Survey of Jazz and Pop. Music
|Falsetto Break||Expressiveness in the voice, field holler, street cry, voice cracking, work songs.|
|Traditional Harmony||Harmonic progressions|
|Melodic Sense||Melodies designed to be easily sung by the masses.|
|Structured Forms||Thought out and planned forms.|
|Broadsides||sheet music that originally only contained words.|
|Ballad Operas||Characters were common people rather than royalty. Sung in English.|
|Pleasure Garden||Modern theme park, main venue for entertainment. 1760s first american PG in New York.|
|Belcanto||Sophisticated, smooth, yet dramatic. 1800- operas were increasingly dramatic.|
|"one step" dance||Influenced by marching bands. 1800s.|
|John Phillip Sousa (1854-1932)|| The "March King"|
-conductor of marine bands
-he didn't like "recording" - its looses human contact.
-americas first "super group"
-copyright reform and royalty payments.
|Catholics (religious influence)||As slave owners, they were cruel but didn't care about what the slaves did in their own time. worship- similar to voodoo and rhythmic.|
|Protestants (religious influence)|| More conservative, "very british." |
-more concerned about what the slaves did on their own time and tried to convert them.
-the slaves began to adopt more of the masters traditions.
|The Great Awakening|| 1800s- blending of Euro religious music and west african music. |
music for people- by the people
|Negro Preacher|| Call and response rhythmic preaching styles.|
dramatic responses- moaning, fainting, shouting.
*disappears during slavery.
|Psalmody|| Singing the words of a biblical psalm|
New England 1650
|Lining Out||Preacher spoke and the congregation sang back.|
|Folk Hymn||Ballad tune with religious words.|
|Stephen Foster (1826-1864)|| First full-time professional song writer in the US.|
-Wrote 200 songs between 1840 and 1860.
-master at creating a "hook"
|Plantation Melodies||Blending american and african lyrics. (stephen foster)|
|James Bland (1854-1911)|| First full-time (black) song writer in the US.|
-"carry me back to ole virginny" now the state song of virginia.
|Louis Moreau Gottchalk (1829-1869)||First american concert pianist. Studied classical piano in paris. witnessed congo square as a child.|
|Minstrel Shows|| Originally american form of entertainment. Vaudeville, Burlesque, Musical comedy.|
Based on Negro, Dance, and Music.
|Thomas "Daddy" Rice (1808-1861)||First american born performer to export american true music. "Jumpin Jim Crow" character. First time that they saw these shows in a profit perspective.|
|Dan Emmett|| 1843- first appearance of the virginia mintrels. |
solidified the "three act" show.
|Characters of the "Virginia Minstrels"||Interlocutor, Tambo, and Bones.|
|Interlocutor||"the ring master"|
|Tambo||slim, joyous, tambourine player.|
|Bones||big and fat.|
|Christys Mintrels||Over 200 performers.|
|3- part show|| 1- began with a half circle and ended with a cake walk.|
2- olio: series of solo acts (variety); this influenced vaudeville, usually ended in a "hoedown."
3- Parody of "uncle toms cabin" (best selling book) or featured plantation songs.
|Georgia Minstrels (1865)||First successful black troupe.|
|William Henry Lane (1825-1853)||"the greatest of all minstrel dancers".|
|Paul Dresser|| Sentimental ballads. |
"on the banks of wabash"- indiana
|Albert "Harry" Von Hilzer (1872-1946)|| "daddy of popular song"|
-limited vocal range
-"take me out to the ball game."
|Charles K. Harris|| "King of the tear jerker"|
- after the ball, first pop. song to sell 5 million copies of sheet music. Sousas band performed it at the worlds fair.
|1893 Worlds Fair|| Columbian Exposition in Chicago.|
Live music: sousas band and pianists for every ride.
|Ragtime||"Ragged Time" closing of the red light district. "Storyville" of new orleans.|
|Sedalion, Missouri||where ragtime originated from.|
|First published rag time songs|| "Harlem rag"- Tom Turpin|
"Missouri Rag"- William Krell
|Scott Joplin (1868-1917)|| Texarkana, TX. "the greatest composer of rag"|
Studied classical piano
Attended the 1893 Worlds Fair
"Maple Leaf Rag"
|Million Rag' sellers|| Maple Leaf Rag|
Wild Cherries Rag
12th St Rag
|Main consumers for ragtime||white, young, females.|
|George L. Cobb|| " He could Rag anything"|
|Ferdinand "Jelly Roll" Morton|| Most famous ragtime player|
creole of color
tried to emulate the whole band.
claimed that he "invented jazz"
Jelly roll morton and his red hot peppers.