the freedoms we have to think and act without government interference or fear of unfair treatment
freedom of religion
part of the 1st amendment that prohibits Congress from establishing an official religion, protects Americans to practice their faith as they wish, and government may not favor one religion over the other. They cannot treat people differently because of their faith.
freedom of speech
part of the 1st amendment that guarantees that Americans can speak freely without fear of punishment
freedom of the press
part of the 1st amendment that says that - Americans have the rights to express their views in print
the banning of printed materials
freedom of assembly
part of the 1st amendment that says that Americans have the right to gather in groups for any reason, as long as the assemblies are peaceful.
free to petition
part of the 1st amendment that says that right to petition the government and express ones' ideas to the government
a formal request for government action
protects 5 basic rights of all people
right to bear arms
protection against the quartering of soldiers in peacetime
protection against searches and seizures; warrants can be used by judges when there is good reason
defines the rules of double jeopardy, due process, eminent domain, indictment, and self-incrimination
formal charge by a grand jury
someone can not be charged for the same crime twime
If the government wishes to use someone's property, they must pay the owner money for it.
following established legal procedures and laws must be reasonable. (Miranda Warnings)
grants the right to an impartial jury and the right to have a lawyer (except in cases of impeachment)
right to trial by jury
a court order allowing law enforcement officers to search a suspect's home or business and take specific items as
protection against "cruel and unusual punishent" and allows the use of bail
a sum of money used as a security deposit.
states that people's rights are not limited to just those listed in the Constitution.
says that states can make their own laws as long as they do not contradict federal law (federal law remains supreme)
the voluntary freeing of enslaved persons
Bill of Rights
the first 10 amendments to the Constitution
citizens of another state can only sue in their state's court
states that the term of the President cannot exceed 10 years
outlawed slavery and banned forced labor except for punishment for a crime
stated the citizens of the United States was everyone born or naturalized there?
gave voting rights to African-American men and made the voting requirements the same for all states
levied income tax
the right to vote
direct election of senators
banned the sale, use, and manufacture of alcohol
gave women the right to vote
told when the terms or presidents begin/ended
allowed the sale and use of alcohol again
established that the president can have no more than 2 terms in office
gave voting rights to the people in Washington D.C.
prohibited poll taxes
a sum of money required of voters before they are permitted to cast a ballot
declared that the Vice President becomes the president if the President is unable to perform his duties or dies
chnged the voting age from 21 to 18
Congression can make change to congressional compensation; however, this change affects the next people to take these offices/positions
unfair treatment based on prejudice against a certain group.
social separation of the races
Civil Rights Act of 1964
prohibited discrimination in public facilities, employment, education, and voter registration.
the rights of full citizenship and equality under the law