Expressiveness in the voice, field holler, street cry, voice cracking, work songs.
Melodies designed to be easily sung by the masses.
Thought out and planned forms.
sheet music that originally only contained words.
Characters were common people rather than royalty. Sung in English.
Modern theme park, main venue for entertainment. 1760s first american PG in New York.
Sophisticated, smooth, yet dramatic. 1800- operas were increasingly dramatic.
"one step" dance
Influenced by marching bands. 1800s.
John Phillip Sousa (1854-1932)
The "March King"
-conductor of marine bands
-he didn't like "recording" - its looses human contact.
-americas first "super group"
-copyright reform and royalty payments.
Catholics (religious influence)
As slave owners, they were cruel but didn't care about what the slaves did in their own time. worship- similar to voodoo and rhythmic.
Protestants (religious influence)
More conservative, "very british."
-more concerned about what the slaves did on their own time and tried to convert them.
-the slaves began to adopt more of the masters traditions.
The Great Awakening
1800s- blending of Euro religious music and west african music.
music for people- by the people
Call and response rhythmic preaching styles.
dramatic responses- moaning, fainting, shouting.
*disappears during slavery.
Singing the words of a biblical psalm
New England 1650
Preacher spoke and the congregation sang back.
Ballad tune with religious words.
Stephen Foster (1826-1864)
First full-time professional song writer in the US.
-Wrote 200 songs between 1840 and 1860.
-master at creating a "hook"
Blending american and african lyrics. (stephen foster)
James Bland (1854-1911)
First full-time (black) song writer in the US.
-"carry me back to ole virginny" now the state song of virginia.
Louis Moreau Gottchalk (1829-1869)
First american concert pianist. Studied classical piano in paris. witnessed congo square as a child.
Originally american form of entertainment. Vaudeville, Burlesque, Musical comedy.
Based on Negro, Dance, and Music.
Thomas "Daddy" Rice (1808-1861)
First american born performer to export american true music. "Jumpin Jim Crow" character. First time that they saw these shows in a profit perspective.
1843- first appearance of the virginia mintrels.
solidified the "three act" show.
Characters of the "Virginia Minstrels"
Interlocutor, Tambo, and Bones.
"the ring master"
slim, joyous, tambourine player.
big and fat.
Over 200 performers.
3- part show
1- began with a half circle and ended with a cake walk.
2- olio: series of solo acts (variety); this influenced vaudeville, usually ended in a "hoedown."
3- Parody of "uncle toms cabin" (best selling book) or featured plantation songs.
Georgia Minstrels (1865)
First successful black troupe.
William Henry Lane (1825-1853)
"the greatest of all minstrel dancers".
"on the banks of wabash"- indiana
Albert "Harry" Von Hilzer (1872-1946)
"daddy of popular song"
-limited vocal range
-"take me out to the ball game."
Charles K. Harris
"King of the tear jerker"
- after the ball, first pop. song to sell 5 million copies of sheet music. Sousas band performed it at the worlds fair.
1893 Worlds Fair
Columbian Exposition in Chicago.
Live music: sousas band and pianists for every ride.
"Ragged Time" closing of the red light district. "Storyville" of new orleans.
where ragtime originated from.
First published rag time songs
"Harlem rag"- Tom Turpin
"Missouri Rag"- William Krell
Scott Joplin (1868-1917)
Texarkana, TX. "the greatest composer of rag"
Studied classical piano
Attended the 1893 Worlds Fair
"Maple Leaf Rag"
Million Rag' sellers
Maple Leaf Rag
Wild Cherries Rag
12th St Rag
Main consumers for ragtime
white, young, females.
George L. Cobb
" He could Rag anything"
Ferdinand "Jelly Roll" Morton
Most famous ragtime player
creole of color
tried to emulate the whole band.
claimed that he "invented jazz"
Jelly roll morton and his red hot peppers.