Chapter 4

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Give 3 examples of the Agents of Socialization

the persons, groups, or institutions that teach us what we need to know in order to participate in society Peer group: a group of people who are linked by common interest equal social position, and similar in age Mass media: large scale organizations that use print or electronic means such as radio, TV film and internet to communicate with large numbers of people conscious Ex:Family/class Neighborhood Religion Daycare School and peer groups Sports

What are the stages in the development of self (attribute the correct stages to the scholar who developed them)

Piaget: Sensor motor stage (birth to age 2)- children understand the world through sensory contact and immediate action Concrete operational stage 7-11 children think of tangible object sand events Formal operational sage 12 and up adolescent begin to think of the future and evaluate different courses of action

Id

(self gratification)component of personality that includes all of the individuals basic biological drives and needs that demand immediate gratification

Ego

(balance between id and social demands)- the part of self the representing reason and common sense

Super Ego

( culture within us) Sig Freud's term for the conscience, consisting of moral and ethical aspects of personality

Self Concept

he totality of our beliefs and feelings of ourselves

Self

what we imagine we are its is not only an interior bundle of drive instincts and motives The meaning assigned to something including one's identity s constantly reconstructed as we act within our social environments

Significant others

significant people in their environment they are those close to them

Social learning theory

considers the formation of identity to be learned response to external social stimuli

Psychoanalytic theory

Id( self gratification)component of personality that includes all of the individuals basic biological drives and needs that demand immediate gratification Ego (balance between id and social demands) Superego( culture within us) - Sig Freud's term for the conscience, consisting of moral and ethical aspects of personality Male normal Female inferior

Game stage

Takes on multiple roles Develops comprehensive view of self The child also understand how people are related to each other and how others are related to him or her

Generalized other

George Herbert Meads term for the child's awareness and expectations of the society as a whole or the child subculture

Peers

a group of people who are linked by common interest equal social position, and similar in age

Role

the behavior that others expect from a person associated with a particular status Behaviors, obligations and privileges attached to status

Taking the role of the other

the process which a person mentally assumes the role of another person in orders to understand the world for that person point of view.

Learning Theory

considers the formation of identity to be learned response to external social stimuli Developed by Swiss psychologist Jean Piaget Emphasizes the societal context to socialization scheduled Identity is regarded as the result of modeling

Identity

how one defines oneself

Age prejudice

prejudice and discrimination against people on the basis of age, particularly against old people

Socialization

the process which people learn the expectations of society

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