5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Absolute Risk Reduction
- What is the leading cause of preventable death in the US?
- Relative Risk Reduction
- Independent Variables
- Types of Prevention:
- a How much of the risk is reduced in the experimental group compared with the control group. RRR=ARR/(rate of control group)
- b "purported cause or predictor variables" p. 5
- c tobacco use
- d Definition: Preventing the initial development of a disease
- e ARR (same as Attributable Risk), It is the absolute value of the control group event rate - the experimental group event rate.
5 Multiple choice questions
- 11,700. Of these 11,700 known to have HIV, ~4,500 have AIDS. (This number with AIDS will probably not be asked since the term AIDS is somewhat subjective. The viral load limit that a person must have to be considered suffering from AIDS has been lowered in recent years.)
- The probability of an event in a population under study. #new cases over a given period of time / # people in the group
- Normal distribution curve. based in statistical theory, describes the frequency distribution of repeated measurements of the same physical object by the same measurement.
5 True/False questions
Approximately how many people does smoking kill in AL every year? → 7,000
Incidence → The fraction or proportion of a group of people initially free of the outcome of interest that develops the condition over a given period of time
Number of People Living in the US with HIV. → 500,000-1,000,000
Types of Prevention:
Tertiary Prevention → Definition: Preventing the initial development of a disease
Reliability → Proportion of people without the disease who have a negative test = true negatives/ (true negatives + false positives) p. 39