Marine Life Vocabulary

Created by bmlogan45 

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Aquatic Biome

one of the fundamental biome classifications; a biome in water

biome

climatically and geographically defined as similiar climatic conditions on the Earth, such as communities of plants, animals, and soil organisms

brackish

slightly salty

decomposer

an organism that breaks down the cells of a dead plant or animal into simpler substances

detritivore

an organism that uses organic waste as a food source

estuary

the part of the mouth/lower region of a river where the river current meets the sea's tide

Marine Biome

Biomes of the coastal and continental shelf areas

pelagic

living or growing at or near the surface of the ocean, far from land

top predator

the organism at the top of the food chain

coral reefs

underwater structures made from calcium carbonate secrated by corals. Harbor the most diverse ecosystems on Earth

vent communities

a volanic vent that sprouts out geothermally heated water; host complex communities

abyssal plain

an underwater plain on the deep ocean floor, found at the depths of 3,000 and 6,000 meters. The deepest living fish was found at this depth

mangrove forest

a tree/shrub of medium height. It occurs in tropics or subtropics and exists in brackish and pure salt water

estuary

a partly enclosed coastal body of water with one or more rivers or streams flowing into it. It has a connection to the sea

coast lines

where the land meets the ocean. Also known as littoral zone or the inter tidal zone

kelp forest

underwater areas with a high density of kelp. It is one of the most productive and dynamic ecosystems on Earth

canivore

an animal that eats other animals

herbivore

an animal that eats plants

nekton

animals that swim strongly

consumer

any animal (a living thing that eats plants or other animals to get its energy)

producer

any plant (a living thing that takes energy from the sun and creates sugar)

benthos

plants and animals that crawl on the ocean floor

plankton

plants and animals that float in the ocean

benthic

the bottom of the ocean

nutrients

the building blocks of life that living need to survive

photic

the layer of the ocean that has light

mixed layer

the layer of the ocean that is well mixed by wind

aphotic

the layer of the ocean with no light

zooplankton

tiny animals that float in the ocean

phytoplankton

tiny plants that float in the ocean

coastal upwelling

zones where water that is rich in nutrients come to the surface

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