Core Geography

20 terms by suec

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

Required vocabulary for paper 1

Migration

The movement of people, involving a change of residence. It can be internal or external (international) and voluntary or forced. It does not include temporary circulations such as commuting or tourism.

Remittances

Transfers of money/goods by foreign workers to their home countries.

Soil degradation

A severe reduction in the quality of soils. The term includes soil erosion, salinization and soil exhaustion (loss of fertility).

physical water scarcity

where water resource development is approaching or has exceeded unsustainable levels; it relates water availability to water demand and implies that arid areas are not necessarily water scarce

economic water scarcity,

where water is available locally but not accessible for human, institutional or financial capital reasons.

Core and periphery

The concept of a developed core surrounded by an undeveloped periphery. The concept can be applied at various scales.

Ecological footprint

The theoretical measurement of the amount of land and water a population requires to produce the resources it consumes and to absorb its waste under prevailing technology.

Global climate change

The changes in global patterns of rainfall and temperature, sea level, habitats and the incidences of droughts, floods and storms, resulting from changes in the Earth's atmosphere, believed to be mainly caused by the enhanced greenhouse effect.

GNI

Gross national income (now used in preference to gross national product—GNP). The total value of goods and services produced within a country together with the balance of income and payments from or to other countries.

Crude Birth Rate

the number of live births yearly per thousand people in a population

natural increase

Crude death rate subtracted from crude birthrate

dependency ratio

The number of people under the age of 15 and over age 64, compares to the number of people active in the labor force.

forced migration

Permanent movement compelled usually by cultural factors.

voluntary migration

Permanent movement undertaken by choice.

Human Development Index (HDI)

Indicator of level of development for each country, constructed by United Nations, combining income, literacy, education, and life expectancy.

Biodiversity

the diversity of plant and animal life in a particular habitat (or in the world as a whole)

Sustainability

the ability to meet current needs without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs

Substitution

where one resource is substituted for another

anti-natal policy

a policy which encourages the population to have less children.

recycling

conservation method in which old materials are processed to make new ones

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set