Definition of Religion
beliefs and practices people have that give them meaning, purpose, and a sense of a reaction in the world. latin word comes from "religio" meaning "tie back or tie again, to the ultimate reality or source", knowledge of mystery, sacred and encountering invisible reality.
Beliefs (imagination), faith, spirituality, sacred, mystery, & rituals in religion
every human has belief, imagination, and faith; sacred vices profane is like seeing the very special from the very ordinary; mystery is like knowing the unknown, the unseen and awesome reality; ritual is an ordinary thing we do in special ways often since it always works.
Reasons for Religion
to meet and satisfy human's deepest needs; provide purpose, meaning and belonging; provide answers to human's never ending questions.
Usefulness of religion helps us find meaning and answers to life questions
Who are we? Who am i?; Where we came from? Where do I go from here?; Why are we in this world? Why am I here in this world?; Why people dream, suffer, or die? Why me?; What is the meaning of life and death?; What happened to people when they died? What will happen to me when I die?
Similarities and differences of Religion & Culture
Both express who we are; religion is the core of culture; culture is reflection of religion.
Similarities and differences of religion & philosophy
Both seek to find answers to human questions; religion offers answers and practice; philosophy has no practice
Similarities and differences of Religion & science
both seek to find solutions to human problems; religion uses rational and non rational means to do this but science claims to use only rational means.
The Issues of Gender and Sex in Connection to Spirituality in religion
male imageries, and influences in religion; female imageries, and influences in religion; sex and spirituality in religion
Disadvantages or pitfalls of religion
misused and abuse of religion by leaders and others, extremism- believing that those oppose to us must be destroyed; orthodoxy- believing that we are right they are wrong; absolutism- believing we are the one only right answer; fundamentalism- believing our way is the real way; liberals- believing we need broad view on everything; conservatism- believing we need narrow view on all things; division- believing there are many differences to be together; escapism- believing it is best to avoid reality and duties; "Holy or Just war"- believing it is right to kill for holy or just reasons.
eternity, time, prehistory & history
pre-historic age (before 30,000 BCE)
hunting and gathering age (30,000 to 10,000 BCE)
agriculture and domestic age (10,000 to 5,000 BCE)
ancient empire age (5,000 to 1,500 BCE)
multi-religious awakening age (1,500 BCE to 500 BCE)
middle age (500 BCE to 1,500 CE)
modern age (1,500 CE to 1,950)
post-modern age (1,950 CE to present)
Ten Common Religious Elements
Description & Development
God or Ultimate Reality
Origin of the Universe and Humans
Destiny of the Universe and Humans
Worship, Practices, and Behaviors