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Art

the process and products that transform matter, sound or motion into a form that's pleasing
-to express and enjoy life
-social integration and universal aspects

universal aspects

emotional gratification for the individual
-art can manipulate human passions: suspense, terror, desire, sadness, etc

social integration

-communicates cultural attributes to the rest of the society
-enculturation next generation thru song/dance (sesame street)
-reflect other aspects of culture (sand painting)
-reflects solidarity

differences in art forms

visual art, music, verbal art
between cultures and societies the differences

small scale, nomadic societies

-art has to be portable (piercings, tattoos)
-art is more embedded in other aspects of culture
ex. Melanesians vs. Polynesians

complex societies

stratified
-specialists that can distinguish between good and bad art= art critics

visual art

painting, sculpture, weaving, carving, tattoo, etc.
-change a raw material into something else
1. representational
2. abstract
-different ways of examining this

representational visual art

closely imitates a form of nature
-naturalistic
-stylized

abstract visual art

representing basic patterns
type of visual art

modern, western art

creative originality and unique vision of artist
ex. tattoos: private statement of personal identity

traditional art

about community and shared symbolism
ex. Maoui: tattooing has more to do with what your collective identity is, what group you're a part of
-clan, collective identity

aesthetic approach

way to examine visual art
admiring the talent of the artist or the beauty of the artwork
-talk about the techniques used

narrative approach

way to examine visual art
what's being depicted
-basic straight forward stuff--what you see in the picture
-what objects are doing what and how does that tell us what's going on in the picture
-the story shown in the picture

interpretive

way to examine visual art
-what's the cultural meaning of the piece?
-what does it mean to that culture?
-in order to get this approach, you must know the culture behind it

music

reflects simplicity of a society
type of art
Egalitarian vs. stratified
-repetition of text?
-how many are singing?
-are instruments used? how many?

ethnomusicology

study of structure and technique of music and how it fits together with other aspects of culture

verbal arts

narratives, drama, poetry, riddles, jokes, latrinalia
-folklore: legends, myths, tales, jokes, and humor

latrinalia

things written on bathroom stalls
-phrases

folklore

type of verbal art
-mostly written

myths

type of folklore
-widely believed to be true, but probably aren't
-religions
-explain fundamentals of human nature
-never has a nugget of truth

legend

type of folklore
-semi-historical
-account for the deeds of heroes and movements of peoples
-bolster pride; instruct/inspire
-mixture of realism with extraordinary
ex. Bonnie and Clyde

Tales

type of folklore
-fiction for entertainment
ex. fables: include animal characters, dilemma--always has to have a moral to the story
-explain/teach socially appropriate behavior
-similar stories are told across cultures: diffusion

jokes and humor

type of folklore
very culture specific
-listener needs to understand culture to "get" the jokes told

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