Roosevelt, Churchill; confirmed their defense to crush Hitler.
The annexation of Austria by Germany in 1938.
A mass flee of British troops of the coast of France, disaster, lost thousands of machines and vehicles
Combined German and Italian forces were beaten near Alexandria, which lead to the Allied taking of Morocco and Algeria
battle of the bulge
The allies finally cross the Rhine into germany! (in this battle)
the german air force
Who was known as the "Desert Fox"?