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context clues

the words or phrases near an unfamiliar word that help a reader understand the word's meaning

effect

the event or situation that results from a cause

fact

information that can be proven through a reliable source

first-person

the point of view in which the narrator is a character in the story, using words like I we, and us

generalization

a broad statement that is not necessarily true or based on facts

graphics

visual aids that show information in a clear, organized way, such as charts, graphs, and maps

hyperbole

an exaggeration or an overstatement

imagery

descriptive words that help the reader imagine a particular sight, sound, smell, touch, or taste

inference

a guess you make about a text by combining the author's clues with your own knowledge and experiences

main idea

what a passage is mostly about - it can be implied or stated directly

metaphor

a comparison of two things that does not use 'like' or 'as'

multiple meaning words

words that are spelled the same but have different meanings

opinion

a statement that expresses personal feelings or beliefs and cannot be proven true

personification

when human traits are given to animals or objects

plot

the sequence of events in a story

point of view

the perspective from which the narrator tells the story

prefix

a group of letters added before a root to change its meaning

problem and solution

an organizational structure that presents a problem and describes how it is solved

propaganda

information that is spread to influence the way people think

resolution

the part of the plot where the conflict is solved

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