a natural, solid substance that has definite chemical composition & physical structure; they always form as a crystal
melted rock within the Earth
rock that hardens when magma is pushed up from the mantle into the crust & cools.
magma that reaches the surface of the earth & flows/explodes from cracks in the crust
the process of breaking rock into smaller pieces; is caused by natural forces
the movement of sediment to new locations
the dropping (depositing) of sediment from wind or water that slows down, or ice that melts.
the process of building up layers of sediment over millions of years
the "gluing" of layers of sediment together into layers
rock made of sediments that weathered, transported, & were deposited in layers
rock made from minerals that dissolved in water, came out of the solutio, & were then deposited
the process by which any rock is changed into metamorphic rock through intense heat & pressure
the processes by which rocks are formed from one another