Funeral Service Anatomy

170 terms by seanc504 

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Review week #3

Abdomen

body area between the diaphragm and pelvis.

Abduct

to move away from the midline; opposite of adduct.

Adenology

the study of the endocrine system.

Adventitia, Externa

outer coat of a tube-shaped structure such as blood vessels.

Alimentary Canal

relating to food or nutrition. Relating to the digestive system from the back of the mouth to the rectum.

Alveolus

literally a small cavity; alveoli of lungs are microscopic saclike dilations of terminal bronchioles.

Ampulla

saclike dilation of a tube or duct.

Anastomoses

coimection between vessels; for example, the Circle of Willis is an anastomosis of certain cerebral arteries.

Anatomy

the structure of an organism, morphology.

Angiology

the study of the circulatory system.

Anterior Nares

external openings of the nostrils.

Anterior (Ventral)

before, in relation to time or space; in front of or in the front part of; ventral, hemal, as contrasted with dorsal, neural.

Aneurysm

blood-filled saclike dilation of the wall of an artery.

Antrum

cavity; for example, the Antrum of Highmore, the space in each maxillary bone, or the maxillary sinus.

Aorta

the main trunk of the systemic arterial system.

Apex

pointed end of a conical structure.

Aponeurosis

flat sheet of white fibrous tissue that serves as a muscle attachment, a tendon.

Appendicular Skeleton

relating to an appendix or appendage.

Arteries

vessels carrying blood away from the heart.

Arterioles

minute arteries with muscular walls and about 0.2 mm. in diameter; a terminal artery continuous with the capillary network.

Articulation

a joining or connecting together loosely so as to allow motion between parts.

Ascending Colon

the first part of the colon in the right side of the abdomen.

Atrium

chamber or cavity; for example, atrium of each side of the heart.

Axial Skeleton

this includes 74 bones that form the upright axis of the body and 6 tiny middle ear bones.

Bilateral

relating to, or having two sides.

Bronchiole

small branch of a bronchus.

Bronchus

one of the two branches of the trachea.

Brachial

pertaining to the arm.

Buccal Cavity

the space between the lips and the gums and teeth; the vestibule of the oral cavity.

Calyx

cup shaped division of the renal pelvis.

Capillary

microscopic blood vessel; capillaries connect arterioles with venules. Also, microscopic lymphatic vessels.

Carpal

pertaining to the wrist.

Caudal

pertaining to the tail of an animal. Opposite of cephalic.

Cecum

blind pouch; the pouch at the proximal end of the large intestine.

Celiac

pertaining to the abdomen.

Cervix

neck; any neck-like structure.

Concha

shell shaped structure. For example, bony projections in the nasal cavity.

Condyle

a rounded projection; example, condyles of the femur.

Cortex

outer part of an internal organ; for example, of the cerebrum and kidney.

Costal

pertaining to the ribs.

Crest

a ridge; example, the iliac crest; a less prominent ridge is called a line; example, ileopectineal line.

Cutaneous

pertaining to the skin.

Deferens

carrying away.

Descending colon

the section of the colon which turns downward at the splenic flexure and descends on the left side of the abdomen.

Distal

toward the end of a structure; opposite of proximal.

Diverticulum

outpocketing from a tubular organ such as the intestine.

Dorsal

posterior, pertaining to the back; opposite of ventral.

Duodenum

the first and shortest part of the small intestine.

Epiphyses

ends of a long bone.

Endocrine

secreting into the blood or tissue fluid rather than into a duct; opposite of exocrine.

Exocrine

secreting into a duct.

External

pertaining to the outside.

Fascia

sheet of connective tissue.

Fissure

groove.

Foramen

a hole, small opening; example, foramen magnum of the occipital bone.

Fossa

a hollow or depression; example, mandibular fossa of the temporal bone that serves as the

Fovea

cavity or hollow.

Frontal Eminences

the two rounded prominences, one on each side of the frontal bone, located where the forehead turns backward to become the anterior portion of the crown of the head.

Frontal Sinuses

the hollows formed on either side of the separation of the two plates of the frontal bone beneath the superciliary ridge.

Fundus

base of a hollow organ, for example, the part farthest from its outlet.

Gall Bladder

a pear-shaped sac, containing bile, on the under surface of the liver.

Gastric

pertaining to the stomach.

Genitalia

reproductive organs.

Gland

a secreting structure.

Glossal

of the tongue.

Head

a rounded projection beyond a narrow neckline portion; example, head of the femur.

Hepar or Hepatic

pertaining to the liver.

Hilus or Hilum

depression where vessels enter an organ.

Hyoid

shaped like the letter U; bone of this shape at the base of the tongue.

Ileum

the third portion of the small intestine, about 12 feet in length.

Inferior

lower.

Inguinal

pertaining to the groin.

Integumentary

relating to the cutis, derma, skin. It is composed of two strata, the epidermis and dermis and contains the sweat glands, sebaceous glands, hair follicles, and touch corpuscles.

Internal

relating to the inside.

