body area between the diaphragm and pelvis.
to move away from the midline; opposite of adduct.
the study of the endocrine system.
outer coat of a tube-shaped structure such as blood vessels.
relating to food or nutrition. Relating to the digestive system from the back of the mouth to the rectum.
literally a small cavity; alveoli of lungs are microscopic saclike dilations of terminal bronchioles.
saclike dilation of a tube or duct.
coimection between vessels; for example, the Circle of Willis is an anastomosis of certain cerebral arteries.
the structure of an organism, morphology.
the study of the circulatory system.
external openings of the nostrils.
before, in relation to time or space; in front of or in the front part of; ventral, hemal, as contrasted with dorsal, neural.
blood-filled saclike dilation of the wall of an artery.
cavity; for example, the Antrum of Highmore, the space in each maxillary bone, or the maxillary sinus.
the main trunk of the systemic arterial system.
pointed end of a conical structure.
flat sheet of white fibrous tissue that serves as a muscle attachment, a tendon.
relating to an appendix or appendage.
vessels carrying blood away from the heart.
minute arteries with muscular walls and about 0.2 mm. in diameter; a terminal artery continuous with the capillary network.
a joining or connecting together loosely so as to allow motion between parts.
the first part of the colon in the right side of the abdomen.
chamber or cavity; for example, atrium of each side of the heart.
this includes 74 bones that form the upright axis of the body and 6 tiny middle ear bones.
relating to, or having two sides.
small branch of a bronchus.
one of the two branches of the trachea.
pertaining to the arm.
the space between the lips and the gums and teeth; the vestibule of the oral cavity.
cup shaped division of the renal pelvis.
microscopic blood vessel; capillaries connect arterioles with venules. Also, microscopic lymphatic vessels.
pertaining to the wrist.
pertaining to the tail of an animal. Opposite of cephalic.
blind pouch; the pouch at the proximal end of the large intestine.
pertaining to the abdomen.
neck; any neck-like structure.
shell shaped structure. For example, bony projections in the nasal cavity.
a rounded projection; example, condyles of the femur.
outer part of an internal organ; for example, of the cerebrum and kidney.
pertaining to the ribs.
a ridge; example, the iliac crest; a less prominent ridge is called a line; example, ileopectineal line.
pertaining to the skin.
the section of the colon which turns downward at the splenic flexure and descends on the left side of the abdomen.
toward the end of a structure; opposite of proximal.
outpocketing from a tubular organ such as the intestine.
posterior, pertaining to the back; opposite of ventral.
the first and shortest part of the small intestine.
ends of a long bone.
secreting into the blood or tissue fluid rather than into a duct; opposite of exocrine.
secreting into a duct.
pertaining to the outside.
sheet of connective tissue.
a hole, small opening; example, foramen magnum of the occipital bone.
a hollow or depression; example, mandibular fossa of the temporal bone that serves as the
cavity or hollow.
the two rounded prominences, one on each side of the frontal bone, located where the forehead turns backward to become the anterior portion of the crown of the head.
the hollows formed on either side of the separation of the two plates of the frontal bone beneath the superciliary ridge.
base of a hollow organ, for example, the part farthest from its outlet.
a pear-shaped sac, containing bile, on the under surface of the liver.
pertaining to the stomach.
a secreting structure.
of the tongue.
a rounded projection beyond a narrow neckline portion; example, head of the femur.
Hepar or Hepatic
pertaining to the liver.
Hilus or Hilum
depression where vessels enter an organ.
shaped like the letter U; bone of this shape at the base of the tongue.
the third portion of the small intestine, about 12 feet in length.
pertaining to the groin.
relating to the cutis, derma, skin. It is composed of two strata, the epidermis and dermis and contains the sweat glands, sebaceous glands, hair follicles, and touch corpuscles.
relating to the inside.
of or forming small spaces between things. Intercellular.
the place of union, usually more or less moveable, between two or more bones.
the portion of the small intestine, about eight feet in length, between the duodenum and the ileum.
pertaining to tears.
the organ of voice production; the upper part of the respiratory tract between the pharynx and the trachea.
space or cavity; for example, lacunae in bone contain bone cells.
of or toward the side; opposite of medial.
