Language of Medicine -Ch 12-Answers to Terminology

52 terms by kooistras 

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adenoidectomy

Removal of adenoids.

adenoid hypertrophy

Excessive development (enlargement) of adenoids.

alveolar

Pertaining to an alveolus.

bronchospasm

Involuntary contraction of muscles in the walls of bronchial tubes.

bronchiectasis

Dilation of bronchial tubes.

bronchodilator

A substance (chemical or drug) that widens bronchial tubes to make breathing easier.

bronchopleural

Pertaining to a bronchial tube and pleura or pleural cavity.

bronchiolitis

Inflammation of bronchioles.

hypercapnia

Excessive carbon dioxide in the blood.

pneumoconiosis

Abnormal condition of dust in the lungs.

cyanosis

Condition of bluish coloration of skin caused by decreased oxygen in the blood.

epiglottitis

Inflammation of the epiglottis.

laryngeal

Pertaining to the larynx.

laryngospasm

Contraction of the muscles of the larynx.

laryngitis

Inflammation of the voice box.

lobectomy

Removal of a lobe (of the lung).

mediastinoscopy

Visual examination of the mediastinum.

paranasal sinuses

Pertaining to spaces in the skull that are near, alongside, the nose and nasal cavities.

nasogastric intubation

Tube placed from the nose into the stomach.

orthopnea

Breathing discomfort in any position but erect, sitting, or standing straight.

hypoxia

Deficiency of oxygen (anoxia) due to decreased oxygen in blood.

expectoration

Expulsion of material (mucus or phlegm).

pharyngeal

Pertaining to the throat.

dysphonia

Difficult (abnormal) voice; hoarseness or any voice impairment.

phrenic nerve

Nerve carrying messages from the brain to the diaphragm.

pleurodynia

Pain associated with inflammation of irritation of pleura (or pain from intercostal muscles).

pleural effusion

Fluid collects in the pleural cavity (space).

pneumothorax

Air within the pleural cavity surrounding the lungs.

pneumonectomy

Removal of a lung.

pulmonary

Pertaining to lungs.

Rhinoplasty

Surgical repair of the nose.

rhinorrhea

Discharge from the nose.

sinusitis

Inflammation of sinuses.

spirometer

Instrument to measure breathing (the air taken into and exhaled from the lungs).

expiration

The expulsion of air from the lungs.

respiration

Breathing (inspiration and expiration).

atelectasis

Incomplete expansion of a lung (collapsed lung).

thoracotomy

Incision of the chest.

thoracic

Pertaining to the chest.

tonsillectomy

Removal of tonsils.

tracheotomy

Incision of the trachea.

tracheal stenosis

Pertaining to narrowing of the trachea.

empyema

Pus in the pleural cavity.

anosmia

Absence of the sense of smell.

apnea

Stoppage of breathing.

dyspnea

Difficult breathing.

hyperpnea

Increase in depth of breathing.

tachypnea

Increase in rate of breathing; shallow respirations.

Hemoptysis

Spitting up blood.

asphyxia

Decrease in the amount of oxygen and increase in amount of carbon dioxide in the blood leading to absence of pulse.

hemothorax

Blood in the pleural cavity; seen in pneumonia, tuberculosis, or carcinoma.

pyothorax

Pus in the pleural cavity (empyema of the chest).

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