Interstitial

of or forming small spaces between things. Intercellular.

Joints

the place of union, usually more or less moveable, between two or more bones.

Jejunum

the portion of the small intestine, about eight feet in length, between the duodenum and the ileum.

Labia

lips.

Lacrimal

pertaining to tears.

Larynx

the organ of voice production; the upper part of the respiratory tract between the pharynx and the trachea.

Lacuna

space or cavity; for example, lacunae in bone contain bone cells.

Lateral

of or toward the side; opposite of medial.

Liver (hepatic system )

the largest gland in the body; secretes bile and is of great importance in protein and carbohydrate metabolism.

Lumen

passageway or space within a tubular structure.

Lungs

cone-shaped organs, large enough to fill the pleural portion of the thoracic cavity completely. The left lung is partially divided by fissures into two lobes, upper and lower, and the right lung into three lobes, superior, middle and inferior. In relation to the lungs, the heart is medial.

Manubrium

handle; upper part of the sternum.

Meatus

a tube-shaped opening; example, the external auditory meatus.

Medial

of or toward the middle; opposite of lateral.

Mediastinum

middle section of the thorax, that is, between the two lungs.

Medulla

Latin for marrow; hence the inner portion of an organ in contrast to the outer portion or cortex.

Membrane

sheet or thin layer.

Mesentery

fold of peritoneum that attaches the intestine to the posterior abdominal wall.

Mesial

situated in the middle, median.

Morphology

the study of the shape and structure of living organisms.

Myology

the study of the muscular system.

Nares

nostrils

Nasal Septum

the dividing wall between the two nasal cavities, formed posteriorly of bone (mainly the vomer and perpendicular plate of the ethmoid), anteriorly of cartilage.

Neurology

the study of the nervous system.

Nuchal

pertaining to the nape of the neck.

Occiput

back of the head.

Olecranon

elbow.

Olfactory

pertaining to the sense of smell.

Ophthalmic

pertaining to the eyes.

Orifice

an opening.

Ossicles

small bones; specifically one of the bones of the tympanum or drum of the ear.

Palate

roof of the mouth.

Palpebrae

eyelids.

Pancreas

an elongated lobulated organ composed of both exocrine glandular tissue and endocrine glandular tissue. Secretes digestive enzymes, insulin, and glucagon.

Parietal

of the walls of an organ or cavity.

Parotid

located near the ear.

Pectineal

pertaining to the pubic bone.

Pectoral

pertaining to the chest or breast.

Peripheral

pertaining to an outside surface.

Phalanges

finger or toe bones.

Pharynx

the throat; the upper expanded portion of the digestive tract between the esophagus below the mouth and nasal cavaties above and in front.

Phrenic

pertaining to the diaphragm.

Plasma

liquid part of the blood.

Popliteal

behind the knee.

Posterior (Dorsal)

following after; hence located behind; opposite of anterior.

Process

a projection or outgrowth.

Pronate

to turn palm downward.

Prostate Gland

a gland, partly muscular and partly glandular, which surrounds the beginning of the male urethra and secretes a milky fluid into the urethra at the time of semen emission.

Protuberance

An outgrowth, a swelling, a knob.

Proximal

next or nearest; located nearest the center of the body or the point of attachment of a structure.

Pyloric sphincter

the aperture between the stomach and duodenum.

Ramus

branch.

Renal

pertaining to the kidney.

Respiratory System

relating to those organs and tissues from the nostrils to the air sacs in the lungs involved with the intake of air.

Rugae

wrinkles or folds.

Sagittal

like an arrow; longitudinal.

Salivary Glands

the three pairs of glands furnishing the saliva, the parotid, sublingual, and submaxillary.

Sclera

from Greek for hard.

Sesamoid Bones

shaped like a sesame seed; an inconstant number of small, flat, round bones found in various tendons in which considerable pressure develops. Of these, only the patellas are usually counted in the 206 bones of the body.

Sigmoid Colon

that portion of the large intestine that courses downward below the iliac crest. It is described as an S-shaped curve.

Sinus

a cavity or sponge-like space in a bone; example, the frontal sinus.

Sphincter

a muscle that principally closes an aperture.

Spinous Process or Spine

a sharp projection.

Splanchnic

visceral.

Superior

higher; opposite of inferior.

Supernate

to turn the palm of the hand upward; opposite of pronate.

Supraorbital Margin

arched ridge just below the eyebrow.

Symphysis

Greek for a growing together.

Systems

organizations of varying numbers and kinds of organs so arranged that together they can perform complex functions for the body.

Tendon

band or cord of fibrous connective tissue that attaches a muscle to a bone.

Thorax

chest.

Tibia

Latin for shin bone.

Transverse

crosswise, lying across the long axis of the body or of a part.

Transverse Colon

the part of the colon that passes horizontally across the abdomen, below the liver, stomach, and spleen, and is above the small intestine.

Trachea

also known as the windpipe; a tube about 11cm long that extends from the larynx in the neck to the bronchi in the thoracic cavity.

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