Liver (hepatic system )
the largest gland in the body; secretes bile and is of great importance in protein and carbohydrate metabolism.
passageway or space within a tubular structure.
cone-shaped organs, large enough to fill the pleural portion of the thoracic cavity completely. The left lung is partially divided by fissures into two lobes, upper and lower, and the right lung into three lobes, superior, middle and inferior. In relation to the lungs, the heart is medial.
handle; upper part of the sternum.
a tube-shaped opening; example, the external auditory meatus.
of or toward the middle; opposite of lateral.
middle section of the thorax, that is, between the two lungs.
Latin for marrow; hence the inner portion of an organ in contrast to the outer portion or cortex.
sheet or thin layer.
fold of peritoneum that attaches the intestine to the posterior abdominal wall.
situated in the middle, median.
the study of the shape and structure of living organisms.
the study of the muscular system.
the dividing wall between the two nasal cavities, formed posteriorly of bone (mainly the vomer and perpendicular plate of the ethmoid), anteriorly of cartilage.
the study of the nervous system.
pertaining to the nape of the neck.
back of the head.
pertaining to the sense of smell.
pertaining to the eyes.
small bones; specifically one of the bones of the tympanum or drum of the ear.
roof of the mouth.
an elongated lobulated organ composed of both exocrine glandular tissue and endocrine glandular tissue. Secretes digestive enzymes, insulin, and glucagon.
of the walls of an organ or cavity.
located near the ear.
pertaining to the pubic bone.
pertaining to the chest or breast.
pertaining to an outside surface.
finger or toe bones.
the throat; the upper expanded portion of the digestive tract between the esophagus below the mouth and nasal cavaties above and in front.
pertaining to the diaphragm.
liquid part of the blood.
behind the knee.
following after; hence located behind; opposite of anterior.
a projection or outgrowth.
to turn palm downward.
a gland, partly muscular and partly glandular, which surrounds the beginning of the male urethra and secretes a milky fluid into the urethra at the time of semen emission.
An outgrowth, a swelling, a knob.
next or nearest; located nearest the center of the body or the point of attachment of a structure.
the aperture between the stomach and duodenum.
pertaining to the kidney.
relating to those organs and tissues from the nostrils to the air sacs in the lungs involved with the intake of air.
wrinkles or folds.
like an arrow; longitudinal.
the three pairs of glands furnishing the saliva, the parotid, sublingual, and submaxillary.
from Greek for hard.
shaped like a sesame seed; an inconstant number of small, flat, round bones found in various tendons in which considerable pressure develops. Of these, only the patellas are usually counted in the 206 bones of the body.
that portion of the large intestine that courses downward below the iliac crest. It is described as an S-shaped curve.
a cavity or sponge-like space in a bone; example, the frontal sinus.
a muscle that principally closes an aperture.
Spinous Process or Spine
a sharp projection.
higher; opposite of inferior.
to turn the palm of the hand upward; opposite of pronate.
arched ridge just below the eyebrow.
Greek for a growing together.
organizations of varying numbers and kinds of organs so arranged that together they can perform complex functions for the body.
band or cord of fibrous connective tissue that attaches a muscle to a bone.
Latin for shin bone.
crosswise, lying across the long axis of the body or of a part.
the part of the colon that passes horizontally across the abdomen, below the liver, stomach, and spleen, and is above the small intestine.
also known as the windpipe; a tube about 11cm long that extends from the larynx in the neck to the bronchi in the thoracic cavity.
a very large projection; example, greater trochanter of the femur.
a small, rounded projection; example rib tubercies.
a large, rounded projection; example, ischial tuberosity.
Tunica Adventitia (Externa)
the outer, fibroelastic coat of a blood vessel or other tubular structure.
Tunica Intima (Interna)
the inner, serous coat of an artery.
the middle, usually muscular, coat of an artery or other tubular structure.
one of the outer layers of a part, especially of a hollow organ or blood vessel.
the tubes leading from the kidney to the urinary bladder.
the tube leading from the urinary bladder to the external surface of the body.
Latin for a little grape; projection hanging from the soft palate.
structure that permits flow of a fluid in one direction only.
vessel or duct.
wide, of great size.
vessels carrying blood to the heart.
of or near the belly; in humans, front or anterior; opposite of dorsal or posterior.
worm-shaped tissue which extends from the lower portion of the cecum. Its mucous lining may become inflamed, a condition known as appendicitis.
relating to or containing blood vessels.
small cavity; in the heart, those chambers which pump blood away from the heart.
referring to the internal organs.