Piaget's Stages of Cognitive Development

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Sensorimotor (ages 0-2 years)

Cognitive development comes through use of body and senses

Sensorimotor (ages 0-2 years)

No object permanence until later in this stage

Sensorimotor (ages 0-2 years)

Productive language absent until end of period

Sensorimotor (ages 0-2 years)

Egocentrism

Sensorimotor (ages 0-2 years)

Educational Implication: Provide multiple objects for stimulation of various shapes, colors and sizes

Sensorimotor (ages 0-2 years)

Educational Implication: Allow students to actively engage environmental objects

Preoperational (ages 2-7 years).

Begins using symbols but cannot manipulate them

Preoperational (ages 2-7 years).

Realism, animism, artificialism, transductive reasoning, centering, egocentrism and irreversibility

Preoperational (ages 2-7 years).

Egocentric and socialized speech

Preoperational (ages 2-7 years).

Educational Implication: Deferred imitation, symbolic play, drawing and mental images

Preoperational (ages 2-7 years).

Educational Implication: Encourage the use of language

Concrete operational (ages 7-11 years)

Can perform mental operations with the use of concrete objects, not verbal statements

Concrete operational (ages 7-11 years)

Conservation, seriation, classification and number concepts

Concrete operational (ages 7-11 years)

Educational Implication: Verbal understanding

Concrete operational (ages 7-11 years)

Educational Implication: Classification activities

Concrete operational (ages 7-11 years)

Educational Implication: Integrated activities that allow students to make connections between ideas previously thought to be separate

Formal operational
(ages 11 years and up)

Released from the restrictions of tangible and concrete

Formal operational
(ages 11 years and up)

May separate real from the possible, hypothetic/deductive reasoning

Formal operational
(ages 11 years and up)

Development of logico-mathematical structures

Formal operational
(ages 11 years and up)

Language freed from concrete, able to express the possible

Formal operational
(ages 11 years and up)

Educational Implication: Challenge, do not frustrate

Formal operational
(ages 11 years and up)

Educational Implication: Be aware of adolescent limitations

Formal operational
(ages 11 years and up)

Educational Implication: Encourage analysis of information in drawing conclusions

Sensorimotor (ages 0-2 years)

(ages 0-2 years)

Preoperational (ages 2-7 years).

(ages 2-7 years).

Concrete operational (ages 7-11 years)

(ages 7-11 years)

Formal operational
(ages 11 years and up)

(ages 11 years and up)

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