Change in technology, brought about by improvements in machinery and by use of steam power
The process of consolidating small landholdings into a smaller number of larger farms in England during the eighteenth century.
Early industrial labor system in which workers produced goods at home
a method of production that brought many workers and machines together into one building
the condition of being automatically operated or controlled
identical components that can be used in place of one another in manufactoring
Division of labor
Manufacturing technique that breaks down a craft into many simple and repetitive tasks that can be performed by unskilled workers.
In a factory, an arrangement where a product is moved from worker to worker, with each person performing a single task in the making of the product.
the principles of a body of 19th century English reformers who advocated better social and economic conditions for working people
A system in which the government takes responsibility for its citizen's social and economic needs.
government ownership of the means of production and the distribution of goods for the presumed welfare of society
Belief that if the inequities in society could be abolished, man's natural goodness could be perfected.
every social, political or religious movement springs from a desire by one group of people to take economic advantage of another group.
the industrial working class
the middle class, including merchants, industrialists, and professional people
Members of a late nineteenth-century socialist movement in Britain who advocated gradual reform rather than revolutions and supported the Labour party.
believed that the evils of industrial society could be fixed by following christian principles
A 19th century artistic movement in which writers and painters sought to show life as it is rather than life as it should be
a school of late 19th century French painters who pictured appearances by strokes of unmixed colors to give the impression of reflected light
A late nineteenth-century style that relies on the Impressionist use of color and spontaneous brushwork but that employs these elements as expressive devices.
Founded the Salvation Army
one of the Greatest Evangelists in the 19th century he created the Moody Bible Institute
founded many orphanages
father of the sunday school movement
Known as prince of preachers
founded the YMCA
Model of an atom
theory of evolution
E=mc2 relationship of matter & energy; theory of relativity.
nucleus and electrons
realist painter; did not paint nonexistent or unseen things
French composer who is said to have created impressionism in music (1862-1918)
French impressionist painter (1840-1926)
one of the foremost sculptors of the 19th cen; unfinished look
Forerunner of expressionism in painting
Father of the Industrial Revolution
He created the first assembly line used for manufacturing of automobiles