Am. History Ch. 23 Section 1 & 2

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American History Chapter 23 Sections 1 and 2 Vocabulary

Militarism

Policy of making military power a primary goal of a nation

Zimmerman Telegram

Telegram telling the German ambassador to ask Mexico to declare war on the U.S.

Central Powers

World War I alliance of Germany, Austria-Humgary, the Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria

General John. J. Pershing

Commander of American forces in Europe in World War I

Propaganda

Opinions expressed for the purpose of influencing the actions of others

American Expeditionary Forces

The American army that fought in Europe in World War I

Sedition Act

1918 law that made it illegal to criticize the government

Trench Warfare

Warfare in which soldiers dug into deep trenches across the battlefield

Allies

World War I alliance of Great Britain, France, Russia, Italy, Serbia ant others

U-Boat

German submarine

Communism

Single-party political system in which the government controls and plans the economy with the goal of common ownership of all property

Espionage Act

1917 law that set heavy fines and lon prison terms for antiwar activities

Committee on public information

Government organization that produced propaganda to build support for the war

War bonds

A low-interest loan by civilians to the government meant to be repaid in a number of years

War Industries Board

Managed the buying and distribution of war materials;set goals for production, ordered construction of new factories and with the president's approval, also set prices

Nationalism

Pride in and loyalty to nation

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